ISSN 2414-1143


2015. N 1

For the anniversary of Victory in Great Patriotic War 1941-1945

Trut V.P. Battle of Kursk: known and unknown / annotation

Trut Vladimir Petrovich – Ph.D. of history, professor of national history dpt. Institute of history and international relations. Southern federal university. Member of Military science Academy. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

Different questions of more properly, so less properly investigated events of the Kursk battle are discussed in the article on the basis of diverse historiographic material. However, considerable attention is paid to the controversial aspects of the topic. The author proves his own approaches to the consideration of the most controversial and virtually undiscovered aspects of the battle, offers the directions of their further research. Particular attention is paid to the identification and analysis of actual combat potential of opposing forces military groups in the period of the battle, reasoned and mistaken, strategic and tactical decisions of Soviet and Germanic command on the eve and directly in the period of the battle, particularly, the actual failure of the plans of the German command in operation “Citadel” realizing and trap and defeat of all impactive German group by planned Soviet command, on the second stage of the battle, reasons of Soviet counteroffensive actions failures on July 8 and in particular July 12 on the Voronezh Front.

Key words: Great Patriotic war, World War II, USSR, Kursk, army, troops.

Uznarodov I.M. The end of cold war. The role of the USSR / annotation

Uznarodov Igor Mironovich – Ph.D. of history, professor, head of foreign history and international relations dpt. Southern federal university. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

The article considers the end of the cold war and the role of the USSR in it. Attempts are being made to consider the final event of the process. It is analyzed political events such as the convening of the Conference on Security and coopoperation in Europe (CSCE), the meeting of the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union in Malta in December 1989, negotiations on the reunification of Germany (1990), signed in 1990, the "Charter of Paris for a New Europe" in Paris. It notes the role of M.S. Gorbachev, its new policy on termination of confrontation of East and West. It is considered the political consequences of the Cold War for Russia and the West. It says about the losses suffered by Russia, trying to recreate the world, the obvious activation of the West in all regions of the world in order to promote and often impose their values there.

Key words: Cold War, confrontation, ideological confrontation, M.S. Gorbachev, superpower, the West, the Soviet Union.

Ecology and agriculture problems of the Black Sea Region within the global ecologic crisis

Meskhi B.Ch., Astvatsaturov A.E. Human factor in solving engineering problems of safety / annotation

Meskhi Besarion Chokhoevich – Ph.D. of technical study, professor. Rector of Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
Astvatsaturov Artem Ervandovich – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor of life activity safety and environment protection dpt. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

The article presents the principles and methods of engineering disciplines of engineering in the process of design and construction of self-propelled work machines, in order to ensure favorable and safe working conditions; based on many years of research in the laboratories of the Department of Security of life and the creation of DSTU discipline "Engineering Ergonomics", based on the priority principles of human factor, showing the methodological and technical development principles of comfortable workplace human-machine operator; it is considered prospects for improving the harmonic connection hardware and the human factor in the self-propelled machines, safety.

Key words: safety, technosphere, human-machine-engineering ergonomics, man-machine, factor.

Makeenko I.P. Global social and natural character of environmental problems of modernity / annotation

Makeenko Igor Petrovich – candidate of economics, associate professor of the technical service dpt. Technological institute of service (branch) of Don state technical university. Stavropol, Russia.

The global situation, in which there is a mankind, reflects and expresses general crisis of a person consumer attitude to natural and social resources. At the end of the XX century mankind faced the problems from solving of which its future depends. These are so-called global difficulties including problems of war and peace, ecology, health care, energy resources. Their essence lies in the fact that, at first, they concern all countries independent from their social system and a level of development; secondly, they can be solved by efforts not of only one country, but at least, of the majority of the countries; thirdly, they are closely interconnected and therefore the solution of one of them, anyway, concerns also others.

Key words: ecology, person, technique, nature, global problems, sociotechnosphere, ecological crisis, globalization, environmental problem.

