ISSN 2414-1143


2020. N 1

National traditions, culture and education in the context of globalization
(philosophical anthropology, philosophy of culture)

Goncharov V., Kolosova O., Volkov A. Ethno-Cultural Aspect of Personality Development in the Educational System / annotation

Vadim N. Goncharov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Olga Yu. Kolosova – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Stavropol Branch Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Aleksandr A. Volkov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Psychology, Professor, North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

In a multi-ethnic state, the general principles for solving ethnocultural problems are often given by a political formula expressing the general national-state idea, including the principles of ethnic integration. An educational institution is one of the sociocultural mechanisms for implementing a specific national-state idea. Cultural differences, especially in customs and religion, were perceived more or less tolerantly in many parts of the world. However, in such an important area of culture as education, tolerance is manifested much less frequently. The most receptive cultures responded to the globalization of the economy and industry of Western culture with measures aimed at finding and maintaining ethnocultural identities. The self-assertion of ethnoculture becomes a force that makes it possible to withstand the crisis of identity generated by globalization. As a result of ethnocultural self-affirmation, new modern forms of expression of identity arise. The processes taking place on a global scale are characterized by the desire of peoples to maintain their identity, emphasize the uniqueness of their culture and psychological makeup, and millions of people to realize their belonging to a particular ethnic group. A person feels the non-stability of the world. He seeks protection, support and self-confidence in the enduring, eternal, stable values of his ancestors, seeks to preserve his identity, unique culture. Interest in their roots in individuals and entire nations is manifested in a variety of forms: from the revival of ancient customs and rituals, folklorization of culture, to the desire to create and restore their national statehood. Therefore, it is intergenerational stable communities, primarily ethnic groups, which acquire great significance in the life of the modern man. Ethnocultural revival is considered as one of the main features of human development in the 21st century. The main channel for the reproduction of culture in society is education, one of the broadest spheres of human activity, a specific structural element of ethnic culture that fulfills the function of continuity of generations.

Key words: personality, public consciousness, education, education, pedagogical system, civilization, ethnic culture, ethnic community, cultural self-identification

Vakhaeva H. Correlation of Norms of Law with Culture and Traditions of the Chechen People / annotation

Hedi Sh. Vakhaeva – Ph.D. student, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.

This article examines the problems of the culture of behavior and etiquette of the Chechen modern generation, as well as the culture within family relations. The subject of traditions and features in communication between generations, as well as ethical standards of behavior within society are considered. Much attention is paid to family values, which play an important role in the transmission of moral and ethical rules. The family and everyday ideas of the Chechens are analyzed, which are interconnected with the manner of communication and behavior in the economic field of life. The emphasis is placed on the fact that the foundation in the formation of an individual personality is considered moral and ethical values in the concept of «nokhchalla».

Key words: traditions, culture, customs, etiquette, family values, Adat, the Chechen Republic

Vergun T., Grishin D. Impact of Ethnic Tourism on Inter-Ethnic Relations / annotation

Tatiana V. Vergun – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North Caucasus Social Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Denis V. Grishin – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, North Caucasus Social Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

Issues of impact of ethnic tourism on formation of inter-ethnic relations are considered. It is noted that the growth of ethnic identity can lead to the emergence on the market of tourist products, new proposals that will take into account the growing interest of people in under-standing the culture and life both of their ancestors and of representatives of other ethnic groups. The development of issues which are related to the ontogenesis of ethnotourism has arisen relatively recently, researches of this nature are still new. The conceptual questions are also in the formation stage. Most researchers of this topic highlight the main purpose of ethnic tourism as familiarity with the peculiarities of traditional material and spiritual culture, the unique way of life of the ethnic group, traditions and customs. Such a definition of "ethnic tourism" can be considered the most generic and universal. Ethnic tourism as a phenomenon is a significant element in the understanding of inter-ethnic relations and inter-ethnic culture. In practice, this is realized through the promotion of ethnic tourism and awareness of its importance for the tourist industry as a whole. From a theoretical perspective, ethnic tourism is a productive strategy for raising awareness of the concepts of "ethnic identity" and "ethnic relations". As a conclusion, it is noted that the emergence and strengthening of positive trends in the development of ethnotourism are particularly relevant, as they contribute to the preservation of the cultural and historical heritage of an ethnic group, they support the identity of ethnic groups, and they are a factor of the sustainable development of their traditional territories. Considering ethnic identity and tourism, one can say with confidence about interinfluence of these two elements. Tourism, one of the largest industries in the world, has an impact on the formation of the ethnic identity of the person.

