ISSN 2414-1143


2017. N 2

Ethnocultural features of Black sea region countries development

Akaev V. Formation of the civil nation in Russia: dynamics from local to all-Russian form of identity / annotation

Vakhit Akaev – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Chief scientific worker of Comprehensive research institute of Russian academy of science, academician of Academy of science in Chechen Republic, expert of Russian academy of science. Grozny, Russian Federation.

The formation features of the Russian civil nation are seen as a strengthening factor of the multinational Russian people unity, defined in the Russian Constitution as a carrier of sovereignty and the only source of power. The problematization of the interethnic relations improvement in the country at the present stage is actualized by the need for theoretical understanding of the possibility creating “theRussian nation law” in Russia. This issue has debatable, ambiguous nature; many national researchers are against the development and adoption of such a law. Opinions are expressed that in the national state policy, the improvement of interethnic relations in Russia, the resource of economic, political, cultural development of the multinational Russian people is not over. Many things in the nations and nationalities development, solid formation of local and ethnic, regional values, forms of identity should be realized in various regions of the country. There is a multi-level character of the all-Russian identity, which should be taken into consideration in the course of its formation. The development of the all-Russian identity as the foundation for the Russian civil nation formation is represented on the basis of strengthening, development of such ethno-cultural diversity.

Key words: ethnos, ethnic identity, all-Russian identity, nation, civil political nation, law and nations

Mustafaeva G., Mustafaev M. Role of ethno-confessional factor in international communication inregions of traditional islam spread / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. of Philosophy, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. of Philosophy, associate professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.

The religious factor role in the space of Russian civilization is considered. Recently ethno-confessional factor began playing the significant role in the social and socially-political life not only of Russian people, but the whole world community. Islam plays primary importance in the national culture and national consciousness formation in the separate regions of the world owing to traditional spread of Islam. National and religious concept in these regions represents in virtue of its historical specificity something united and indissoluble. However, this unity acts in many cases in extremely contradictory form. On the one hand these religions perform ethnoconsolidating function, providing ethnical and religious solidarityin the mentality and way of life, transmitting ethnical values and conserving them in the ethnospaceof these or that people, and on the other hand – they may act as disintegration factor of some or other ethnos according to ethnoreligious bases and as a conductor of ideology, psychology and impatience culture in the society, provoking international disbelief and ethno-conflicts. Religion is a universal expression of socialdemand. It acts as a system-forming element of civilizational matrix. From this point of view the activation ofavailable in its basispositive potential of international solidarity is necessary. The actualization of general sociocultural bases of Russian society major confessions,distinctly seen in the context of their analysis as Abrahamic religions, is also necessary. The united patterns row of these Abrahamic religions (monotheism, transcendentalism, God personal understanding, messianism idea and etc.), can become the basis for interethnoconfessional dialogue, necessary for positive international communication formation and opposition to extremist religious movements from the side of confessional institutes and interethnoconfessional unifications themselves.

Key words: religion, religious factor, Orthodoxy, Judaism, Abrahamic religions, Islam, religious “Renaissance”, ethnoreligious tolerance, religiosity, traditional regions of Islam spread

Shenkao M. People of Caucasus and Black sea region: oratory skill / annotation

Muhamed A. Shenkao – Ph.D. of Philosophy, professor, member of the Russian Union of Philosophy, a well-known scientist of the Karachaevo-Cherkessk Republic. Cherkessk, KCR, Russian Federation.

