ISSN 2414-1143

ARCHIVE

CONTENTS
2018. N 2

Problems of ethnic and national values formation of Black Sea region countries people
(cultural study)

Magomedova Z., Mustafaeva M., Mustafaeva Z. Intellectual-creative, socio-psychological approaches in the management of a multinational staff team / annotation

Zaira M. Magomedova - senior lecturer. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – PhD of philosophy, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation
Zarema S. Mustafaeva – candidate of philosophy, associate professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.

Intellectual-creative and socio-psychological approaches in the management of a multinational staff team are analyzed. The optimal mastery of management of a multinational staff team in the conditions of the Republic of Dagestan is considered within the context of the pedagogy and psychology principles. It has been emphasized the special role of tolerance as a personal value that a team leader must have in practical goals achieving. The professional success of leader’s professional activity depends upon the ability to create the process of managerial communication, to establish and develop relations with people. It has been argued that tolerance assumes the manifestation of participants personal qualities in a multinational staff team and forms a willingness to accept others as they are. The author’s concepts of the leader management culture, connected with a personal relationships culture development are considered. The importance to use professional ethics by the leader, where the duty negligence, mistakes create difficulties, problems leading to losses, failures in work has been marked. It is proved that the manager must conduct a preliminary orientation-study of the team. Reliance on “collected primary information” about a multi-ethnic team will help to plan and implement interethnic communication. The structure of professional mastery of managerial activity is revealed, which includes a system of professional (special) knowledge in the field of management theory, as well as a system of knowledge, skills, personal relationships, its spiritual, personal, ethno-national and professionally important qualities. The importance of development of ethno-psychological properties, determining unique character and personality individuality in the manager professional activity is proved. During the implementation of the study, the structure of the professional skills of the leader has been presented, which includes general, general scientific, general cultural, spiritual, ethno-psychological, ethno-pedagogical, artistic and creative aptness.

Key words: optimal, management, international communication, team subject, sufferance, complement activity, pedagogy and psychology of managerial communication, tolerance.

Ilyasova R. Language as ethnic value (on the Chechen language example) / annotation

Raisa S. Ilyasova – candidate of philology, associate professor. Chechen state university. Grozny, Russian Federation.

It is considered the development of the Chechen language in the context of globalization. The ways of expanding the sociolinguistic functions of the language are analyzed. The Chechen language along with other languages of Russian peoples, as is known, is classified as a minority. But there is a reason to believe that most of the signs of extinction of languages are not applicable to the Chechen language: the number of Chechens is 1.5 million, the concise living of the population in rural areas (more than 70%), the mono-nationality of the republic, language learning in kindergartens, school, university, theater, a highly developed theater and stage, mass publication of newspapers, magazines, art works, the translation of films into their native language, creation of original Chechen films. In recent decades, the problem of expanding the use of the written form of the Chechen language has been actualized. Especially in this regard, it is important to address the problem of the transfer to the Chechen language of primary school education in conditions of a mono-ethnic population of the republic with a population of one and a half million people. This problem was widely discussed ten years ago, but now it is raised more rarely. There is not much hope that it will be resolved in favor of the Chechen language (and in favor of the languages of the peoples of Russia as a whole in the country) according to the steps taken by the State Duma and federal agencies to restrict the functions of the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, even the languages of titular nations in the corresponding national State formations on the territory of the federal Russian state. Especially indicative in this respect is the draft law on the study of native languages on a voluntary basis, and in fact – the assignment to the relevant subjects – the native language and literature of optional status in educational standards and in curricula.
However, this has not happened yet and there is a weak hope that ethnophobic forces will not prevail and the tendency of a balanced national-Russian bilingualism and national and cultural diversity in our country will develop further with the preservation of the conditions for the preservation and development that have developed over the past two to three decades native languages of non-Russian ethnoses of Russia. In the Chechen Republic, this trend manifested itself, for example, that over the past 20-25 years, the oral form of the use of the Chechen language has significantly expanded its base: in contrast to the Soviet period, at the level of government, ministries, departments, and district administrations, etc.

Key words: ethnic language, Chechen language, minority language, social status of the Chechen language, interaction of languages, language situation.

Daudov R. Formation of spiritual and moral values in modern Chechen Republic / annotation

Ramzan Kh. Daudov – senior lecturer. Chechen state university. Grozny, Russian Federation.

