ISSN 2414-1143

PUBLICATION ETHICS

The reviewing policy of the network edition “Science Almanac of Black Sea Region Countries” is based on traditional ethic principles of Russian science periodicals, it is formed in accordance with ethic norms of work of editors and publishers, stated in the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and in the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers, developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

The editors` office reserves the right to reject the publication of article in case of violation of the rules provided below.

1. Duties of editors
1.1. Decision on the publication
The editor of the network edition "Science Almanac of Black Sea Region Countries" (further the journal) is responsible for making a decision on the publication of the presented material. Making a decision on the publication the editor is guided by the reliability of the provided data and the scientific importance of the presented work. The editor can be guided by the policy of editorial board of the journal, being limited by the operating legal norms concerning slander, the author`s right and plagiarism. Making a decision on the publication the editor can consult with other editors and reviewers.
1.2. Impartiality
The editor has to estimate intellectual contents of manuscripts regardless of race, gender, religious views, origin, nationality or political preferences of authors.
1.3. Confidentiality
The editor and the editorial board of the journal are obliged not to disclose without the need the information about the accepted manuscript to anybody, except for authors, reviewers and other scientific consultants.
1.4. Conflicts of interests
The editor has no right without written consent of the author to use the unpublished materials which are contained in the submitted manuscript in the own researches. The confidential information or the ideas received during the review should not be disclosed by the editor and they should not be used for getting personal benefit. The editor has to refuse consideration of manuscripts in case of the existence of the conflict of interests owing to the existence of the relations of the competition, cooperation or other interactions and relations with any of authors or other organizations connected with the presented work; in such cases he is obliged to transfer the manuscript for consideration and for reviewing to the other editor.
1.5. Actions in case of detection of a mistake in the published works
In case of detection of essential mistakes or inaccuracies in already published work the editor, if it is necessary, interacting with the publisher, is obliged to organize the fastest publication of correction, refutation or specification.
1.6. Participation in investigation of violations of ethics
In case of the ethical claims concerning the considered manuscripts or the published materials, the editors’ office together with the publisher takes the appropriate measures which generally include interaction with authors of the manuscript and the consideration of the corresponding complaint or requirement, and which can also include interaction with relevant organizations and research centers.

2. Duties of reviewers
2.1. Requirements to the manuscript and objectivity
The reviewer is obliged to give an objective assessment to the manuscript. The personal criticism of the author is unacceptable. The reviewer should offer the own opinion accurately and justifiably.
2.2. Sense of duty
The reviewer considering himself insufficiently experienced for the consideration of the manuscript or not having sufficient time for fast performance of this work, has to notify the editor of the journal and ask to exclude him from the process of review of the concrete manuscript.
2.3. Confidentiality
Any manuscript received for review has to be considered as the confidential document. It is forbidden to transfer it to any persons which have not got the authority from the editor.
2.4. Recognition of sources
In the presence of the published works corresponding to the manuscript subject but not included in the bibliography, the reviewer is obliged to specify them. The reviewer has to accompany each statement that a certain observation, a conclusion or an argument was published earlier with the corresponding bibliographic reference. The reviewer has to draw the attention of the editor to the detection of essential similarity or coincidence between the considered manuscript and any other published work which is in the sphere of scientific competence of the reviewer.
2.5. Conflicts of interests
The reviewer should not participate in consideration of manuscripts in case of the existence of the conflict of interests owing to the existence of the relations of the competition, cooperation or other interactions and relations with any of authors or other organizations connected with the presented work. The reviewer has no right without written consent of the author to use the unpublished materials which are contained in the submitted manuscript in the own researches. The confidential information or the ideas received during the review should not be disclosed by the reviewer and they should not be used for getting personal benefit.

