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Ilyasova R.S. Culturological aspect of the linguistic personality study / annotation

Ilyasova Raisa Saitkhasanovna – candidate of philology, professor assistant. Chechen state university, Grozny, Russia.

The article reveals the content of the concept "language person", which is becoming more widespread in linguistics, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics and culture. The focus is accentuated on the analysis of alternative theories, including the theory of language personality, communication models and discourse. Since antiquity, the problem of "language and identity" evoked interest of linguists. The European linguistics arose when considering social nature of language, the relation of language and speech, language and the individual. The decisive role in the culture belongs to the values of the nation, which belongs to language and culture, and these values are the concepts of meaning. Chechen people culture is distinctive and unique. The main thing we can say on the interaction in the last century prevails with a rich Russian culture, Russian language and literature of the peoples. Through these connections occur mutual enrichment and mutual culture of different nations, the formation of specific cultural archetypes, and in the case of the intensity and duration of cultural interaction – the formation of cultural communities that have a supra-national and denominational character. It is stated that cultural identity enables the Chechen people to keep and carry through the centuries their ethnic identity and originality, cultural codes, which are open through spiritual mysteries and treasures of distant ancestors, fill them with new meaning and ideas, according to the time. The article emphasizes that in the language of the individual it is prevailing philosophic, sociological and psychological views on socially significant set of physical and intellectual property rights. The author concludes that the study of language at the intersection of different fields determines the complexity and ambiguity of approaches to the definition, structure, criteria and description of this concept.

Key words: communication, language personality, national character, identity, the Chechen people, linguaculture.

Ilyasova R. Language as ethnic value (on the Chechen language example) / annotation

Raisa S. Ilyasova – candidate of philology, associate professor. Chechen state university. Grozny, Russian Federation.

It is considered the development of the Chechen language in the context of globalization. The ways of expanding the sociolinguistic functions of the language are analyzed. The Chechen language along with other languages of Russian peoples, as is known, is classified as a minority. But there is a reason to believe that most of the signs of extinction of languages are not applicable to the Chechen language: the number of Chechens is 1.5 million, the concise living of the population in rural areas (more than 70%), the mono-nationality of the republic, language learning in kindergartens, school, university, theater, a highly developed theater and stage, mass publication of newspapers, magazines, art works, the translation of films into their native language, creation of original Chechen films. In recent decades, the problem of expanding the use of the written form of the Chechen language has been actualized. Especially in this regard, it is important to address the problem of the transfer to the Chechen language of primary school education in conditions of a mono-ethnic population of the republic with a population of one and a half million people. This problem was widely discussed ten years ago, but now it is raised more rarely. There is not much hope that it will be resolved in favor of the Chechen language (and in favor of the languages of the peoples of Russia as a whole in the country) according to the steps taken by the State Duma and federal agencies to restrict the functions of the languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, even the languages of titular nations in the corresponding national State formations on the territory of the federal Russian state. Especially indicative in this respect is the draft law on the study of native languages on a voluntary basis, and in fact – the assignment to the relevant subjects – the native language and literature of optional status in educational standards and in curricula.
However, this has not happened yet and there is a weak hope that ethnophobic forces will not prevail and the tendency of a balanced national-Russian bilingualism and national and cultural diversity in our country will develop further with the preservation of the conditions for the preservation and development that have developed over the past two to three decades native languages of non-Russian ethnoses of Russia. In the Chechen Republic, this trend manifested itself, for example, that over the past 20-25 years, the oral form of the use of the Chechen language has significantly expanded its base: in contrast to the Soviet period, at the level of government, ministries, departments, and district administrations, etc.

Ilyasovа R. Language Personality in the Context of Interaction of Language and Culture / annotation

Raisa S. Ilyasovа – Candidate of Philology, associate professor of the Department of General Linguistics of Chechen State University. Grozny, Russian Federation.