In modern Chechen Republic a special concept is formulated. It includes the spiritual and moral education of the younger generation. This concept promotes the development of such fundamental values as patriotism, religiosity and traditionalism. Having gone through many trials and difficulties throughout history, the Chechen people have come to a peaceful and prosperous way of life. Of course, this is largely due to the successful policies of such statesmen as the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin and Akhmad-Hadzhi Kadyrov, whose way to this day is being continued by his son, the head of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Akhmatovich Kadyrov. To form true values in the republic, all representatives of the government, the clergy and the people themselves are involved. The presence in the world of such trends as Islamic modernism and traditionalism also influenced the formation of the spiritual and moral values of Chechen society. From many sources it is known that representatives of traditionalism advocate the preservation of those values that were still in the time of the Prophet Muhammad (the beginning of the VII century). Otherwise, representatives of modernism believe that it is necessary to adapt traditional values in the modern world. Modern Chechen Republic copes brilliantly with the problem of opposites, thanks to the well-coordinated work of all branches of power and the clergy. All this is due to the unified concept of spiritual and moral education, in which every citizen of the republic takes part directly. The close and effective interaction of the clergy and various branches of power in the Chechen Republic, and to this day, gives its positive results in the formation of a civil society responsible for its destiny. Much attention is paid to the formation of spiritual and moral values, special attention is given to the younger generation of Chechen Republic, for the preservation of a given pace for the future. Great emphasis is placed on the literacy and education of the population. Since it is precisely uneducated people who most often succumb to provocations from extremism and radicalism. To date, the Chechen people, who have missed military conflicts through their own destiny on the basis of religion and nationality, are perfectly adapted and set up to prevent past mistakes and preserve peace in the republic. The concept of spiritual and moral upbringing and development of the Chechen Republic is a kind of yardstick combining true and unshakable values in which the Chechen code of honor "nokhchalla" is emphasized. The word "nokhchalla" is not translated into any other language, but every Chechen knows perfectly what it means. This is a kind of a set of rules, unwritten anywhere, concerning ethics and morality that has been guiding true Chechens from early times.

Key words: Chechen Republic, modernity, Islam, patriotism, Koran, traditionalism, spirituality, morality, extremism, radicalism, value, history, religion, power, humanity, honor, conscience, mentality, customs, responsibility.

Ageeva N. Relevant issues of single ethical and legal space creation on the territory of treatment and prevention institutions of the Crimean Federal District / annotation

Nataliya A. Ageeva – candidate of philosophy, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article raises the questions of the necessity of medical activity bioethical measurement in the process of training and retraining of personnel for treatment and prophylactic institutions of the Crimean Federal District. In 2014 a resonant and long-awaited event took place – the annexation of the Crimea to the Russian Federation. From the very first days of the status change on the peninsula, the modernization of the health care system of the Republic of Crimea began by adapting it to modern Russian legislation. At the stage of transition, in difficult socio-political conditions, doctors were required the strict observance of the norms of international and Russian law. The author emphasizes that in the process of medical activity the doctor should be guided by the observance of ethical principles: justice, voluntariness, confidentiality and truthfulness. At the same time, according to the Federal Law “On the Fundamentals of the Protection of Citizens’ Health in the Russian Federation” (Article 71), doctors promise to be merciful, highly moral, patient, in every way to protect the health of people, helping all without discrimination, keep a medical secret, to oppose euthanasia, to respect their teachers and colleagues, to improve their professional knowledge and skills. Article 20 of the abovementioned Federal Law establishes the observance of the ethical principle of voluntariness, article 13 – confidentiality, article 22 – veracity. Observance of the principle of justice is dedicated to the Federal Law “On Compulsory Medical Insurance”. Fulfilment of these principles with a doctor is a marker of a high level of his legal conscience and professional culture in general. The multinational and multi-religious composition of the population in the Crimean Federal District points to the need for physicians to take into account the sociocultural and religious characteristics of patients. The author proceeds from the premise that high requirements to the level of training and retraining of personnel for the healthcare system of the Republic of Crimea can be realized on the condition that a single ethical and legal space is created in the territory of medical and preventive institutions of the Crimean Federal District.

Key words: bioethics, public health, Crimean federal district, modernization, legal consciousness, situational problems.

