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Roudenko A., Kireeva L. Philosophic and anthropological analysis of man’s fear bases in modern culture / annotation

Andrey M. Roudenko – Ph.D. of philosophy, associate professor. Institute of service and entrepreneurship (branch) of Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Lyudmila E. Kireeva – assistant. Institute of service and entrepreneurship (branch) of Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

It is presented a philosophical and anthropological analysis of the basic foundations of human fear in modern culture. The underlying foundation of the fear of man is ambivalent: fear, on the one hand, protects a person from danger and contributes to the playful person, but, on the other hand, fear limits human comprehension of being, constrains its activity. Fear either mobilizes or slows down human behavior: fear can manifest asthenic reaction (numbness and tremors, utter confusion), sthenic reaction (panic), or sthenic excitement. Fear of death causes a person to avoid situations that pose a threat to his life. Fear arises from a person in connection with the objectification of anxiety under the influence of imaginary or real dangers. It is experienced holistically by the person on various levels: physical, emotional, cognitive and behavioral. The causes of fear can also be classified into several groups, among which mention should be made of natural, individual and socio-cultural. Fear is inherent in all higher mammals and perform the necessary biological function associated with the response to the situation that causes the danger. Irrational fear is man`s fear of himself, in front of hidden in the unconscious destructive impulses. Fear appears as one of the mechanisms for the formation of social character – imparting qualities of the person considered necessary in this society, and the limitations of those behavioural manifestations that are considered undesirable.

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