Key words: ethnic tourism, cultural tourism, inter-ethnic relations, ethnic identity, traditional culture

Ivushkina E., Dashkova E. Prospects for Organization of Rural Tourism in the Chechen Republic / annotation

Elena B. Ivushkina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.
Elena V. Dashkova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.

In Russia, there are prospects for the development of various types of tourism. Historically, Russia has long been an agricultural country and large territories belong to rural settlements. Therefore, one of the priority types of tourism in our country is rural tourism. The interconnection of structural elements in the development of rural tourism is presented. In the Chechen Republic, there is some experience in the development of tourism in small towns since the Soviet era. For example, a tourist base in the village of Benoy in the Vedensky district functioned successfully. The base was of All-Union significance and up to three thousand tourists passed through it in a season. The modern socio-economic development of the Chechen Republic is aimed at the revival of the tourism industry. In the Chechen Republic, 65.26% of the population are rural residents. They are well aware of the way of rural life, traditions, customs, and features of rural life. The basis of rural tourism is the stay of tourists in the countryside, where the rural family takes care of the accommodation, food and service of the tourists. Organization of rural tourism may become a priority for the Chechen Republic

Key words: culture, Black Sea region, Turkey, Turkic languages, West European borrowings

(theory and history of culture)

Kuleshin M., Nemashkalov P., Plyako O. Historical Consciousness in the Process of Forming Ethnic Stereotypes of Material Culture / annotation

Maxim G. Kuleshin – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Pavel G. Nemashkalov – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Olesya O. Plyako – teacher of history and social science, Municipal budgetary educational institution Secondary school No. 30, Mikhailovsk, Stavropol Territory, Russian Federation.

The concept of stereotype, or ethnic stereotype, in ethnic science is associated with the formula «ethnic stereotype of behavior». Numerous works by ethnographers, culturologists and other scientists confirm the special relevance of the study of this phenomenon. There is an urgent need for a holistic consideration of ethnic stereotypes of behavior, not just in the usual way to ethnographers (as expressed in a particular form of elements of traditional everyday culture), but also in terms of their functioning in the sphere of everyday consciousness. However, stereotyping in ethnic tradition is a concept that covers a wider range of issues that differ from exclusively behavioral forms. Stereotyping is a phenomenon that is characteristic of many manifestations of the functioning of elements of traditional everyday culture. Tradition is understood as experience accumulating in the form of a system of stereotypes of human activity (activity), stereotypes of ideas about them and ways of their designation or symbolization. From this point of view, behavioral acts can be considered as particular manifestations of symbolic stereotypes. Relevant here are the aspects of human activity related to the production of material components of culture, ideas about them, or their perception as ethnic carriers. The main thesis - communicativeness is one of the most important functions of tradition, involves a number of questions: which of the components of the material culture of peoples most persistently retain their specificity, being ethnic indicators of historical consciousness; how they function in time, what are the factors that stabilize, consolidate and transmit precisely these, and not other components of culture, what is the intensity of their historical existence (discreteness, continuity). In that case the problem of territorial and spatial relations appears, that is, the correlation of sub-ethnic, ethnic and superethnic in the cultural tradition, in this case, in its material components and their functioning.

Key words: ethnos, sub-ethnos, ethnic marker, ethnic indicator, ethnic culture, ethnocultural information, ethnic stereotype, sociocultural communication

Hiyasova S., Mustafaeva M., Musaeva E. Forms of Conflict Regulation in Pre-Revolutionary Dagestan / annotation

Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Elmira Sh. Musaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogi-cal University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

Forms of conflict regulation in pre-revolutionary Dagestan are analyzed: Maslaat (an arbitrational or mediatory method of conflict regulation, which has become common in the North Caucasus) and Adat (a custom, relic norms of pre-Islamic legal complexes, a set of rules of a customary law among Dagestan peoples). Various models of their implementation in the traditional pre-revolutionary culture of the peoples of Dagestan are revealed. Features of Dagestan Adats of different societies and settlements are noted. These features are manifested in the fact that, for all the unity and external similarity of codes and provisions, no paragraph repeats the other literally, that is, all of them are of a private nature. The authors analyze the origins of Adats in Dagestan and note that each community (jamaat) had its own code on the basis of common, i.e. single Adat right in Dagestan is divided into many codified codes. Each code fell into Adats of specific communities. The reasons of sustainability of these forms in society are investigated, despite numerous attempts to introduce Shariat norms in pre-revolutionary Dagestan, and the main factors by which Shariat has not displaced Adats are being identified. According to the authors among such factors there is, for example, the fact that Adats got into the life of the Highlanders firmly, and became the basis of their lifestyle and morality. They were more understand-able for the Highlanders, as they provided for less stringent punishments than Shariat. Adats were means of replenishment of the budget of leadership elite: bek (the category of privileged population), uzden (the feudal class in the Caucasus), etc. In their elimination the last saw a real threat of their financial wellbeing. The significance and relevance of Adats and Maslaat in modern society are justified and their role in modern culture of Dagestan peoples is determined.

