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Strelets V.D., Balabanov V.I., Vinogradova O.A. Prospects of hawthorn introduction into industrial fruit culture / annotation

Strelets Victor Dmitrievich – Ph.D. of agricultural sciences, professor of botanics dpt. Russian state agrarian university – Moscow agricultural academy named after K.A. Timiryazev. Moscow, Russia
Balabanov Viktor Ivanovich – Ph.D. of technological sciences, professor, head of technologies and machines in planting dpt. Russian state agrarian university – Moscow agricultural academy named after K.A.Timiryazev. Moscow, Russia
Vinogradova Olga Alekseevna – post-graduate student of technologies and machines in planting dpt. Russian state agrarian university – Moscow agricultural academy named after K.A. Timiryazev. Moscow, Russia.

High-yielding and large-fruited sort of hawthorn “Timiryazevets” differing from basic form with high content of rich, sweet-sour, savoury flesh was created in Russian State Agrarian University-Moscow Agrarian Academy named after K.A. Timiryazev. Besides, hawthorn berries during ripening lose their holding power with branches that allows to completely mechanize the most labour-intensive process of its gathering with a help of fruit harvesters. All this enables to introduce hawthorn into industrial culture considering its value as an important curative and nutritive breed. Research of hawthorn economic-biological peculiarities (winter hardiness, persistence to blasts, diseases, drought resistance, along with high productivity) afforded to draw rather sound conclusion about use prospects of hawthorn sort “Timiryazevts” in a quality of new fruit culture not only for amateur gardeners, but also for large-scale industrial plantings creation.

Key words: hawthorn, trees, harvest, fruits, biologically active substances, fruit-gathering harvester.

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