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Berkovskiy V., Tronina L. Social and Historical Aspect of Interaction of Ethnic Culture and Personality in the Context of Public Development / annotation

Vyacheslav A. Berkovskiy – candidate of sociological sciences, associate professor. Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russia.
Larisa A. Tronina – doctor of philosophy, professor. Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russia.

In philosophy, cultural studies and pedagogy, the concept «culture» is considered as a phenomenon of social life, as a specific way of activity, including the process of creative individuality and uniqueness of the individual as a subject. Culture is reviewed as knowledge characterizing various historical epochs, ethnic groups, spheres of life activity, informing about the level of development of society, about the creative forces and abilities of a person, expressed in the types and forms of organization of life and activity of people, their mutual relations in society. There are two spheres of culture: the material and the spiritual. Material culture includes the objective results of human activities; spiritual culture combines those phenomena that are associated with consciousness, with the intellectual and emotional-psychological activity of man. Material and spiritual culture are in organic unity, integrating into a certain single type of culture, which is historically variable, at each new stage of its development, inherits all the most valuable created by the previous culture.The psychological aspect of the phenomenon of culture is interconnected with the problem of objective and subjective in becoming a person and is studied in connection with human life on the basis of the active assimilation of social forms of consciousness and behavior. Mental processes are considered in the context of the relationship of man with the world of culture.Culture is a syncretic phenomenon, a background for harmonious relations of man with nature, society and himself, the synthesis of material and spiritual values, a necessary condition for a harmonious relationship with the outside world and ensuring a civilized future. Culture, permeating the entire vital activity of society, is one of the components of the generalized criterion of a specific historical being. This is a specific way of life activity in the unity and diversity of historically developed forms.

Berkovskiy V., Leonova N., Tronina L. Historical Forms of Ethnic Identity in the Context of the Development of Contemporary Art / annotation

Vyacheslav A. Berkovskiy – Ph.D. in Sociology, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Natalya A. Leonova – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Larisa A. Tronina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The field of ethnography is extremely broad, nevertheless, conditionally it is possible to distinguish two classes of objects of this science depending on its attitude to its material. The first class of such objects includes spontaneous ethnic processes or processes which have taken place in the past, and the second class includes ethnic processes which by their nature, involve a certain social regulation. In the first case, the task of ethnography consists in scientific study of facts and maximum complete reconstruction of the past ethnic cultures, in the second its task is not exhausted by research and theoretical reconstruction of the activities of ethnic groups, although, of course, the creation of theories is the first task for any science. In society, ethnography is increasingly faced with the task of exercising, within the limits of its competence, a socio-technological, regulatory function. Increasing the efficiency of carrying out socio-technological or already socio-pedagogical tasks by ethnography significantly actualizes the problem of further clarification and enrichment of its framework of categories and concepts, of mobilization for this purpose of theoretical and cognitive means of other disciplines (social psychology, literature, linguistics).

Smagina M., Tronina L. Problems of Preservation and Transmission of Domestic Traditional Culture: Philosophical Analysis / annotation

Maria V. Smagina – Ph.D. in Sociology, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Larisa A. Tronina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

In a traditional society, culture performed many complex functions; the leading one was the reproduction of a traditional collectivist personality. The whole society in the process of its existence reproduced this very culture: in labor, holiday, and everyday life. A significant role in this process was played by the ability to read, translate symbolic, symbolic information into senses. That is, performing a ceremony, singing songs, placing a certain pattern or embroidery, the representative of a traditional society should always have a clear idea: why exactly this action is necessary at the moment, which sign is male and which is female. With the violation of the integrity of the traditional society, a change in lifestyle, the traditional division of responsibilities, the whole cultural landscape is changing. The meanings that were invested in rituals and objects are lost, transformed sometimes even by the next generation of cultural bearers. It, like a mirror, reflects all the modernization processes that society has experienced. The root, structural parts of the culture are also preserved in it. In this regard, the question arises, which part of the culture preserves broadcast and presents to the young generation? This dispute has repeatedly arisen among professionals and there is no unambiguous answer to it. This is connected with historical difficulties, with those severe shocks that Russian society suffered.

Goncharov V., Tronina L., Khokhlova E. Socio-Philosophical Analysis of Labour Traditions: Ethnocultural Aspect of the Study / annotation

Vadim N. Goncharov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Larisa A. Tronina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Elena A. Khokhlova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

In the development of modern society, organizational and ideological educational activities are important. Successful realization of economic and social development is impossible without taking into account human factor, in particular skills and knowledge of people, their production experience. Therefore, cultural, economic and everyday traditions are now gaining real significance, especially in different regional conditions. The increasing interest in folk culture is determined not only by the needs of the spiritual sphere, but also by the practical conditionality and vitality of folk labor traditions. This creates the need to study cultural and historical experience of the people and their practical application. The range of problems related to labor traditions is very wide. Some of them are important for the whole country, while others have regional specifics. Domestic researchers consider labor traditions as a constantly operating element of folk culture, concentrating collective experience transmitted from generation to generation. Under the influence of socio-economic and economic changes, some of them become anachronism and die off, while others, transforming, retain their significance. Some of them are secondary forms generated by new production and living conditions, by both previous and new labor experience.

Vyacheslav A. Berkovskiy, Larisa A. Tronina, Aleksander A. Volkov Socio-Philosophical Analysis of Lifestyle in the Context of Ethnocultural Traditions / annotation

Vyacheslav A. Berkovskiy – Ph.D. in Sociology, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Larisa A. Tronina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Aleksandr A. Volkov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Psychology, Professor, North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

Lifestyle is a historical category that characterizes the real functioning life activities of people in the past, present and future. The way of life includes all forms of life activities of people, individuals, groups, societies. Currently, the concept of lifestyle is designed to reflect the degree of development of this society, the dynamics of living standards, and the harmonious development of the individual most comprehensively. The way of life of the vast majority of modern families is determined by the employment of spouses in public production. Various types of lifestyle development in the context of ethnocultural traditions are analyzed. Possible ways of using ethnocultural traditions of labour education and improving the domestic sphere of lifestyle of the modern family have been identified. It has been shown that for the vast majority of families, the problems caused by the well-known double industrial and family activities are relevant. One of the important problems in this aspect solved on a state scale is the improvement of the level of development and further specialization of the public service sector, the purpose of which is to meet the growing demands of the population in various forms of service, facilitate work, create better recreational conditions. However, although as a result of this important social objective, activities in the family may be minimized, the uneven burden in the domestic sphere may persist until the rational distribution of work among all family members becomes the norm of intra-family relations.

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