ISSN 2414-1143


2015. N 2

Problems of plant cultivation in the Black Sea region countries

Kvesitadze G.I., Meskhi B.Ch. Ecological potential of plants / annotation

Kvesitadze Giorgi – Ph.D. of biology, professor, president of Georgia National Academy of Sciences. Tbilisi, Georgia.
Meskhi Besarion Chokhoevich – Ph.D. of technical sciences, professor. Rector of Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

To date increasing military activities, production of chemicals, unpredictable growth of industry and transport, urbanization, the permanent increase of contamination of all biological sources by chemical compounds of toxic nature are observed. Naturally formed emission of poisonous gases, the washing of toxic elements out of ore during floods or earthquakes, formation by microorganisms toxic compounds etc. are a very little as compared with human anthropogenic contribution in environments contamination. Nowadays, there are experimental data obviously demonstrating that plants activate a definite set of biochemical and physiological processes to resist the toxic action of contaminants by using following physiological/biochemical mechanisms. Ecotechnologies based on combination of microorganisms and plants allow widening the most modern understanding of remediation potential on a scale significantly exceeding any local or even national level. Elaboration of a new ecological concept, unifying experience accumulated for last 3-4 decades and based on effective use phytoremediation/remediation (plants/microbial) joint potential should be highly beneficial for the whole world, by increasing its ecological potential.

Key words: ecology, plants, plant growing, chemical compounds, phytiremidiation.

Strelets V.D., Balabanov V.I., Vinogradova O.A. Prospects of hawthorn introduction into industrial fruit culture / annotation

Strelets Victor Dmitrievich – Ph.D. of agricultural sciences, professor of botanics dpt. Russian state agrarian university – Moscow agricultural academy named after K.A. Timiryazev. Moscow, Russia
Balabanov Viktor Ivanovich – Ph.D. of technological sciences, professor, head of technologies and machines in planting dpt. Russian state agrarian university – Moscow agricultural academy named after K.A.Timiryazev. Moscow, Russia
Vinogradova Olga Alekseevna – post-graduate student of technologies and machines in planting dpt. Russian state agrarian university – Moscow agricultural academy named after K.A. Timiryazev. Moscow, Russia.

High-yielding and large-fruited sort of hawthorn “Timiryazevets” differing from basic form with high content of rich, sweet-sour, savoury flesh was created in Russian State Agrarian University-Moscow Agrarian Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev. Besides, hawthorn berries during ripening lose their holding power with branches that allows to completely mechanize the most labour-intensive process of its gathering with a help of fruit harvesters. All this enables to introduce hawthorn into industrial culture considering its value as an important curative and nutritive breed. Research of hawthorn economic-biological peculiarities (winter hardiness, persistence to blasts, diseases, drought resistance, along with high productivity) afforded to draw rather sound conclusion about use prospects of hawthorn sort “Timiryazevts” in a quality of new fruit culture not only for amateur gardeners, but also for large-scale industrial plantings creation.

Key words: hawthorn, trees, harvest, fruits, biologically active substances, fruit-gathering harvester.

Sitnikov V.A., YunusovaO.Yu., Popov A.N., NikolaevS.Yu., PetrovM.V. Increasing of fall rye corn feeding value by hydrobarathernaltreatment / annotation

Sitnikov Vladimir Alekseevich – candidate of agricultural sciences, professor assistant. feeding and agricultural animals breeding dpt. Perm state agricultural academy. Perm, Russia.
Yunusova Olga Yurievna – candidate of biology, professor assistant, head of feeding and agricultural animals breeding dpt. Perm state agricultural academy. Perm, Russia.
Popov Andrey Nikolaevich – post-graduate student of feeding and agricultural animals breeding dpt. Perm state agricultural academy. Perm, Russia. Nikolaev Sergey Yurievich – director of “Academy of forage” Jsc. Perm state agricultural academy. Perm, Russia.
Petrov Mikhail Vasilievich – director of ACPC “Russia”. Koudymkarsky district, Perm region.