(religion philosophy)

Dobrina E. Doctrinal differences between classical Sunni Islam and the ideology of Islamism / annotation

Ekaterina A. Dobrina – postgraduate student. Southern federal university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Memories of Muslim military successes during Islams birth period strongly contrasted with the reality, where Muslim world turned to be in the colonial and postcolonial period. At that time, Muslim world was mediating about failure`s reasons when Islamism, the religion-political ideology of Islamic fundamentalism, offered its decision. Former advances confirmed the truth of Islamic religious doctrine in the religious consciousness of some Muslims, but the truth could not be the reason of recent mishaps unlike people who have committed the changes and have distorted the divine revelation. Islamists consider that socio-political crisis is a consequence of departure from truth, distortion of religious doctrine, revealed by Allah. The Muslim world needs reformation by the returning back to the pure untouched religious tradition of early ages, following of which put the time of greatness back. The doctrinal contradictions between classical religious tradition of Sunni Islam and Islamism have been investigated in the article including the divergence in mashab, taklid, idjtihad, jihad and ummah interpretations.

Key words: classical Islam, Islamism, “pure” Islam, traditional Islam, mashab, taklid, idjtihad, jihad, ummah.

Olenich T. The fight against religious extremism (on example of Iran) / annotation

Tamara S. Olenich – PhD of philosophy, professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Iran holds a specific geopolitical place in the world arena. The main focus of extremists is the Middle East region, the location of which draws the attention of all states of the world. Iran policy in the fight against terrorism in the region is an important factor of global security. This country reduces the costs of other states to fight terrorism, since Iran active concerns in the fight against terrorism undermines the expansionist potential of extremist organizations. The policy of deterring jihadists has a beneficial effect on constructive cooperation between Iran and other countries. The article examines the understanding of war and peace in Islam, according to the Qur`anic views. In Islamic principle there is no such category as "terrorism", but however Islam, being a world religion, opposes any kind of violence, unless it is caused by the need for self-defense. The article focuses on the issues of fighting against religious extremism in the Islamic Republic of Iran and in the world. The article gives concepts of categories of jihad, considers the conditions for its legitimacy based on the norms of canon law. Special attention should be paid to the main directions of Iran domestic policy on countering terrorism.

Key words: jihad, religious extremism, information space, dialogue.

(history)

Reshetnikova E., Sklyarova E., Kamalova O. Stambul and Sofia universities in the destiny of the scientist-biochemists and the doctors of the world / annotation

Eleonora A. Reshetnikova – candidate of biology, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Elena K. Sklyarova – candidate of history, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Olga N. Kamalova – candidate of philosophy, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article for the first time compares the formation features of the scientific and pedagogical staff of the Istanbul and Sofia universities in the XX century. This topic has not received comprehensive coverage in the domestic historiography on the history of medicine and pharmacy, chemistry and biochemistry. Istanbul University has firmly entered the scientific world community, especially after the scientific discoveries of the medical faculty graduate of this university A. Sandzhar. Professor of Biochemistry and Radiology A. Sandzhar in the XXIst century is one of the leading biochemists and molecular biologists of the world, whose scientific research was published at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, in the encyclopedia of molecular biology in New York. The scientist shared the Nobel Prize with a Swede and an American with the phrase “for studying the mechanisms of DNA reconstruction”, explaining the mechanisms by which the cells protect genetic information from damage. Conclusions of scientists will form the basis for the development of further ways to struggle cancer diseases. A. Sandzhar became the first graduate of the medicine faculty of Istanbul university, who received the Nobel Prize in chemistry. Professor, founder of analytical chemistry, the first president of the “Bulgaria Chemists Union” Z. Karaoglanov, who formulated one of the first equations of electrochemical kinetics, became the author of the first Bulgarian textbook on analytical chemistry, published in Sofia University, glorified the Sofia University. Professor K. S. Agadjanyants taught in the Russian Imperial University of Warsaw, Don University during the First World War, and after the Russian Revolution of 1917 and political emigration he taught at the Universities of Constantinople and Sofia. This became a factor that determined for many years the silence of scientific research about his contribution to the development of the Don and the Black Sea science universities. Professors of the Istanbul and Sofia universities perfectly mastered several foreign languages, which allowed them to work in the universities of the world. Istanbul and Sofia universities have become centers of emigration, as well as training and research activities of the world’s leading specialists in the fields of medicine and pharmacy, chemistry and biochemistry, including Nobel Prize laureates.

Key words: Sofia University, Constantinople University, Don University, Warsaw University, biochemistry, history of medicine.

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'