Various forms of toasts are considered: from the time of the Nart epic to modern time. In our study we rely on materials of Sakieva A., KardangushZaramuk, Naloyeva-Zaura, Inal-Ipa Sh., Bigua S. “Khuekhu” (khokh – it is goodwill in a verbal form) – part of the traditional life and culture of peoples. Khokhs, as good wishes, are not always and not everywhere revealed, but only in this place and at a given time, i.e. at the moment of “pial’e” (time, the point of intersection of time and place). The place and time of the khokh utterance define its direction, its “depth”, etc. On the other hand, khokh is an art of folk eloquence, and as such it was not given to everyone.A person who undertook to speak a special khokh (toast), apparently, had to learn from others for a long time. It was believed that the speaker spoke beautifully in the name of God that God “tkh’e, anchva”, put in his mouth the highest, noble words of the people. In the epic “Narts” he was given to Sosruko, for his deeds in the name of people’s Nart goods.The great old man, the hero of the epic Nasren-Zhache, taking the word from the toastmaster, with a khokh, kind word, blesses Ashamez, Nartsky. To receive good wishes from the hero is no less important event than to obtain the khokh of the Gods, as he (the hero) has seen a lot, done a lot, i.e. he is almost godlike. In the system of education of the Adygea-Abkhazian knight consciousness, a significant role was played by words – infusions (suggestions), received through instructions in khokhs. A man somehow completed his education in the khokhs, he discovered new truths and expanses of being. Thus, one can see that khokhs can be different. They are pronounced on various occasions: the beginning of the peasant`s work, housewarming, coming out to the spring field, etc. Themountaineersalsohavethesacred khokhs about food on thetable, table generosity. Toasts were pronounced in the name of son-in-law or son, or daughter-in-law.Abkhazians-Christians have a lot of khokhs. The art of eloquence, goodwill, here, on the ancient land of Apsna, achieves high perfection, aristocratic spirit. At the table, Abkhazians strictly follow themselves and their neighbors: is “Apsuara” (“Abkhazianity”) respected?But through the Apsuara and Adyghenity, the peoples defend their national identity, their individual uniqueness, not willing to dissolve and disappear among other ethnic groups. The ability to pronounce khokh is an indicator of a person`s culturefor the peoples of the North and West Caucasus. Khokhsare not just words to the place and time, but words-feelings, word-concepts, words-sacral, organizing and subordinating people.Theconceptsofpeople’ beauty, itsmorality, behavior etiquette, truthareasif concretized and specificated in the toasts. The importance of this topic is shown for a deeper understanding and study of the Caucasus peopleculture.

Key words: apsuaraand abkhazianity, toast, khokh, epos, beauty, the word of the senior

Vigel N., Zholobova I. Heroic epos of North Caucasus nations as basis for ethnical culture of Adygea people / annotation

Narine L. Vigel – Ph.D., professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Irina K. Zholobova – assistant. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The current socially-political situation induced the representatives of various knowledge spheres to pay a special attention to customs, manners and traditions of North Caucasus people, to peculiarities of their spirituality and culture. The significant interest to mythology, religion, epos and intercultural interaction of various ethnical communities is connected not only with a demand in the culture dialogue, in contact points establishment in modern society multicultural space, but also with necessity of foundations search for spiritual and moral upbringing of the rising generation. Oral poetical creation is a unique and rich source of cultural self-determination. Study of epical heritage is a significant constituent of upbringing in the spirit of regardful and tolerant attitude, opposition to nationalism and xenophobia in multinational government.Narts heroic epos, to analysis of which a lot of scientific works of various knowledge spheres specialists are dedicated to (ethnographers, philologists, culturologists, philosophers and sociologists) is considered to be the fundamental monument of oral folk art in the North Caucasus.Heroic epos “Narts”, referred to culturally-historical heritage of Adygea inhabitants, as the brightest phenomenon of their spiritual culture, gives possibility to come to consideration of ethno-specific values and ideals, allowing to speak about hero phenomenon, whose supertemporal and supracultural character is incontestable.An epic hero, being the bearer of a row of qualities, separating him from the number of majority of qualities and characteristics, virtually, represents some “archetype” – extra-significant suggestive image of cultural space. The actions performed by him are considered as heroic, and pass to the category of achievements, but locality and subjects, connected with them acquire a ritual, sacred character. The epos “Narts”, ancient monument of Adygea culture, defined heroic-epical traditions of Adygea people, the hero has those features, which are the most valuable, ethno-specific and allow him to survive in the mountain severe conditions. At the same time a lot of them are considered to be universal, generally-cultural and socially-significant, especially in the modern society. The question is about such moral qualities, as humanity and honesty.Nart epos also reflects specific peculiarities of a genuine “Nart person”, as a warrior, possessing several languages, honest, smart and sagacious, knowing enough information about traditions and way of life of neighboring people, hospitable, capable to estimate and admit advantages of any person even an enemy. Mainly these moral traditions comprise that valuable basis, which allows speaking about traditional culture of Adygeya people, reproduction of archaic values in modernity, about upbringing bases in this culture and that spiritually-moral potential, which it bears in itself.

