Getmanov I., Tazayan A. Coevolutional-methodological approach to cultural dialogue research / annotation
Ivan P. Getmanov – Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
The term “coevolution” is usedfor identification of mutually conditioned elements alterations, acting as an integral system. Development is the vector of these changes. Thus, the coevolutionary approach makes it possible to study the natural mechanisms of the living systems complication. The authors follow mainly this methodological orientation, exploring cultural interaction and environment, in other words–coevolution way. Coevolutionary approach, without denying deterministic character of living systems development, pays special attention to occasionalities, which are considered to be the irremovable factors. Since the mechanism of the origin and coordination of the elements interaction involves occasionality, the system development takes an emergent character.This approach concludes the fact that acceptation of uncertainty factor does not influence the result of the particles joint variability – the variability forms are more productive methods of the entire elements collaboration. Historically developing images of cultures are viewed as the result of coevolution – on the one hand, as the interaction of cultures leading to mutual enrichment, on the other, in the context of natural environmental conditions that form some of their unique features. Coevolutionary methodology demonstrates a theoretical resource that explains the unity and difference of cultures, their transformation. The historical context of the cultures dialogue is presented as a coevolutionary process, the modern mechanisms of which promote convergence and integration of cultures, which replace the process of their evolutionary differentiation – divergence.
Ivan P. Getmanov System-Synergetic View on The Problem of Cultural Evolution / annotation
Ivan P. Getmanov – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
The article develops the idea of cultural evolution and coevolution of cultures. The author applies an evolutionary-synergetic approach to substantiate his views. The notion of cultural attractor is used to justify the idea of coevolutionary unification of cultures. The patterns of cultural development are such that subse-quent cultures are influenced by previous cultures. Humanity is in captivity of both ancient and new myths. The process of unification of cultures goes through a chaotic state, through periods of increasing entropy of social systems and national-ethnic cultures. The drama of cultural evolution lies in the fact that the mutual influence of cultures is not symmetrical. For the last two centuries, Western civilization has dominated in the socio-political, scientific and technical, and information technology fields. This has determined its dominance in the world. It is noted that different nations may dominate different areas of public life. It is also alleged that the acceleration of information processes and the formation of global information networks inevitably level the cultural differences of peoples. Three levels of coevolution of cultures are distinguished, each of which includes interactions between cultures simultaneous, one-space, different in time and different in space.