The results of production experience on hydrobarathernal treatment fall rye grain feeding are presented in the article. It is determined that after high temperature and pressure impact on fall rye grain in aqueous media dextrinization of starch specifically amylopectin occurs to monosugar in the form of glucose, therewith, sugar content increases more than in twice in comparison with parent grain. It is revealed that replacement of milled corn grain mixture to fall rye grain hydrolyzate in rations brought sugar-protein proportion to norm which contributed to increasing of cows milk production, besides, of high quality. Using of fall rye grain hydrolyzate in cow rations for 12 months on the whole gave growth of milk yield in 484 kg per a cow with protein weight fraction content of 3,0%, that is higher on 522 kg for the same interval of time in comparison with the leading farm. Replacement of milled corn grain mixture on fall rye grain hydrolyzate in cow rations did not negatively reflect on biochemical blood composition of animals. All indexes fell within the limits of standard values. Using of fall rye grain in cow rations on account of its lower selling price, despite on extra charges during hydrobarathernal treatment, led to spending reduction of fodders on 1 centner of milk on 28,03 roubles in comparison with milled corn grain mixture. Extra income at Chalino farm in comparison with Stepanovo farm for one year composed 353188 roubles that led to milk primecost reduction on 8,44% at the given farm.

Key words: grain, fall rye, water, temperature, pressure, sugar, cows, milk, fat, protein.

Features of regional culture and migration processes of the Black Sea region countries

Metreveli R.V. Ivane Javakhishvili and the Caucasus study / annotation

Metreveli Roin Viktorovich – full member-correspondent of the National Academy of science of Georgia, Ph.D. of history, professor, vice-president of National Academy of Science in Georgia, president of the National Committee of Georgian historians. Tbilisi, Georgia.

Outstanding Georgian public figure Ivane Javakhishvili was a highly miscellaneous scientist. He left rather rich heritage and was a founder of a new stage in historical studies development. Ivane Javakhishvili could raise Georgian historiography to the level of world science of his time. Ivane Javakhishvili as a true scientist considered Georgia history to be studied against the background of Caucasian and world history and required to reflect the role of Georgian people in the process of historical development. The scientist was sure that historical way of Georgian people was closely connected with history of other people and considered that the real perception of our history was possible on the ground of deep research of historical background. Study of Caucasian people history, their life and living conditions and also history of country, material culture, linguistic affinity or distinctness – is an essential condition without which research of Georgia history is unconceivable.

Key words: history, Georgia, Armenia, Ivane Javakhishvili, territory, language, linguistics.

Gritsenko G.D., MaslovaT.F. Regional features of migration processesin the Stavropol region / annotation

Gritsenko Galina Dmitrievna – Ph.D., professor. Institute of researches in social study, economics and the humanities of Southern scientific center RAS. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
Maslova Tatyana Fedorovna – Ph.D. of social study, professor of philosophy and culture study dpt. Stavropol state pedagogical institute. Stavropol, Russia.

Specificity of the Stavropol region in the context of dispersal movements discovers in the article. The Stavropol territory has always been a region where migration flows historically form a particular environment of “medley of races” attaching to a local community polyethnicity, polyreligionism and polyculture. At the turn of XX-XXI centuries dispersal movements in the Stavropol region differ with its diversity: refugees, forced migrants, labor (internal and external) migrants, labor settlers and student migration. But independent from type of migration it intensifies a number of region social problems and, first of all, in the sphere of communication: tensity between long-standing inhabitants and migrants especially representatives of other and in particular the North Caucasian ethnoses is growing. The reasons of regional instability from socioeconomic sphere move to sociocultural sphere complicating social-psychological, sensationally-emotional situation. The processes of sociocultural adaptation and integration of migrants also intensify. At the same time migration flows increase regional population that contributes to filling of vacant niches at the labor market and, consequently, positively influences on region economic potential development. Though, diversity of migration strategies complicates sociocultural situation in the region, increases a number of ethnopolitical threats that requires flexible political and administrative decisions from regulatory bodies of the region as on the boundary, so on the municipal levels.

Key words: the Stavropol territory, forced migrants, interethnic relations, labor migration.

Ten Y.P., Gudakov V.V. Symbols of the regional culture of the North Caucasus / annotation

Ten Yulia Pavlovna – Ph.D., professor of management and economics of customs service dpt. Rostov branch of Russian customs academy. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
Goudakov Vladimir Viktorovich – Doctor of History and Sociology, associated member of LADYSS, the subdivision of the National Centre of Scientific Research, France.

In this article the authors develop synthesis of axiological and symbolic approaches to the analysis of the regional culture of the North Caucasus. The culture of the North Caucasus people is represented as complex structured set of symbols. Most of the cultural symbols of people of the North Caucasus have their origins in folk mythology, folklore, religion, art and history. In the post-Soviet period search for symbols which are capable to integrate all people of the Caucasus became particularly actual. Hence, the authors refer to the results of opinion polls which can contribute to the search for new generally valid symbols of the North Caucasus.

Key words: symbol, regional culture of the North Caucasus, symbolic system of culture of the North Caucasus.

