Kolosova O.Yu. Orthodox ecological theology in the context of the modern public relations / annotation
Kolosova Olga Yurievna – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor of socio-economic disciplines and the humanities dpt. Stavropol branch of Krasnodar university of Inner Affairs Ministry of Russian Federation. Stavropol, Russia.
The modern ecological situation represents result of social and economic development of the world community directed to the material consumption which made minor spiritual aspects of life and the planned symptoms of spiritual crisis. The process of formation of ecological theology as special direction of religious thought is considered in the article. Its essence and manifestation in Orthodoxy, a place and a role in the modern nature protection movements and formation of ecological consciousness of the believing people comes to light.
Key words: ecological crisis, religious traditions, spiritual and moral revival, orthodox theology, ecological theology.
Kolosova O.Y., GoncharovV.N. Noosphere aspects of ecological problems / annotation
Kolosova Olga Yurievna – Ph.D., professor. Krasnodar university of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation. Stavropol, Russia.
Tendencies of global development are increasingly determined by the “Challenges of History” under the global problems requiring from humanity coordinated and extraordinary measures to ensure their right to further existence. Stochasticity, nonlinearity of historical processes is manifested in the world polycentric development, diversification of its mechanisms, need to overcome its most serious and inefficient forms - destructive crises and confrontations. Superattractor which main feature is noosphere and aesthetosphefere synthesis should be the final result of multi aspect and contradictory processes of the modern world dynamics which lie at the heart of globalization. From the perspective of synergetics, one-sided cult of order is typical for noosphere thinking and synthesis of order and freedom (“chaos”) is considered to be harmonious for aesthetosphefere thinking.
Key words: society, socio-historical evolution, synergetics, globalization, the noosphere, superattraktor.
Kolosova O.Y., Goncharov V. N. Economic and ecological safety of the region: strategy choice / annotation
Kolosova Olga Yurievna – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Krasnodar university of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation. Stavropol, Russia.
Ideas of a sustainable development meet the objective requirements of time and can play a significant role in the definition of the state priorities of the national state, strategy of social and economic development and prospects of further reforms.The world practice acquired a wide set of tools and methods of economic environmental policy which could be applied both at the state and regional levels. Today a problem of formation of system of the most effective and adequate to a concrete situation levels is becoming very topical.
Key words: environmental safety, strategy, policy instruments, sustainable development, region.
Kolosova O.Y., Goncharov V.N. Spiritual life of society: regional aspect / annotation
Kolosova Olga Yurievna – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Krasnodar university of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation. Stavropol, Russia.
The relevancy of the problem study of spiritual traditions preservation in the modern culture is defined by the important significance, which belongs to the traditions in the process of sociocultural development. Traditions, the research of which allows formulating and decision of principally important problems of building and functioning of the society, and its culture and provide informative analysis of different spheres of social activity, contribute to preservation and amplification of spiritual and material culture values.
Key words: spirituality, spiritual sphere of the region, traditions, religion, spiritual values, society, culture.
Kolosova O.Y., Vergun T.V. Peculiarities of marginal ethnocultural groups consciousness formation / annotation
Kolosova Olga Yurievna – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Krasnodar university of Ministry of Inner Affairs of Russian Federation. Krasnodar, Russia.
Globalization implies growth of migrators, who appear to be marginals, as in cultural, so as in social directions. The analysis of marginal ethnocultural consciousness formation process from the position of social philosophy is given in the article. Marginal consciousness represents relatively stable system of conscious ideas and estimations, really existingethnodifferentiating and ethnointegrating life signs of ethnocultural society. Consciousness of various ethnocultural society representatives appears to be a converted form of consciousness, ascendant to archetypes of communal consciousness, considered to be relatively stable system of realized ideas and estimations, really existing ethnodifferentiating and ethnointegrating features of ethnocultural society development.
Key words: migration, marginalization, ethnical self-identification, ethnical consciousness, ethnical selfconsciousness.
Kolosova O., Goncharov V. Socio-environmental monitoring as the indicator of ecological consciousness / annotation
Kolosova Olga – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Krasnodar university of Ministry of Inner Affairs of Russian Federation. Krasnodar, Russian Federation.
