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Gritsenko G.D., MaslovaT.F. Regional features of migration processesin the Stavropol region / annotation

Gritsenko Galina Dmitrievna – Ph.D., professor. Institute of researches in social study, economics and the humanities of Southern scientific center RAS. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
Maslova Tatyana Fedorovna – Ph.D. of social study, professor of philosophy and culture study dpt. Stavropol state pedagogical institute. Stavropol, Russia.

Specificity of the Stavropol region in the context of dispersal movements discovers in the article. The Stavropol territory has always been a region where migration flows historically form a particular environment of “medley of races” attaching to a local community polyethnicity, polyreligionism and polyculture. At the turn of XX-XXI centuries dispersal movements in the Stavropol region differ with its diversity: refugees, forced migrants, labor (internal and external) migrants, labor settlers and student migration. But independent from type of migration it intensifies a number of region social problems and, first of all, in the sphere of communication: tensity between long-standing inhabitants and migrants especially representatives of other and in particular the North Caucasian ethnoses is growing. The reasons of regional instability from socioeconomic sphere move to sociocultural sphere complicating social-psychological, sensationally-emotional situation. The processes of sociocultural adaptation and integration of migrants also intensify. At the same time migration flows increase regional population that contributes to filling of vacant niches at the labor market and, consequently, positively influences on region economic potential development. Though, diversity of migration strategies complicates sociocultural situation in the region, increases a number of ethnopolitical threats that requires flexible political and administrative decisions from regulatory bodies of the region as on the boundary, so on the municipal levels.

Key words: the Stavropol territory, forced migrants, interethnic relations, labor migration.

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