Key words: Adygea people, archetypical image, spiritual culture, spiritually-moral potential, myth, “Narts”, epic hero, epos

Modern problems and prospects of applied ecology in Black sea region countries

Kolosova O., Goncharov V. Positive ecological practices formation as condition of ecological crisis overcoming / annotation

Olga Yu. Kolosova – Ph.D. of Philosophy, professor. Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation. Krasnodar, Russian Federation.
Vadim N. Goncharov – Ph.D. of Philosophy, professor. Institute of the Humanities of the North Caucasus federal university. Stavropol, Russian Federation.

Development of social ecological practices, their wide spreading through the system of scientific knowledge, education and upbringing, formation of ecological structure can contribute to overcoming of ecological crises, satisfaction of society primary demands and provision of worthy life level for every person. The content and constructive orientation of social ecological practices of a person in a greater degree are conditioned by balance between ecological problems, which touch upon the quality of life and make somebody to undertake active steps for ecological threat removal, ecological hazard overcoming, by original mountings for reformation (by intentions) of environment, by social qualities, determining the optimal choice of social changes model, by conventions as mutually agreed actions of social subjects in the general sociocultural and natural space, and, eventually, by social technologies as the practice instruments. The phenomenon of socially ecological practices has the close interconnection with structure transformations in all spheres of the society activity. The indice of social health represent the indicator of given transformations. The social health characterizes vitality of the society. The social health index represents correlation of healthy and unhealthy life mode of population. Institutionalization of ecological practices relating to an integral health index is in the third levels of social reality: social structures, person and culture. Social ecological practices represent a double phenomenon, where positive and negative processes closely interlace. The last one manifests in the low level of ecological structure, expressing in all aspects of a person’s life (the low level of ecological enlightenment, education, upbringing and behavior). Under the condition of involvement in all social institutes the positive social ecological practices represent the meaning of innovative ecological modernization of all Russian society regions. They are not only appealed to transform socionatural reality of the modern society, but contribute to the choice of ecologically-efficient models of daily behavior, socionatural activity, reflecting the necessity of spiritually-moral attitude recreation towards nature. Ecological ideology, as axiological compo-nent of ecological culture, purposefully influences to ecological humanism formation, understanding of nature as the highest panhuman value. Ecological humanism, as the modern form of humanism includes the following principles: harmony of a person with nature; equivalence of everything alive; non-violence; self-containment instead of consumerism; a loving and creative personality formation; necessity of moral self-improvement; preservation of diversity of nature, person and culture. The fast development of cottage con-struction, organization of suburban cooperatives, ecological tourism, amenity planting of inhabited localities, creation of protected areas in the cities, ecosettlements, environmental ethics that speaks for restoration of preservation demand and augmentation of natural resources and coevolutionary development of society and nature.