It has been analyzed the system of social and ecological monitoring, which allows expanding indicator set of characteristics of the state and dynamics of society to the limits covering not only social processes, but all aspects of relationship between society and nature. The system of social and ecological monitoring allows obtaining the sociological information promoting sustainable development of society. It allows to consider in detail socially – ecological processes and the phenomena, quickly to find changes and general tendencies of transformation of such processes and phenomena, to analyze simultaneously all social subjects according to their role in the development of social and ecological processes, to provide use of new methods of environmental and social assessments. Indicator set of characteristics of state and change of society in the course of social and ecological monitoring extends to the limits covering not only social processes, but also all aspects of communications between society and nature. Object of studying of social and ecological monitoring is a society and its life environment. The society loses signs of totality and alignment. It is shown as changeable set of local fragments which are poorly conformed to each other and therefore they comprise variety of scenarios of further development. As perceptible improvement of ecological situation is inseparable from rationalization of economy and growth of social involvement of citizens at the specific level of local community, this level is considered to be optimum for research. At this level features and possibilities of solution of local problems can be considered; its cultural, ethnic and religious features are taken into account, lasting experience of aboriginal population and its tradition is considered, equitable distribution of environmental risk in community is provided. Receiving reliable information about changes in public consciousness, in public orientations, their influence on ecological consciousness of people on extent of their concern in the ecological situation, on ecological activity and factors inducing to this activity is possible only when performing large-scale social and ecological monitoring. Early warning of growth of social tension in regions and in the country in general, formations of the new ecological consciousness corresponding to the modern period of development of world civilization requires studying of public opinion by state bodies, public organizations, parties and political movements, scientists and experts, members of media and education systems. Ecological awareness is a basis of ecological thinking formation. It will allow changing focus of consumer society from thoughtless ruin and exploitation of nature to careful attitude to its resources, understanding of their authentic value. Studying of public opinion on environmental problems by means of mass survey is necessary, but it is insufficient condition of forecasting of people social behavior. When considering public opinion as one of regulators of social behavior in the conditions of social and ecological intensity it is necessary to consider also the possibility of its change under influence, first of all media, rumors, activities of system of ecological education. Value of social and ecological monitoring is that it, except for fixing of changes of public opinion of the population, allows determining efficiency of specific actions for impact on public opinion of such factors as orientation and intensity of mass- media appeals to ecological subject.
Key words: social opinion, ecology, ecological consciousness, mass media, information, orientation.
Kolosova O., Goncharov V. Positive ecological practices formation as condition of ecological crisis overcoming / annotation
Olga Yu. Kolosova – Ph.D. of Philosophy, professor. Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. Krasnodar, Russian Federation.
Development of social ecological practices, their wide spreading through the system of scientific knowledge, education and upbringing, formation of ecological structure can contribute to overcoming of ecological crises, satisfaction of society primary demands and provision of worthy life level for every person. The content and constructive orientation of social ecological practices of a person in a greater degree are conditioned by balance between ecological problems, which touch upon the quality of life and make somebody to undertake active steps for ecological threat removal, ecological hazard overcoming, by original mountings for reformation (by intentions) of environment, by social qualities, determining the optimal choice of social changes model, by conventions as mutually agreed actions of social subjects in the general sociocultural and natural space, and, eventually, by social technologies as the practice instruments. The phenomenon of socially ecological practices has the close interconnection with structure transformations in all spheres of the society activity. The indice of social health represent the indicator of given transformations. The social health characterizes vitality of the society. The social health index represents correlation of healthy and unhealthy life mode of population. Institutionalization of ecological practices relating to an integral health index is in the third levels of social reality: social structures, person and culture. Social ecological practices represent a double phenomenon, where positive and negative processes closely interlace. The last one manifests in the low level of ecological structure, expressing in all aspects of a person’s life (the low level of ecological enlightenment, education, upbringing and behavior). Under the condition of involvement in all social institutes the positive social ecological practices represent the meaning of innovative ecological modernization of all Russian society regions. They are not only appealed to transform socionatural reality of the modern society, but contribute to the choice of ecologically-efficient models of daily behavior, socionatural activity, reflecting the necessity of spiritually-moral attitude recreation towards nature. Ecological ideology, as axiological compo-nent of ecological culture, purposefully influences to ecological humanism formation, understanding of nature as the highest panhuman value. Ecological humanism, as the modern form of humanism includes the following principles: harmony of a person with nature; equivalence of everything alive; non-violence; self-containment instead of consumerism; a loving and creative personality formation; necessity of moral self-improvement; preservation of diversity of nature, person and culture. The fast development of cottage con-struction, organization of suburban cooperatives, ecological tourism, amenity planting of inhabited localities, creation of protected areas in the cities, ecosettlements, environmental ethics that speaks for restoration of preservation demand and augmentation of natural resources and coevolutionary development of society and nature.