Key words: Maslaat, Adat, culture, Dagestan, peoples, right, crimes, punishments, conflicts

Kratova N. Monuments of History and Culture in the System of State-Confessional Interaction in the Post-Soviet Period (on the Example of Karachay-Cherkessia) / annotation

Natalya V. Kratova – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Karachay-Cherkess Institute of Humanitarian Research under the Government of the KCR, Cherkessk, Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Russian Federation.

This article is devoted to an important, very complex and controversial issue in the sphere of state-confessional relations - the return to religious organizations of once nationalized religious buildings and other religious property. In the Russian Federation, unlike some other post-Soviet countries, they categorically re-fused to restitution of nationalized property, however, they made some concessions regarding religious organizations, recognizing the possibility of returning buildings and religious utensils. Several government decrees were issued that regulated this process, and a Commission on Religious Associations under the Government of the Russian Federation was created specifically to coordinate these issues. In 2010, Federal Law No. 327-FZ “On the transfer of religious property owned by state or municipal property” to religious organizations was issued, in accordance with which, in the case of official treatment by a religious organization, any religious property is subject to transfer, regardless of the form of ownership. However, to put into practice the right granted by the state turned out to be quite difficult. A large number of problems arose, which were difficult to solve. As a rule, religious buildings often housed museums or other institutions that needed to be translated somewhere. The question arose about the safety of the property being transferred, which could inevitably suffer from regular use. Under the conditions of Karachay-Cherkessia, the church’s attempts to return the temple complexes of the 10th century met with stiff resistance not only from the museum management, but also from the public, who considered the monuments, primarily, as the cultural value of their people. This article shows how this problem was solved in the KCR in the post-Soviet period. The article is based on documents from the archive of the Authorized Head of the KCR on relations with religious organizations, copies of which were kindly transferred to the author.

Key words: state-confessional relations, state-confessional politics, Karachay-Cherkess Republic, recent history of Russia, restitution of church property, Russian Orthodox Church

Berkovskiy V., Leonova N., Tronina L. Historical Forms of Ethnic Identity in the Context of the Development of Contemporary Art / annotation

Vyacheslav A. Berkovskiy – Ph.D. in Sociology, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Natalya A. Leonova – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Larisa A. Tronina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The field of ethnography is extremely broad, nevertheless, conditionally it is possible to distinguish two classes of objects of this science depending on its attitude to its material. The first class of such objects includes spontaneous ethnic processes or processes which have taken place in the past, and the second class includes ethnic processes which by their nature, involve a certain social regulation. In the first case, the task of ethnography consists in scientific study of facts and maximum complete reconstruction of the past ethnic cultures, in the second its task is not exhausted by research and theoretical reconstruction of the activities of ethnic groups, although, of course, the creation of theories is the first task for any science. In society, ethnography is increasingly faced with the task of exercising, within the limits of its competence, a socio-technological, regulatory function. Increasing the efficiency of carrying out socio-technological or already socio-pedagogical tasks by ethnography significantly actualizes the problem of further clarification and enrichment of its framework of categories and concepts, of mobilization for this purpose of theoretical and cognitive means of other disciplines (social psychology, literature, linguistics).

Key words: personality, spiritual life, cultural fund of the people, ethnic identity, culture of ethnic groups, cultural values, sociocultural memory, ethnic history

Petrova Yu., Kuleshova K. Cultural and Historical Evolution of the Turkish Language under the Influence and Borrowing of European Languages / annotation