Key words: ecology, ecological sphere, ecological problem, ecological practices, social development

Basilaia M., Zharkova M. Search for new ways of ecological crisis overcoming / annotation

Mariana A. Basilaia – Ph.D., professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Maria G. Zharkova – candidate of Biology, associate professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

To date, there is an unprecedented global environmental crisis, which literally turns into the general crisis of civilization in the eyes of the present generation, which adversely affects all spheres of life: economic, spiritual, social. The question of how to understand and find real ways to overcome this crisis today becomes extremely topical. The most common for today and often unpredictable are environmental crises and pol-lution of the anthropogenic environment, which are largely caused by anthropogenic factors, i.e. various factors caused by and conditioned by human activity. In general, the ecological crisis reflects the social cause - the antagonism of society’s relations to the country. The ecological crisis is a crisis not only and not so much the interaction of people with nature. It accompanied with the spiritual crisis – a crisis in the formation of their ecological consciousness, interaction with each other. The solution of the ecological problem must begin with the solution of the problem of “common” consciousness, activity, culture in society, the formation of responsibility for the fate of the Earth. Argumentation of the meaning of co-evolution with the biosphere consists in the fact that the man and all living things on the Earth are derivatives of nature, they are inseparable. Thus, the unity and meaning of the harmonic image of ecological existence must penetrate into the consciousness of each person. Only thank to man, the work of mankind and its biosphere function and only in alliance with man, animate nature can rise to a higher level of its organization. Any solution of global planetary issues, especially those related to the vital activity of civilization and the biosphere, must be based on the ideological origin. And only on the basis of the biosphere development logic and society as an integral part of the biosphere and its nature, mankind has the right to assess the current ecological situation and formulate plans for its operation.Overcoming the fundamental difficulties associated with non-trivial solutions to global problems of harmonic co-evolution depends on the cognitive power of science. Contemporary moral imperative and ecological harmony ideology cannot be formed without the appropriate level of society education.

Key words: ecological crisis, coevolution, noospherogenesis, ecological consciousness

Klimov P., Basilaia M. Estimation of atmospheric air pollution and health risk for Rostov-on-Don population / annotation

Petr V. Klimov – candidate of Biology, associate professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Mariana A. Basilaia – Ph.D., professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Technogenic pollution of the environment has a negative impact on the health of the population. Atmospheric air is an integral component of the environment, which is associated with the most part of health risks from environmental factors. The risk concept makes it possible to obtain a quantitative assessment of the potential and real danger to public health, implied with the levels of exposure to adverse environmental factors in the real conditions of populated areas.The purpose of the study is to assess the pollution of atmospheric air in connection with the health risk to the population of Rostov-on-Don. Monitoring of atmospheric pollution is carried out at seven fixed stations of the State Environmental Observing Service of the Rostov State Hydrometeorological Service. The average annual and maximum concentrations of eight air pollutants were analyzed. Excess ratio of admissible concentration limit and complex index of air pollution Р were used as indicators characterizing air pollution. For risk assessment, the risk of immediate action (reflex effects), chronic intoxication, and carcinogenic risk were calculated. Rostov-on-Don is a large industrial and administrative-territorial center, a transport hub.Motor transport plays the leading role in the atmospheric air pollution of the city. The atmospheric air of Rostov-on-Don is polluted above the permissible hygienic standards.The pollution level in the central part of the city, determined by the indicator P (average annual concentrations) is in 1.5 times higher than in the relatively clean Northern residential area. The risk of immediate action in the central part of the city is in 3.38 times higher, the risk of chronic intoxication is higher in 2.05 times, compared to the Northern residential community of the city. According to the results of the risk assessment on immediate action and chronic intoxication from air pollution, the most dangerous to the health of the population are suspended substances, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, phenol and formaldehyde. Chromium and formaldehyde mainly contribute to the formation of carcinogenic risks from the air pollution.