This article discusses the linguistic personality - the phenomenon that is undoubtedly social, but it also has an individual aspect. The linguistic personality is a concrete person with his own consciousness, free will, his complex inner world and individual attitude to the environment. Culture identity allows the ethnos to preserve and carry through its centuries its ethnic identity and originality, cultural codes that, through the millennia, rediscover the spiritual secrets and treasures of distant ancestors for the descendants fill them with new meanings and ideas consistent with time. The universality of culture allows people to find a common language of communication and cultural interaction with other nations, primarily neighboring ones, their place in the cultural spectrum of a multinational state. The cultural isolation of a people leads to the degeneration of its culture, the loss of identity - to cultural assimilation. Today, a linguistic person is understood as a specific speaker of a language capable of understanding, creating and reproducing texts, it is a person who is able, based on the analysis of the texts produced by her, to reflect the vision of the surrounding reality.The doctrine of the linguistic personality is developed by means of the scientific paradigm, which is accompanied by the use of various methods, techniques, methods of research of language material. In each case, their choice is determined by goals and objectives.It is established that each such personality is formed on the basis of the acquisition by a particular person of all the linguistic wealth created by predecessors. The language of a particular person still consists of general and individual language features.

Ilyasovа R. Language Personality in the Conditions of the Chechen-Russian Bilingualism / annotation

Raisa S. Ilyasovа – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Chechen State University, Grozny, Russian Federation.

Migration processes play a significant role in the socio-economic and demographic development of Russia. Over the past 20 years, the migration increase in the country`s population has largely compensated for more than half of the natural decline in the population of the Russian Federation. However, in addition to external migration, internal migration has also become a subject of close attention – population movements between regions of the country, which is associated with its growing influence on the possibilities for the development of the population not only in individual settlements and cities, but also entire regions. Thus, in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, during the Soviet period, migration did not have any significant effect on the demographic situation. But with the collapse of the USSR, migration processes dramatically intensified. The development of negative trends in the demographic sphere of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, observed in the period 1992-2008 were caused by factors of interethnic instability, threats of terrorist acts and military actions in the Chechen Republic and the near abroad. By 2012, these factors were, in principle, leveled, but the flow of people leaving the region did not stop, which actualizes studies of other factors leading to the migration of the population of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania to other regions. It is considered that migration processes are a characteristic of population mobility, reflecting its ability and readiness to change social status, professional affiliation and place of residence. Migration processes characterizing labor mobility of the population are caused by the needs of economy in the work of a certain content and also by the ability and readiness of the personality to changes in the essential characteristics of work. At the same time, the situation on the national, regional or local labor market is a factor affecting the parameters, nature and direction of migration. The article shows that the main reason for the negative migration processes in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in recent years has been the unfavorable situation in the labor market and growing unemployment among educated youth.

Ilyasovа R. Ethno-Cultural Component of Bilingualism in the Chechen Republic under Conditions of Real Monoethnicity / annotation

Raisa S. Ilyasovа – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Chechen State University, Grozny, Russian Federation.

Most sociolinguistic works devoted to the problem draw attention to the fact that the main factors affecting the language situation are the social conditions of language functioning. They determine both the level of development of the language and the prospects for its preservation and development. In this regard, the following points can be noted about the linguistic situation prevailing in the Chechen Republic, the level and quality of the Chechen-Russian bilingualism in the past and present. The Chechen language in the past, like many other Caucasian languages, was used verbally and existed in the form of living dialects. Religious, philosophical, fiction, scientific and educational literature was published in the Chechen language later. Works of oral folklore, annals, chronicles were recorded, clerical work, training, private correspondence, etc. were conducted. The research results show a clear dependence of the level of the Russian language proficiency on education, age and socio-demographic affiliation. Recently, for example, there has been a clear age tendency among Chechens to switch to Russian as a language of communication, which is precisely connected with the migration process, more precisely, with relocation to other Russian cities due to the war. It can be concluded that the third generation of Chechens who migrated to the Russian cities will be active bilinguals with a predominant knowledge of the Russian language: for example, if the first generation of migrants understands and speaks Chechen, then the second usually only understands, but does not speak (or speaks poorly), and accordingly their children, the third generation will neither understand nor speak Chechen, because people do not speak Chechen with them. The Russian language as a means of interethnic communication is an objective phenomenon. But it should not be accompanied by the displacement of native languages from the sphere of use by the narrowing of their functions and the inhibition of their structural development due to destructive national-language policies. A reasonable, appropriate combination of bilingualism components is needed.

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