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Shumenko M.A., Kamalov A.V. Ethnic migrants adaptation problem to the recipient culture / annotation

Shumenko Marina Anatolievna – candidate of philosophy, senior scientific worker. Southern federal university. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.
Kamalov Artem Vitalievich – student of management and entrepreneurship dpt. Rostov state university of economics. Rostov-on-Don, Russia.

It is considered relevant aspects of adaptation problem of migrants to the recipient culture. Cultural adaptation is the adaptation of social groups and individuals to the changing natural and geographic conditions of life by means of stereotype changing of consciousness and behavior, forms of social organization and regulation, norms and values, lifestyle, ways of life provision, directions and technologies of activity. Modern researchers distinguish active and passive forms of adaptation, short-termed and long-termed, analyze inner (psychological) and extra sides of adaptation, successful and unsuccessful (low). It has been analyzed stages of migrants adaptation (G. Triandis); levels of psychological adaptation (F.B. Berezin); presented the model of foreign culture penetration, kinds of cultural differences of D.M. Bennet; considered types of adaptation at the individual level by L.V. Yanovsky; factors, determining the success of cross-cultural adaptation (M.Y. Orlova). It is defined the peculiarities of modern ethnic migration, its specificity in information epoch.

Key words: culture, migration, ethnic migrants, cultural adaptation, society.

Petrova Y., Lebesheva A., Kamalov A. Development of Tourism in the Crimea as an Economic Problem of the Region / annotation

Yulia A. Petrova – Candidate of philosophical sciences, associate professor of foreign languages for economic specialties. Rostov state university of economics. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Anastasia A. Lebesheva – student, Rostov state university of economics. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Artem V. Kamalov – Master student, Rostov state university of economics. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Due to the inclusion of the Republic of Crimea into the structure of the Russian Federation the importance of studying of the tourist sector`s state and development in a new territorial subject of Russia does not raise doubts. Modern global trends speak about the global scale of tourism development. Today tourism is one of the most important factors of the development of mutual understanding between ethnic groups and peoples and it also makes the significant contribution to the prosperity of many countries of the world. In this regard, the assessment and characterization of the problems of development of tourist activity in the Republic of Crimea takes the powerful and independent place in the course of development and realization of strategy of national economy management. The history of recreational development of the Crimea and the documents which were accepted and revised are mentioned in our article. The purposes and the main directions of tourism development in the region are also stated in this article. One of the main tasks in the development of tourism in the region nowadays is the attraction of investments for the development of the infrastructure base of tourism and the ensuring of the quality of tourist service at the level of the world standards. In addition, there is a problem of a high level of shadow economy because of the non-payment of taxes by the citizens having a private ownership for use by tourists. Moreover, it should be noted that the economy of the Crimea is influenced by the seasonality of tourism which slows down the peninsula development in cold season because of the low tourist flow. Of course, the development and realization of comfortable conditions for investors is needed for the investment attraction. Thus, investigating this article the readers learn about a number of problems of the tourism development in the Crimea and methods of their solving.

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