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Daudov R. Formation of spiritual and moral values in modern Chechen Republic / annotation

Ramzan Kh. Daudov – senior lecturer. Chechen state university. Grozny, Russian Federation.

In modern Chechen Republic a special concept is formulated. It includes the spiritual and moral education of the younger generation. This concept promotes the development of such fundamental values as patriotism, religiosity and traditionalism. Having gone through many trials and difficulties throughout history, the Chechen people have come to a peaceful and prosperous way of life. Of course, this is largely due to the successful policies of such statesmen as the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin and Akhmad-Hadzhi Kadyrov, whose way to this day is being continued by his son, the head of the Chechen Republic, Ramzan Akhmatovich Kadyrov. To form true values in the republic, all representatives of the government, the clergy and the people themselves are involved. The presence in the world of such trends as Islamic modernism and traditionalism also influenced the formation of the spiritual and moral values of Chechen society. From many sources it is known that representatives of traditionalism advocate the preservation of those values that were still in the time of the Prophet Muhammad (the beginning of the VII century). Otherwise, representatives of modernism believe that it is necessary to adapt traditional values in the modern world. Modern Chechen Republic copes brilliantly with the problem of opposites, thanks to the well-coordinated work of all branches of power and the clergy. All this is due to the unified concept of spiritual and moral education, in which every citizen of the republic takes part directly. The close and effective interaction of the clergy and various branches of power in the Chechen Republic, and to this day, gives its positive results in the formation of a civil society responsible for its destiny. Much attention is paid to the formation of spiritual and moral values, special attention is given to the younger generation of Chechen Republic, for the preservation of a given pace for the future. Great emphasis is placed on the literacy and education of the population. Since it is precisely uneducated people who most often succumb to provocations from extremism and radicalism. To date, the Chechen people, who have missed military conflicts through their own destiny on the basis of religion and nationality, are perfectly adapted and set up to prevent past mistakes and preserve peace in the republic. The concept of spiritual and moral upbringing and development of the Chechen Republic is a kind of yardstick combining true and unshakable values in which the Chechen code of honor "nokhchalla" is emphasized. The word "nokhchalla" is not translated into any other language, but every Chechen knows perfectly what it means. This is a kind of a set of rules, unwritten anywhere, concerning ethics and morality that has been guiding true Chechens from early times.

Denilkhanova R., Daudov R. Transformation of the Concept "National Interests" in the Context of Globalization / annotation

Radima H. Denilkhanova – Candidate of philosophical sciences, associate professor of Department of Philosophy, Chechen State University, Grozny, Russian Federation.
Ramzan H. Daudov – Senior lecturer of Department of Philosophy Chechen State University, Chechen State University, Grozny, Russian Federation.

The article is a study of the national interests of the state through the prism of impact factors on their definition and priorities for the country`s development at the present stage; a broader understanding of national state interests that are of great importance in the life of society and affect the economic development of the country is given; it is emphasized that the doctrine of national interest still relies on the value-normative positions and ideologies of states even during intensively developing globalization processes, the nation is both the starting point of the formation of the state, and the expression of a more complete, comprehensive life force, creative source, socially important for society and the individual aspects; it is pointed out that due to the contradictions of the interests of different States there are big conflicts, but in international relations they are most commonly caused by inaccurate and/or incomplete certain and incorrectly perceived interests of the nation or taken measures of national security.

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