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Basilaia M., Zharkova M. Search for new ways of ecological crisis overcoming / annotation
Mariana A. Basilaia – Ph.D., professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
To date, there is an unprecedented global environmental crisis, which literally turns into the general crisis of civilization in the eyes of the present generation, which adversely affects all spheres of life: economic, spiritual, social. The question of how to understand and find real ways to overcome this crisis today becomes extremely topical. The most common for today and often unpredictable are environmental crises and pol-lution of the anthropogenic environment, which are largely caused by anthropogenic factors, i.e. various factors caused by and conditioned by human activity. In general, the ecological crisis reflects the social cause - the antagonism of society’s relations to the country. The ecological crisis is a crisis not only and not so much the interaction of people with nature. It accompanied with the spiritual crisis – a crisis in the formation of their ecological consciousness, interaction with each other. The solution of the ecological problem must begin with the solution of the problem of “common” consciousness, activity, culture in society, the formation of responsibility for the fate of the Earth. Argumentation of the meaning of co-evolution with the biosphere consists in the fact that the man and all living things on the Earth are derivatives of nature, they are inseparable. Thus, the unity and meaning of the harmonic image of ecological existence must penetrate into the consciousness of each person. Only thank to man, the work of mankind and its biosphere function and only in alliance with man, animate nature can rise to a higher level of its organization. Any solution of global planetary issues, especially those related to the vital activity of civilization and the biosphere, must be based on the ideological origin. And only on the basis of the biosphere development logic and society as an integral part of the biosphere and its nature, mankind has the right to assess the current ecological situation and formulate plans for its operation.Overcoming the fundamental difficulties associated with non-trivial solutions to global problems of harmonic co-evolution depends on the cognitive power of science. Contemporary moral imperative and ecological harmony ideology cannot be formed without the appropriate level of society education.
Klimov P., Basilaia M. Estimation of atmospheric air pollution and health risk for Rostov-on-Don population / annotation
Petr V. Klimov – candidate of Biology, associate professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Technogenic pollution of the environment has a negative impact on the health of the population. Atmospheric air is an integral component of the environment, which is associated with the most part of health risks from environmental factors. The risk concept makes it possible to obtain a quantitative assessment of the potential and real danger to public health, implied with the levels of exposure to adverse environmental factors in the real conditions of populated areas.The purpose of the study is to assess the pollution of atmospheric air in connection with the health risk to the population of Rostov-on-Don. Monitoring of atmospheric pollution is carried out at seven fixed stations of the State Environmental Observing Service of the Rostov State Hydrometeorological Service. The average annual and maximum concentrations of eight air pollutants were analyzed. Excess ratio of admissible concentration limit and complex index of air pollution Р were used as indicators characterizing air pollution. For risk assessment, the risk of immediate action (reflex effects), chronic intoxication, and carcinogenic risk were calculated. Rostov-on-Don is a large industrial and administrative-territorial center, a transport hub.Motor transport plays the leading role in the atmospheric air pollution of the city. The atmospheric air of Rostov-on-Don is polluted above the permissible hygienic standards.The pollution level in the central part of the city, determined by the indicator P (average annual concentrations) is in 1.5 times higher than in the relatively clean Northern residential area. The risk of immediate action in the central part of the city is in 3.38 times higher, the risk of chronic intoxication is higher in 2.05 times, compared to the Northern residential community of the city. According to the results of the risk assessment on immediate action and chronic intoxication from air pollution, the most dangerous to the health of the population are suspended substances, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, phenol and formaldehyde. Chromium and formaldehyde mainly contribute to the formation of carcinogenic risks from the air pollution.