Gerneshy V.V. The travel industry in Russia as a promising social phenomenon of economic crisis overcoming (in the context of staff training for tourism) / annotation

Gerneshy Vasily Vasilievich – candidate of military study, associate professor, deputy rector of academic and methodic work. Moscow state institute of tourism industry of Yu.A. Senkevich. Moscow, Russia.

The article considers the possibility of creating a unified conception of human resources training for the travel industry, which could provide improvement of educational programs quality realization in educational institutions of travel industry. The existing educational system for specialists training, the effectiveness of which can be increased through planning and realization of action plan, including multiregion education projects is supposed to be taken as a basis of conception.

Key words: conception of human resources training, multiregion education project, dynamic development of travel industry, modellings of educational structure, academic mobility of students and lecturers.

Leonova M.A., Getmantseva L.V., Kolosov A.Yu., Pristupa V.N. Genetic markers of cow milk productiveness of the red steppe breed / annotation

Leonova Maria Anatolievna – scientific worker, laboratory of molecular diagnostics and biotechnology of agricultural animals. Don state agrarian university. Persianovsky, Rostov Region, Russia.
Getmantseva Lyubov Vladimirovna – candidate of agriculture, laboratory of molecular diagnostics and biotechnology of agricultural animals. Don state agrarian university. Persianovsky, Rostov Region, Russia.
Kolosov Anatoly Yurievich – candidate of agriculture, IT, modeling and statistics dpt. Don state agrarian university. Persianovsky, Rostov Region, Russia.
Pristupa Vasily Nikolaevich – Ph.D. of agriculture, professor of private zootechnique and agricultural animals feeding of Don state agrarian university. Persianovsky, Rostov Region, Russia.

The article presents the results of studies of the effect gene polymorphism pituitary transcription factor (POU1F1), kappa-casein gene (k-CSN) and prolactin gene (PRL) on milk production of cows of red steppe breed. Analysis of the genotypes was performed by PCR-RFLP (polymerase chain reaction – restriction fragment length polymorphism). Contains information describing how to conduct research and reagent kits for each of the genes studied. POU1F1 gene controls the transcription of genes PRL, TSH and GH, as well as the functioning of the breast. Mutations kappa-casein gene (k-CSN) affect the protein content in milk, cheese yield and cheese as well as on the coagulation properties of milk. All this makes the consideration of these three genes (POU1F1, k-CSN, PRL) as a promising candidate genes dairy cattle productivity. As a result of studies have shown the presence of two populations of allelic variants of each gene (A, B – POU1F1 / HinfI, A, B – k-CSN / HindIII and A, G – PRL / RsaI) and all three variants of genotypes. Animals genotype BB (POU1F1) characterized by the best milk yield per lactation (500.5 kg at (P <0,01) and 835.6 kg (P <0,001) compared with genotypes AB and BB, respectively), and genotype AB (POU1F1) was significantly associated with higher protein content. Genotype AB gene k-CSN provides higher performance milking (at 572.7 kg (P <0,05) compared with the AA genotype), whereas the effect of polymorphism of the gene for the protein and fat content in milk has not been established . PRL gene revealed that the animals AA genotype have better milk yield per lactation. Superiority over similar genotype AG amounted to 388.2 kg and above analogy with the GG genotype at 564.1 kg (P <0,05).

Key words: gene, polymorphism, productivity, POU1F1, k-CSN, PRLR, Red Steppe breed.

Agaphonov E.V., Kamenev R.A. To the problem of productivity boost of the field seed turnover segment of winter wheat – corn – sunflower on the Southern black soil / annotation

Agafonov Evgeny Vasilievich – Ph.D. of agriculture, professor, head of agrochemistry and gardening dpt. Don state agrarian university. Persianovsky, Rostov Region, Russia.
Kamenev Roman Alexandrovich – candidate of agriculture, associate professor of agrochemistry and gardening dpt. Don state agrarian university. Persianovsky, Rostov Region, Russia.