Key words: health risk, atmospheric air pollution

Kharitonov G. Cross-border water use problems in Russia and Ukraine / annotation

Grigory B. Kharitonov – candidate of economics, associate professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

There are objectively contradictions between the countries in the field of use and protection of the water resources of river basins belonging to their territory in the basins of Transboundary Rivers. This creates problems in interstate relations, not contributing to economically efficient and environmentally sustainable water consumption. This sit-uation requires the search for objective criteria for assessing the situation and methods for reaching a compromise solution arranging the stakeholders. Lots depend on the economic level development of the contracting parties and diplomacy. Sometimes one state can yield some of its rights to water resources in exchange for any other economic or political benefits. For the implementation of agreements the Member States create joint commissions for the management of transboundary water bodies. Their decisions have legal force and are binding for the participants, but the agreements usually do not describe the mechanisms of impact in the event of their non-fulfillment. This is due to a considerable extent to the lack of established rules for the use of transboundary water bodies, as well as the inevitable measures of liability for their violation. It is considered that participation in international agreements on the use of transboundary water bodies is a good will of the countries.Conflict situations, related to water consumption, are dominant on the prevalence. One of the reasons for their occurrence is the unequal position of countries in relation to the areas of water formation and decrement.As a rule, the development of coordinated strategies for the use of the resources of transboundary water bodies and the resolution of their conflict situations are achieved through lengthy negotiations and consultations with experts. At the same time each party advocates first of all the interests, using all possible methods including any pressure for justification of the position. In cases where the understanding of the community of interests comes to the forefront, significant results can be achieved.For the purpose of settlement of the water relations on the cross-border rivers on October 19, 1992 in Kiev the Agreement between the Governments of Russia and Ukraine on sharing and protection of cross-border water objects which determined the basic principles of sharing of waters, coherences of water management actionsimplementation, the organizations of observations of a condition of a surface water was signed.The representative of Ukraine cabinet council for implementation of the agreement is the chairman of the Ukraine Statewateragency, the Representative of the Government of the Russian Federation – the head of Federal Agency for Water Resources of the Russian Federation; Deputy Representatives for implementation of the agreement in the basin of the river the Seversky Donets: From the Ukrainian side is the head of the Seversky-Donetsk basin water resources management, with the Russian side is the head of the Don basin water management. Regulatory documents have been developed for the implementation of the intergovernmental agreement: The order of works organization on water resources management in the Seversky Donets River basin;The program of joint quality control of water for hydrochemical and toxicological indicators; The order of interaction in emergency situations on transboundary water bodies.Despite the strained political relations between Russia and Ukraine, a comprehensive solution of environmental and resource problems in the basins of transboundary rivers, implementation of multifaceted investment projects, the development of the scientific and technical base and training of personnel should become important factors for the sustainable development of these states, and the expansion of their integration cooperation.

Key words: cross-border water consumption, intergovernmental agreements, watershed management, water supply deficit, the Seversky Donets, Relations between Russia and the Ukraine

Morgul E., Sklyarova E. Nikitsky botanic garden in Crimea in the context of botanic gardens formation-problem of Europe and Russia / annotation

Elena V. Morgul – candidate of Biology, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Elena K. Sklyarova – candidate of History, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

For the first time, the history and comparative aspects of thebotanic gardens formation in Europe and Russia, as well as the contributions of reformers and scientists working in Botanic gardens and World Universities are considered. In different years, they made a significant contribution to the development of themankindviews on the ecology and flora of the various Black Sea arearegions. Botanic gardens, as centers of science and education, appeared in the Hellenism period. They were later transformed into various parks and museums, becoming the foundation of the universities formation, the development of pharmaceutical education, the preservation of the ecology and the fauna of the regions of the world. In the 18th century, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Odessa, as well as Crimea, became the center of the development of the Botanic Gardens of the Russian Empire. It has been shown that public figures from France, England, Sweden and Russia had made a significant contribution to the establishment and study of the Botanic Gardens. Special attention has been given to the formation of the Nikitsky Botanic garden in Crimea. Duke de Richelieu, graph M.S. Vorontsov, H.H. Steven, E. Wolf contributed to its creation. The organization of the Nikitsky Botanic Garden began with the annexation of Crimea to Russia during the era of Catherine II and Alexander I. Since the 19th century, Crimea has become a new center for the collection of ornamental and medicinal plants, viticulture, exemplary garden art and ecology. The centuries-old activities of the Nikitsky Botanic garden of Crimea became the basis for the exchange of experience in studying and preserving the flora of Southern Russia as well as other countries of the Black Sea region. It was noted that the Nikitsky Botanic Garden had received various diplomas and awards, both in the Russian Empire and after the October Revolution in the USSR.

