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Bermus A. E.V. Bondarevskaya (01.01.1931 – 28.05.2017): Experiments of Reconstruction of Biography / annotation
Alexander G. Bermus – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Pedagogy, Professor, Head of the Chair, department of Education and Pedagogical Sciences, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation. Russian Federation.
This article is one of the first experiments in reconstructing of the scientific biography of one of the most famous figures in Russian pedagogical science, doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor, academician of the Russian Academy of Education, honored teacher of the Russian Federation Evgenia Bondarevskaya. The main stages of her biography are comprehended: from birth (1931) till the beginning of work in the Rostov State Pedagogical Institute (1958), then the period of active professional growth until 1991, the period of the highest professional recognition (1991-2011) and the period of late methodological research and completion of a professional career (2011-2017). The most characteristic for the period of professional growth of E.V. Bondarevskaya was the idea of moral education of a person, overcoming the contradictions between the unity of requirements for students within the school and the individual ways of their personal development, the development of the teacher’s pedagogical culture as the leading subject organizing the educational process. In the future, these ideas are transformed into the concepts of student-centered education and the upbringing of a person`s culture, morality and harmoniously developed personality. A separate direction of the scientific work of E.V. Bondarevskaya in recent years has been the development of a “humanitarian methodology” – a system of scientific and philosophical ideas about education and a person’s place in it, which allows for meaningful design and reflection of educational practices in a changing social and cultural reality, successfully pairing individual processes of personal growth and global historical transformations. At the end of the article, perspective lines of development of the main ideas of her scientific work are considered. Thus, the ideas of a personal approach and personality-oriented pedagogy are transformed over time into the philosophical and cultural anthropology of childhood and the preparation of teachers for the development and implementation of varied cultural and anthropological practices; the ideas of educational complexes (clusters) will lead to the deployment of network projects for the profiling of general education and the modernization of pedagogical practices, the formation of unified educational environments and support projects for young teachers. Finally, the project of the universalization of teacher education will be associated with the development and implementation of modern corporate standards in assessing professional achievements, changing the content and structure of educational programs in the direction of increasing their competitiveness and combining scientific and educational components, as well as increasing the importance of international research and projects.