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Rupiya I. Bachieva, Marin Sh. Ramazanova, Rashiya I. Isaeva Linguistic Competence and Language Code of The New Turkish Language / annotation
Rupiya I. Bachieva – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Turkish was spoken in vast territories stretching from the modern territory of Mongolia to the northern coast of the Black Sea, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, Anatolia, Iraq and the vast territory of northern Africa. Turkish was in contact with various languages that are not identical in origin. For this reason, there was mutual influence and borrowing between these languages and the Turkish language, which are the inevitable consequence of such a long contact. The population of areas where the language was long-spread, as well as of nearby territories which were under its influence in various historical periods, gradually formed and transmitted various dialects and accents from generation to generation. The entire history of the existence of the Turkish people language can be represented by three main groups: Old Turkish (from the 7th to the 13th centuries), Middle Turkish (from the 13th to the 20th centuries) and New Turkish, starting from the 20th century. The fact that the New Turkish language has its own phonetic, morphological and syntactic structures and a rich vocabulary makes it possible to consider it as a cultural and social phenomenon through the concept of the national connection of the Turkish people and linguistic competence as a system of linguistic knowledge possessed by native speakers of the Turkish language.