Kolosova O., Goncharov V. Ethnic functions of culture: social and philosophical analysis of ethnographic research / annotation
Olga Yu. Kolosova – PhD of philosophy, professor. Krasnodar University of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation. Krasnodar, Russian Federation.
The article analyzes the phenomenon of culture from a socio-philosophical point of view. According to the authors’s view, it is understood as a creative activity of people, because its ethnic functions are manifested in the most diverse spheres: from material production to the spiritual life of society. Usually, when characterizing the ethnic properties of culture, the focus is on those that perform an ethno-differentiating role. And it has certain reasons. However, it would be wrong if such an approach completely overshadowed the ethno-integrating functions of culture. After all, even if properties that distinguish each ethnos among other similar communities are important, the integrating functions of culture remain an indispensable and most important condition for its existence as an integrated system. Due to the interaction of cultures, as well as a certain cultural convergence in the development of peoples, as a rule, the predominant part of ethnic characteristics in the sphere of culture is relative. They act as a common property of several ethnic units, simultaneously distinguishing all of them from some other units of the same type. If we approach this issue abstractly, then, ultimately, it is necessary, almost every component of the culture to consider as relatively specific. Therefore, it is obvious that practically the features that distinguish it primarily from the ethnic communities with which it is in relatively constant contact should be considered as relatively specific features of this or that ethnic community. One more feature of the ethnospecific features of culture that would be worth bearing in mind, some of them are objectively such a type, some are classified as ethnic self-awareness by this category, playing an important role in the ethnic identification of people. Often, objectively existing ethnically specific properties of a culture and subjectively distinguished ones coincide. However, this is not always the case, because ethnic self-consciousness is often inclined to absolutize the ethnic specificity of individual cultural elements.
Goncharov V., Kolosova O. The Cultural and Historical Analysis of Slavic Religion in the Context of the Ethnographic Research / annotation
Vadim N. Goncharov – doctor of philosophical sciences, associate professor. North Caucasian Federal University, Stavropol, Russia.
It is proved in this article that ethnographic researches represent one of the components of scientific cultural and historical research of social development. According to the authors, not only cultural artifacts but also many other ones are infused with religious attitude and more with associations of religious character. All these artifacts reflect ideological aspects of consciousness formation, the system of behavior and relationship of people. The tradition force, selectivity and the normalizing nature of national culture allowed remaining some ancient plots so that they can be a source of replenishment of data on pre-Christian religious views of the Slavs.Understanding the initial semantics of these plots and disclosing their value are possible only with attraction of comparative data on beliefs and ceremonies, with application of various historical evidences and the most ancient historical monuments. All this can be historically comprehended only taking into account the ancient pagan world outlook. The Slavic paganism is a part of the huge universal complex including the most ancient beliefs, ceremonies and mythology that served as a component of the latest world religions. The church treated paganism as an antithesis to Christianity that has nothing in common with the true situation, with science about religion. Historians, religion scholars, archeologists and ethnographers proved that the Christian church, fighting against local cults, nevertheless, absorbed them and included in its dogma, agreeing with insufficient integrity and logic of the turning-out synthesis. The characteristic of religion in general is that with emergence of new representations the old ones do not disappear, and continue to exist along with new even if contradict them.