Yulia A. Petrova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Ksenia A. Kuleshova – student, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The issue that is relevant for Turkish linguistics i.e. borrowing words from various European languages is considered, Turkish is a language belonging to the Turkic group of languages. For a long time, the Turkish alphabet consisted of letters in Arabic letters, until they were replaced by Latin ones. Currently, the national Turkish language is a synthesis of the Turkish folk language, Old Turkic language and Asian Turkic languages. The Turkish language also contains many borrowings that come from the vocabulary of other countries. It is noted that a large number of borrowings in it are from the French language, which penetrated into the vocabulary of the Turks through the inclusion of French literature in the educational program of schools. Since that time, an important criterion for human education was the ability to speak a foreign language. The growing importance of Turkey in the field of trade and shipping has led to the emergence of many marine terms borrowed from the Italian language. The Lausanne Treaty, on the basis of which there was an exchange of settlements between Turkey and Greece, is the reason for the Greek borrowings of feudal terminology and household vocabulary existing in the Turkish vocabulary. It is emphasized that the source of English borrowing is scientific and technological progress, the terminological explosion of which forced to adopt vocabulary from the English language, since the number of new names was so great that the creation of neologisms was not relevant. Currently, due to the global spread of media and the Internet, the number of borrowings in the Turkish language has increased unusually. Using linguistic and cultural procedures and taking into account the peculiarities of cultural and historical evolution, the Turkish language reveals the national identities of a nation by means of language, preserving and transmitting the value connotations of the cultural code.

Key words: culture, Black Sea region, Turkey, Turkic languages, West European borrowings

Baskaeva Zh., Tatrova F. Historical Milestones in the Development of Preschool Education in the Russian Federation / annotation

Zhanna Kh. Baskaeva – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, North Ossetian State University after K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation.
Fatima Ch. Tatrova – student, North Ossetian State University after K.L. Khetagurov, Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation.

In the course of evolutionary historical development in Russia, the national education system has been built and it is developing, including preschool, school, multi-level professional and additional education. Preschool education in the modern Russian Federation is understood as education, training and development, as well as supervision, care and rehabilitation of children of preschool age from 2 months to 7 years. According to the analytical report of the international audit and consulting company FinExpertiza, in 2019 78.9% of Russian babies (4.1 million children) under the age of 3 years did not attend a day nursery. At the same time, the largest share of babies under the age of 3 years who do not attend nurseries is recorded, according to the study, in the Republic of Ingushetia. Here, 96.59% of toddlers stay with their mothers, and only 800 out of 23,492 children of the republic under the age of 3 visit the nursery. This figure is slightly lower in the Republic of Dagestan. Here 94.22%, or 139,205 babies stayed at home, and 8 540 babies go to the nursery. In third place is the Republic of Crimea, in which 91.13% of toddlers are with their parents at home, and only 8.87%, or 5,665 kindergarten children attend. Given the fact that in Russia now more than a third of young families with a child are not provided with preschool institutions, and in the south of Russia these statistics are even higher, preparing parents for the basics of family preschool education is becoming one of the most important tasks of youth family policy. It is obvious that the system of preschool education, like the entire system of relations in the field of education and upbringing of the younger generation, is influenced by powerful civilizational and technological trends, which often destroy historical features and national traditions. In this regard, the study of the characteristics of the national education system in its historical evolution is of particular relevance and significance.

Key words: Friedrich Froebel"s philosophy, the Soviet system of preschool education, the Federal state educational standard for preschool education, Development of education in 2013-2020

Zritneva E., Klushina N., Lobeiko Yu. Formation of Ethno-Education in the Context of the Modern Ethnocultural Space / annotation

Elena I. Zritneva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Pedagogy, Professor, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Nadezhda P. Klushina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Pedagogy, Professor, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Yuri A. Lobeiko – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Pedagogy, Professor, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The revival of the cultural potential of each people and its disclosure through the education system, the inclusion of social and pedagogical processes into the content of the education of ethnic culture are the most important tasks of modern society. The global challenge of civilizational development is the creation of a single multicultural and educational space based on a multilateral dialogue of cultures that promotes the mental compatibility of people in the context of their complementarity and mutual enrichment. Based on the ethnocul-turological approach, the essential characteristics and basic structural components of the ethnocultural education system are determined, and personal, ethnopedagogic, linguistic, bilinguistic and moral aspects of the education system are revealed. From the point of view of procedural and efficient approach the essence of ethnocultural education system is interpreted as a process and a result of socio-historical development of ethnos, its main trends and features, and the readiness for ethnic self-identification is interpreted as a core quality in the structure of ethnic culture. It is alleged that the study of the ethnocultural environment in the system of formation and the pedagogical foundations of its formation should contribute to the realization of the cultural core of the content of education on the basis of universal human and regional values.

Key words: personality, culture, socialization, education, ethnocultural environment, ethnocutural education system, personality-oriented education, ethnocultural principles of morality

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'