In conducting research in the conditions of the Rostov region in southern black soil in 2011-2014 have established that the use of chicken litter rotted manure in pairs increases productivity level field crop rotation of winter wheat – maize – sunflower at 2.05 t / ha of grain units or 20%. Economically viable is to transport litter manure at a distance of 35 km from the place of storage.

Key words: chicken litter rotted manure, winter wheat, maize, sunflower, southern black soil

Religion and interethnic relations in the region

Yablokov I.N. Religion and ethnos / annotation

Yablokov Igor Nikolaevich – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor, head of religion philosophy and religion study dpt. of philosophy faculty. Moscow state university of M.V. Lomonosov.

The article reveals content of the concept “religion” and “ethnos”, discovers essential characteristics of religion, and analyzes historico-stadial types of ethnos. The issue about religion and ethnos connection is decided on different stages of history, in various countries and regions. Special attention is concentrated on specification of ethnoreligious conflicts.

Key words: religion, historical types of religion, ethnos, superethnos, subethnos, social conflict, ethnore-ligious conflict.

Goncharov V.N. Social and culturological aspect of religion / annotation

Goncharov Vadim Nikolaevich – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor of philosophy dpt. Institute of the Humanities of North-Caucasus federal university. Stavropol, Russia.

Being the public phenomenon, the religion has quite certain social, gnoseological and psychological roots. The social reasons of its emergence are the objective factors of public life, connected with relation of people to the nature and among themselves (domination of nature forces, spontaneity of the public relations). The gnoseological reasons are con-nected with ability of a person to think in the abstract way, and, with aspiration to learn and explain surrounding phenomena. The psychological reasons are generated from negative emotions and experiences of a person, his dissatisfaction with a real situation and absence of opportunities to eliminate a source of the problems. Thereby, a person’s desire and attempt to escape from solving the complex problems of life and search for means of rescue in religion and belief are considered to be natural and clear.

Key words: religion, culture, belief, spirituality, society, public consciousness, civilization, cultural heritage.

Kolosova O.Yu. Orthodox ecological theology in the context of the modern public relations / annotation

Kolosova Olga Yurievna – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor of socio-economic disciplines and the humanities dpt. Stavropol branch of Krasnodar university of Inner Affairs Ministry of Russian Federation. Stavropol, Russia.

The modern ecological situation represents result of social and economic development of the world community directed to the material consumption which made minor spiritual aspects of life and the planned symptoms of spiritual crisis. The process of formation of ecological theology as special direction of religious thought is considered in the article. Its essence and manifestation in Orthodoxy, a place and a role in the modern nature protection movements and formation of ecological consciousness of the believing people comes to light.

Key words: ecological crisis, religious traditions, spiritual and moral revival, orthodox theology, ecological theology.

Chistyakova O. Media myth influence on «other» culture formation in Russian society (in the context of external migration) / annotation

Chistyakova Olga Vasilievna – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor of history and philosophy dpt. Moscow state institute of tourism industry of Yu.A. Senkevich. Moscow, Russia.

The topic of this article is the effect of mass media on the formation of public attitude towards migrants, becoming the image of the Other human being of different ethnicity and religion], and opportunities for integration of migrants into Russian society. In the modern-day Russian society the face of the Other, i.e. the Migrant of different culture, has been creating by mass media permanently for the last decades in conjunction to the existing economical and sociocultural problems. Mass media myths define public opinion towards migrants reflecting on after-effects (e.g. ideas of losing Russia`s resources and cultural identity) of their arrival to Russia. Such media myths cause in public opinion negative emotions and intolerance towards certain ethnicities. These myths prevent migrants from integration into the Russian society and alienate them into the ethnic enclaves. The article reviews the artificial media myths and public barriers obstructing the dialogue between indigenous population and migrants.

Key words: mass-media, migration, ethnical culture, enclave.

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'