Goncharov V., Kolosova O. Social-philosophical aspect of research on the ethnocultural integrity of a person / annotation
Vadim N. Goncharov – doctor of philosophy, associate professor. North Caucasian Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
The idea of the perfect person, appearing as a universal idea about harmony with nature and the need to adapt to it and transforming it, puts a person on a new level of harmony. The upbringing of a perfect person reflects the level of national self-consciousness and undergoes a constant evolution under the influence of social conditions. The people were always aware of the universal goals of upbringing, had their ideal of a perfect person and, in their upbringing practice, sought to achieve this goal. For a person as an ethnocultural integrity, it is important to be introduced to the ethnocultural heritage, inculturation. Comprehending the phenomenology of culture, mastering the ethnocultural phenomenon, a person becomes an heir of culture, is formed as an integral ethnocultural personality –a community unit with characteristics of ethnic mentality, associated with the history of ethnos, ethnic culture, capable of ethnic reproduction of the world. Specificity of culture is determined by the peculiarities of the ethnocultural personality. The uniqueness consists, first of all, in the inimitable combination of the elements common to all ethnic groups, in the combination of the system of relations and values. As an individual, personality is identical with social norms, effective in relation to expected social roles. This is the outward correspondence of man to the ethnic ideal of the perfect man. Ethnicity is a real, structurally rich and complex connection of an individual with society, including the socio-economic, territorial, day-to-day, socio-political, linguistic, spiritual and socio-psychological aspects and reflects a certain side of human nature, much deeper, external in relation to consciousness and psychology, by which is understood the form of higher nervous activity.
Goncharov V., Kolosova O. Ethnocultural Aspect of the Study of the Social Sphere as the Basis of Human Life / annotation
Vadim N. Goncharov – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
The whole culture of the ethnos: material, directly related to life support, social and spiritual, is determined, organized, structured under the influence of the strategy of its life. The livelihood structure of an ethnos consists of a complex of necessary components. One of them is the culture of life support, which includes both rational and irrational elements, specific elements of ideology. A superficial attitude to the traditional way of running of the household leads not only to the degradation of the environment, but most of all to a change in certain, essential features of ethnic consciousness, which has been formed over the centuries. Ignoring the culture of livelihood in the most negative way affects the development of ethnic groups, undermines the foundations of their existence. Culture is a set of behavioral models that a person assimilates in the process of socialization and the adoption of his cultural role. Culture contains such behavioral patterns, following which makes it possible to most rationally use the available geographic and climatic conditions. These behavioral models are passed down from generation to generation in the process of socialization and are the main mechanism by which human groups adapt to the environment. A person lives not just in a social, but also in an ethnic environment. Ethnicity functions due to the fact that it develops a certain system of socialization of its members, in the framework of which the production and transmission of culture, the formation of the young generation in its image and likeness take place.
Goncharov V., Kolosova O., Litvinova E. Ethnic Aspect of Different Cultures: Principles of Development and Functioning / annotation
Vadim N. Goncharov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
The functioning of different cultures have common principles. Development is a complex process, the context of development is determined by external factors, and the main role belongs to political, social, ethical and ethnocultural factors. Cultural development takes place through increasing efficiency in the use of natural resources, raising labor productivity and economic specialization. All other aspects of culture that are secondary to them depend on it.
Goncharov V., Kolosova O., Volkov A. Ethno-Cultural Aspect of Personality Development in the Educational System / annotation
Vadim N. Goncharov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
In a multi-ethnic state, the general principles for solving ethnocultural problems are often given by a political formula expressing the general national-state idea, including the principles of ethnic integration. An educational institution is one of the sociocultural mechanisms for implementing a specific national-state idea. Cultural differences, especially in customs and religion, were perceived more or less tolerantly in many parts of the world. However, in such an important area of culture as education, tolerance is manifested much less frequently. The most receptive cultures responded to the globalization of the economy and industry of Western culture with measures aimed at finding and maintaining ethnocultural identities. The self-assertion of ethnoculture becomes a force that makes it possible to withstand the crisis of identity generated by globalization. As a result of ethnocultural self-affirmation, new modern forms of expression of identity arise. The processes taking place on a global scale are characterized by the desire of peoples to maintain their identity, emphasize the uniqueness of their culture and psychological makeup, and millions of people to realize their belonging to a particular ethnic group. A person feels the non-stability of the world. He seeks protection, support and self-confidence in the enduring, eternal, stable values of his ancestors, seeks to preserve his identity, unique culture. Interest in their roots in individuals and entire nations is manifested in a variety of forms: from the revival of ancient customs and rituals, folklorization of culture, to the desire to create and restore their national statehood. Therefore, it is intergenerational stable communities, primarily ethnic groups, which acquire great significance in the life of the modern man. Ethnocultural revival is considered as one of the main features of human development in the 21st century. The main channel for the reproduction of culture in society is education, one of the broadest spheres of human activity, a specific structural element of ethnic culture that fulfills the function of continuity of generations.