Key words: ecology, Botanic Garden, university, museum, Nikitsky Botanic Garden

Filatov A. Observation for water bodies and control for their condition / annotation

Anton A. Filatov – leading engineer. Russian Information and Analytical and Research Water Management Center. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The urgent problem of water objects monitoring is considered.Since providing the population with quality drinking water is one of the most important factors of health pro-tection, the automated information system for state monitoring of water objects of the Russian Federation, developed in the North Caucasus branch of the Russian Scientific Research Institute of Integrated Use and Protection Water resources, has a great scientific and practical value both for monitoring and management of water bodies, and in general for nature protection and human health. The primary information obtained in the result of water bodies and their water protection zones observations and then coming from various water user organizations in accordance with the approved regular observations program form a significant data set, which is the basis of the established unified information base using AIS SMWO. The water body observations program is a list of mandatory actions for the selection and analysis of samples in the water area used by the water user. The owners of water bodies and water users should deliver an annual report on the observations, which indicates the morphometric characteristics of water bodies, and the state of ecosystems of water protection zones and erosion processes, and also the degree of anthropogenic pressure on water bodies. The article describes in detail the forms of relevant information submissionfor the given base formation by water users, the list of indicators for which is determined by the corresponding Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation.

Key words: waterbodies, water protection zones, water consumption, monitoring of water bodies, automated data system

Bezuglova O. Soil and human health / annotation

Olga S. Bezuglova – Ph.D. of Biology, professor. Academy of Biology and Biotechnology of D.I. Ivanovsky. Southern federal university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation

The environment in which a man and animals live, greatly affects their health. A range of serious diseases of unclear etiology are obliged to the soil composition on which the food eaten by animals and humans is grown. It was determined by the works of A.P. Vinogradov and V.V. Kowalski. Excess or lack of chemical elements, and even more a violation of their ratio, become the causes of thyroid diseases, the enamel tooth damage, the bone system diseases, etc. Such diseases of A.P. Vinogradov called endemic, and the territories with an anomalous content of chemical elements - biogeo-chemical or endemic provinces. It is conditioned by the fact that many microelements participate in vitally important processes, occurring in the organism – hematosis,digestion, in the work of nervous and hormone systems. Microelements play the role of biological catalysts, being a part of enzymes, hormones and some vitamins, thereby influencing the growth, development, reproductive function. Not only by failures in the supply of microelements to the organism play the important role in the development of some or other diseases, but also by a violation of the balance between individual chemical elements, including macroelements. Thus, scientists associate an increased risk of stomach cancer with insufficient magnesium in food and water (but the primary reason is in soils), as well as with the violation of the ratio distortion in soil solution between the ions Ca, Mg and Mn. Magnesium promotes the correct absorption and use of calcium, as well as other important nutrients. If a lot of calcium comes with food, without enough magnesium, excessive calcium can practically become toxical, inducingdiseased states in the organism. Even earlier, Rostov scientists V.V.Akimtsev, Z.M. Mitlin, I.I. Smolyaninov, who wrote the book “Soils and human health” in 1966, came to the conclusion about the extreme importance of the chemical elements correlation in soils, the effect of soil composition on the quality of products obtained on them, and the connection with the spread of cancer diseases. They were among the first in the scientific world to see and convincingly showed the relationship between the chemical composition of soils and the cancer spread. In particular, they found that the frequency of the gastric cancer occurrence dramatically increases in those areas of the Rostov region, Krasnodar Territory, North Ossetia, Dagestan, where the content of water-soluble magnesium in soils falls below the threshold - 0.002%.

