Polina Y. Fedotova – acting rector, candidate of sociological sciences. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
The factors that have a direct impact on the positive intercultural dialogue of the peoples of Dagestan are analyzed. Being a multinational republic, Dagestan has a rather high degree of ethnocultural tolerance. In the historical context in Dagestan, developed the fundamental ideas of commonality and identity, including linguistic. In addition, over the long-term cohabitation and interaction of cultures among the peoples of Dagestan, numerous common elements have emerged in material culture, economic structure, in clothing, dishes and, of course, in traditions and customs. It is shown that in matters of constructive intercultural dialogue, it is of great importance to observe the equality of all represented ethnic groups. The peoples of Dagestan (Avars, Dargins, Laks, Kumyks, etc.) have a very similar psychological image, which largely contributes to the successful communication of ethnic groups and understanding of each other as a whole. This factor determines the similarity in attitude, which can also be attributed to the advantages of positive intercultural dialogue. One of the conditions for the prevention of interethnic tension, the increase of interethnic understanding between representatives of different cultures is minimization of negative and actualization of the existing positive ethnic stereotypes.
Hiyasova S., Mustafaeva M., Fedotova P. The Important Characteristics of the Dagestan National Art Culture of the 20th Century / annotation
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
The study reveals the potential of the artistic culture of the peoples of Dagestan in the XX century. This culture is of great historical value and scientific interest, because the history of the development of the artistic culture of the peoples of Dagestan is one of the important aspects of the historical, cultural and socio-political development of the republic. The indicated problem is not well understood. The article is one of the first attempts at a systematic analysis of culture as an experience in the dialogue of imaginative thinking, emotions, and the interaction of people. It is known that the cultural process is impossible without the restoration and study of the names and ideas of prominent representatives of the cultural heritage. As a result, the study is saturated with the names of famous artists, sculptors, poets and writers, playwrights. They made an invaluable contribution to the treasury of the national art culture of Dagestan. With these names, the traditions of national culture and thought return to us. Dagestan art culture of the twentieth century is represented by almost all areas of culture - from professional theater to opera, from architectural schools to postmodern searches in art and painting, and this is an objective result based on the real content and results of many years of efforts to develop national cultures.