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Buttayeva A.M. Research of social and cultural role and importance of Islamic education in Dagestan / annotation
Buttayeva Asiyat Magomedovna – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Dagestan state university of national economy. Makhachkala, Dagestan.
Prospects of development of any country are determined not so much by achievements in some certain areas, technologies, but much depend on the effectiveness of innovative mechanisms of interaction in the society of political, cultural, spiritual and religious values, etc. In this process, the role of politics, religion, effectiveness of the mechanism of interaction between different parties and religions, based on the predominance of the spiritual component is very important. Today, there are people working in the field of dissemination of religious knowledge. The attitude towards those who try to spread religious knowledge, who tries to influence public opinion, creating an image of this or that religion, in particular, Islam in recent years seriously changed. In this situation the question of whether the objective religious knowledge is possible in general, isn`t academic. This is a question about what is the future of Islam, at least in Russia, in the society, which is now formed in it. Certainly, before us immediately rise a lot of problems concerning the admissible and tolerant relations between personal, social and religious values. These problems can be disclosed only in specific spiritual searches, but not resolved once and for all during single discussion. The purpose of this article is social-philosophical analysis of the current situation in the system of Islamic religious education in the republics of the North Caucasus, in particular the modern Dagestan. Research of social and cultural role and importance of Islamic education in the North Caucasus and its republics, as well as its ontological and epistemological aspects seems topical and urgent necessity for today. And also to unambiguously estimate the role and importance of Islamic education in the North Caucasus republics, its possibilities and perspectives is simply impossible. One thing is clear - the religious literacy of the population, as well as secular, is necessary for any civilized society as a guarantee of interfaith tolerance, as a condition of activity in a multicultural, multiethnic environment, a stable barrier against radical views.
Key words: religion, education, Islam, religious literacy, extremism, terrorism, government, humanistic education.
Buttayeva A., Aslanov A., Suleimanova Z. Intercultural Relations as A Dialogue of Confessions in Social Space and Cyberspace of Multicultural Russia / annotation
Asiyat M. Buttayeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
The dialogue of confessions in the context of intercultural relations certainly plays a special role in the history of the world civilization in general, and in particular of countries with a multicultural and multi-confessional component. Therefore, now, in the period of globalization, one of the main tasks of modern Russian society is to preserve multicultural and multi-confessional historical heritage of all the peoples of Russia, to prevent possible conflicts, and to create an atmosphere of respect for cultural values in society. The study addresses the problem of a dialogue of cultures in the traditional “dimension” and in “cyberspace”. It is noted that the idea of a dialogue as a form of intercultural interaction makes it possible to consider the problems of inter-confessional relations in the system of culture. The attempt is made to determine the name of the digital environment – “cyberworld”, and to introduce it into scientific circulation as a philosophical category for denoting the digital environment. An approach to understanding intercultural relations as a dialogue of confessions is proposed, which allows us to consider religion as a unifying factor of cultures. Digitalization promotes a dialogue both inter-confessional and intercultural, creating an additional environment – a cyber world with an intensive speed of information flow; to avoid assimilation of religions in the flow of information in cyberspace, cross-cultural and religious literacy is necessary. Religion is a factor that unites cultures and which consolidates in the inter-confessional dialogue, both in social and in cyberspace.