Key words: soils, biogeochemical provinces, endemic diseases, iodine deficit, stomach cancer frequency

Pustovaya L., Borman A., Vatutin Z., Khlebunov S. Monitoring problems of Rostov-on-Don city area soil pollution / annotation

Larisa E. Pustovaya – candidate of Chemistry, associate professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Anna E. Borman – student. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Zakhar N. Vatutin – student. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Sergey A. Khlebunov – candidate of technical sciences, associate professor. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The paper presents the research results of the territory contamination of the shooting and stand complex of the North Caucasus Military District Military Hunting Society, the interregional sports organization, operating in Rostov-on-Don since 1992.This object is identified as a source of contacting environment contamination with lead and its compounds, since the lead shot is used at the complex shooting areas. Series of soil samples were selected at different distances from the targets in accordance with the requirements of regulatory documents, taken from the surface layer to the depth of 10-15 cm. The acidity level was measured, in the aqueous extract, which on average had a pH value of ~ 7 corresponding to a neutral medium. Visually lead shot of various degradation degree is found in thesamples. 2,5 grams of lead were extracted mechanically from 1 kg of the composite sample, which significantly exceeds the established standard (0.032 g / kg). A qualitative chemical analysis of aqueous extract confirmed the presence of lead compounds.Quantitative chemical analysis of lead mobile acid-soluble forms was carried out by inversion voltammetry according to the procedure of MU 08-47 / 56 on the TA-Lab device in extracts obtained by treating the 1 M of soil sample with HNO3 solution. The average concentration of lead ions in the selected samples was 65 g / kg. Considering that apartment block is situated near the contaminated area, the necessity of its clearing from pollutant is evident. It was suggested to recultivate the top layer of the soil by removing it and complex processing, firstly by a physical method to extract metallic lead, and then by reagent to remove lead compounds. The composition and concentration of reagents depends on the type of soil and the level of its contamination with lead.

Key words: monitoring, soil contamination, heavy metals, lead, recultivation, shooting area, lead shot

Yudina N., Lysova E., Koroleva A. Medical and ecologicalrisks of urban agglomerations / annotation

Natalia V. Yudina – candidate of Biology, associate professor. Academy of construction and architecture. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Ekaterina P. Lysova – candidate of technical sciences, senior lecturer. Academy of construction and architecture. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Alla V. Koroleva – senior lecturer. Academy of construction and architecture. Don state technical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The modern demographic and social processes of urbanization lead to intensive development of new planning and territorial structures, urban agglomerations. Today, the agglomeration is viewed as an integral socio-economic space with a common system of transport and engineering services, a single natural and ecological framework of the territory. The stability of such urban ecosystems can be assessed through the comfort of life and health of the population, based on groups of criteria: natural-anthropogenic, social, medico-ecological. The analysis of forming ecological carcass of Rostov agglomeration educed potential conflict between development of big city and emphasizing of specially-protected areas (nature reserve “Levoberezhny”) in its boundary. Thus, under the density increase ofmigratory birds on the territories of the nature reserve in the suburbs, theprobability of outbreak risk increase of such diseases, as Francis disease, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and West Nile encephalitis (WNE) is growing. The contact of migrants with established synanthropic urban populations can lead to carry and seasonal rooting of arbovirus infections.The safety and comfort of living in urban agglomerations with territorially close specially protected natural areas directly depends on monitoring the species diversity and the number of epidemiologically significant faunal components as potential carriers and vectors of the causative agents of zoonotic infections.

Key words: urban agglomerations, specially protected natural sites (SPNS), eco-logical carcass of the territory, medico-ecological risks, habitation comfort

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'