3. Duties of authors
3.1. Requirements to manuscripts
The author of the article stating an original research has to report the reliable results of the done work and also objective discussion of the importance of the research. The data which are the cornerstone of the work should not contain mistakes. The work has to contain enough details and bibliographic references for possible reproduction. False or obviously wrong statements are regarded as unethical behavior and are unacceptable. The reviews and articles expressing professional opinion also have to be exact and objective. Articles expressing editorial opinion have to be accurately identified per se.
3.2. Originality and plagiarism
The author has to guarantee that his work is completely original and that when using works or statements of other authors the corresponding bibliographic references or quotes are given. Plagiarism can exist in many forms, from the representation of others work as author`s and copying or rephrasing of essential parts of others works (without indication of authorship) to the statement of the own rights for the results of others researches. Plagiarism in all forms is unethical behavior and it is unacceptable.
3.3. Plurality, redundancy and simultaneity of publications
Generally, the author should not publish the manuscript presenting in essence one and the same research, more than in one scientific journal intended for the publication of original researches. Submission of one and the same manuscript at the same time more than to one journal is regarded as unethical behavior and it is unacceptable. The author also should not submit for consideration any article which was earlier published in other journal.
3.4. Recognition of sources
Authors have to refer to publications which significantly affected the nature of the presented work. Information obtained in a private order, for example in a conversation, from correspondence or in the course of discussion with the third parties, should not be used or stated without clearly expressed written permission of primary source. Information obtained during rendering confidential services should not be used without obvious written permission of authors of the work performed during rendering these confidential services.
3.5. Authorship of the publication
Only those persons who made a substantial contribution to the plan, development, carrying out or interpretation of the presented research can act as authors of the publication. All those who contributed significantly, have to be specified as coauthors. If there are persons which contributed significantly to a certain aspect of the research project, they have to be specified as such. The author corresponding with the editors` office has to make sure that all participants who contributed significantly to the research are specified as coauthors and also that all coauthors got acquainted with a final version of work, approved it and agreed with its representation for the publication.
3.6. Disclosure of information and conflict of interests
All the authors are obliged to open in the manuscripts financial or other essential conflicts of interests which can be interpreted as the factors which had an impact on the results or conclusions presented in the work. All the sources of financial support of the research project have to be opened.
3.7. Essential mistakes in the published works
In case of detection of essential mistakes or inaccuracies in the publication the author has to report about it to the editor or to the publisher and to cooperate with them for the purpose of the fastest withdrawal of the publication or correction of mistakes. If the editor or the publisher received data from the third party that the publication contains essential mistakes, the author is obliged to withdraw the work or to correct mistakes as soon as possible.

4. Publisher`s duties
4.1. The publisher has to follow the principles and procedures promoting performance of ethical standards by editors, reviewers and authors of the journal in compliance with publication ethics. The publisher guarantees that potential profit on advertising or production of reprints does not influence the editors` decisions.
4.2. The publisher is obliged to give support to the editors of the journal in consideration of the claims which arose concerning ethical questions and to help to interact with other journals and/or publishers if it promotes appropriate execution by the editors of the duties.
4.3. The publisher is obliged to follow the code of the best practice and to implement the industry standards as for observance of ethical standards, the order of correction of violations and withdrawal of publications.
4.4. If it is necessary, the publisher has to provide specialized legal support in a form of consultation and preparation of the legal conclusions.

5. Loan words and plagiarism
The editorial board of the journal by consideration of article can check the material by means of the plagiarism search engines. In case of detection of numerous loan words, the editors` office works according to the COPE rules. Identification of plagiarism is also carried out within open scientific review and after the publication of manuscripts, upon the request of users. In case of detection of unauthorized loan words, the editors` office works according to the COPE. The article containing plagiarism can be withdrawn even after the publication.

6. Policy of placement of pre-prints and post-prints
In the course of submission of article or other materials to the editors` office the author needs to confirm that these materials were not published or were not accepted to the publication in other scientific journal. At the reference to the published manuscript in the network edition "Science Almanac of Black Sea Region Countries" the publishing house asks to place the reference (full URL of material) on the official site of the journal.

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'