Kuzmina V.M. Features of the Russian participation in international labor migration / annotation

Kuzmina Violetta Mikhailovna – candidate of history, candidate of psychology, professor assistant of international relations and state government dpt. South-Western state university. Kursk, Russia.

The concept of “migrant” is not a simple one. Over the years numerous typologies have been produced, normally based on distance moved, time spent away or motivation. International migration in Russia began re-building, to facilitate travel abroad. The ability to convert rubles into foreign currencies, the difference in the economic situation of individual CIS republics contributed to the movement of labor and entrepreneurs across the borders of the Russian Federation.

Key words: migration, migration policy, migration management.

Kolosova O.Y., GoncharovV.N. Noosphere aspects of ecological problems / annotation

Kolosova Olga Yurievna – Ph.D., professor. Krasnodar university of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation. Stavropol, Russia.
Goncharov Vadim Nikolaevich – Ph.D., professor. North-Caucasus federal university. Stavropol, Russia.

Tendencies of global development are increasingly determined by the “Challenges of History” under the global problems requiring from humanity coordinated and extraordinary measures to ensure their right to further existence. Stochasticity, nonlinearity of historical processes is manifested in the world polycentric development, diversification of its mechanisms, need to overcome its most serious and inefficient forms - destructive crises and confrontations. Superattractor which main feature is noosphere and aesthetosphefere synthesis should be the final result of multi aspect and contradictory processes of the modern world dynamics which lie at the heart of globalization. From the perspective of synergetics, one-sided cult of order is typical for noosphere thinking and synthesis of order and freedom (“chaos”) is considered to be harmonious for aesthetosphefere thinking.

Key words: society, socio-historical evolution, synergetics, globalization, the noosphere, superattraktor.

Petrenko S.P. Application of ethnic and national terminology in research of South Russian people / annotation

Petrenko Sergey Petrovich – Ph.D., professor assistant of history dpt., faculty of history and philology. Taganrog institute of A.P. Chekhov. Taganrog, Russia.

The article raises the problems associated with the use of modern Russian scientific and political literature of the two systems of terminology, for the peoples of the world. One of them is a key concept of the term "nation", the second – "ethnic group." Each system has its own tradition of use, and their key terms should not be considered as complete synonyms "nation" and "ethnic group" (and their derivatives), they are sometimes very similar, almost identical to the concept, and sometimes have very different meanings. The author shows that this situation has arisen as a result of evolution, which has undergone during the XX century domestic Ethnology (ethnography), which did not have at the beginning of the century a clear framework of terms. One such system, "national", originated in the 1920-1950s is on the basis of Stalin`s interpretation of the nation, and included a number of concepts that reflect the appropriate representation of the time of occurrence of the nations themselves, their characteristics, etc. The second, "ethnic", formed in the 1960-1970s ethnologists developed in the framework of the theory of the ethnic group, has been widely recognized at the turn of XX - XXI centuries. The article concludes that the need to separate their areas of application: according to the author, the concept of "nation" should be used only in a political sense, to signify the totality of the citizens of Russia (or another country), and under "ethnic groups" mean peoples as a historical and cultural communities.

Key words: ethnicity, ethnic group, nation, nationality, political nation.

Volgina E.A. Formation of the image of Russia formed by foreign mass media / annotation

Volgina Ekaterina Andreevna – candidate of philology, professor assistant. Institute of philology, journalism and cross-cultural communication. Southern federal university. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

The article considers the image of Russia formed by western mass media with the help of various journalistic techniques and stylistic resources. The image of Russia is formed by western mass media through the analysis of her political-economic situation, home affairs, reforms, and the leading figures in politics and economics. The thematic unlimited range of the questions discussed by modern western mass media defines the use of various technologies of forming the required image. Among such techniques of forming the image of Russia are the contrast between the future and present of the country, subtle criticism and objection under superficial consent (the so-called fly in the ointment), a consistent and undoubtedly deliberate input of the negative factual information into the structure of the text, doubt about the reliability of a personality, the opposition of seeming and true realities, and others. The stylistic resources used for forming the image of Russia involve emotionally colored words, neutral and expressive means, verbal collocations and metaphorical expressions, epithets, repetitions, antithesis, insertions and others. The topicality of the subject discussed makes the journalists look for the ways of expressing their negative, seldom positive attitude towards Russia as well as of making a skillfully veiled impact on the readers’ mind to receive specific responses.

Key words: mass media, stylistic, resources, image, formation, positive, negative, impact, expressive, evaluation, evaluative.

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'