ISSN 2414-1143


2021. N 2

Sociocultural and Ethno-Religious Processes in the Black Sea Region
(social philosophy)

Vachit Kh. Akaev, Laila M. Ismailova Modern Civilization: from the Achievement of High Technologies to The Crisis of Humanism / annotation

Vachit Kh. Akaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Grozny State Oil Technical University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.
Laila M. Ismailova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Grozny State Oil Technical University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.

The achievements of modern civilization associated with the use of scientific and technological achievements, high technologies that determine the development of the economy, social and cultural processes are characterized. There are also noted processes that have a negative character associated with the activities of transnational corporations that generate factors of suppression of the national interests of states, individual peoples involving them in the processes of urbanization, standardization of ethnic cultural values that disfigure traditional spiritual, cultural and moral values.

Key words: civilization, culture, high technologies, crisis of humanism

Olga A. Yanchenkova Xenophobia And Nationalism in The Context of The Intensification of Inter-Ethnic Conflicts / annotation

Olga A. Yanchenkova – Lecturer, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), Novocherkassk, Russian Federation.

At present, there is a rather high level of xenophobia in modern Russian society, which is a significant ideological base for ethnic nationalism, increasing intolerance and in-ter-ethnic tension, which can manifest itself in the form of inter-ethnic conflicts. The shortage of civil confidence in Russian society and the lack of mechanisms for resolving conflicts by civil society forces continue to be a source of xenophobia not only against recent migrants, but also against many representatives of indigenous ethnic groups. This requires a study of xenophobia and nationalism in the context of the in-tensification of inter-ethnic conflicts. Xenophobia arises and becomes especially noticeable in the case of significant differences of ethnic cultures, and modern nationalism actively resorts to these same differences or even contradictions, trying to form a critical discourse in relation to accepted standards of political correctness, which are really different in Russia from Western ones towards a wider range of what is considered permissible. In addition, nationalism grounded in xenophobia, for example, among the Russian ethnic group, is primarily manifested in the youth environment, which is not least associated with youth maximalism and non-conformism.

Key words: nationalism, xenophobia, inter-ethnic conflicts, civil society

Yulia V. Maslova Current Trends in The Development of Ecological Culture in Russia / annotation

Yulia V. Maslova – Associate Professor, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), Novocherkassk, Russian Federation.

The peculiarities of Russian ecological culture in the perestroika and post-perestroika periods are considered, as well as its development at the beginning of the 21st century. Modern Russian society is characterized by the desire for "institutional forgetting" and washing out traditional forms of ecological culture, forming an individualistic ("frag-mented") ecological consciousness that can be manipulated by interested communities united by financial interests. The consequence is a massive speculative use of environmental culture factors to achieve political goals. The polarization of the environment and the transformation of the general Russian natural landscape into zones of the greatest ecological comfort and zones of ecological abandonment is the result of the sharp polarization of society on the grounds of property status. Under these conditions, the situation of several ecological zones` formation in the territory of one country arises. The need to eliminate the centres of ecological disaster left as an inheritance of the USSR becomes an independent environmental factor, on the basis of which it is possible to create really interested in ensuring the environmental comfort organizations and the institutional environment. Modern Russian society at the level of public consciousness is fully aware of the need to create a practically oriented environmental education, which is based on humanistic values, which is an essential condition for the sustainable development of modern society.

Key words: ecological culture, perestroika and post-perestroika periods, modern Russian society, natural resources, ecological consciousness

Svetlana S. Zubareva Information Reality in The Context of The Historical Development of The Russian Federation in The Second Half of the 20th – Early 21st Century: Dynamics and Focus / annotation

Svetlana S. Zubareva – Lecturer, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article is devoted to the analysis of specificity of information reality formation in the Russian Federation. The relevance of the appeal to the study of the construction of updated social reality is due to the fact that the specificity of its formation is determined by the transitive state of society itself and the dynamics of social processes. The synergistic approach to the analysis of the essence of the phenomenon of information reality is proposed. The purpose of the study is to analyze the construction of information reality as "social bifurcation", a turning point in the history of Russia. The model of social bifurcation of the Russian sociocultural space, expressed in the development and formation of the information society, based on a set of historical events, fundamental changes in various branches of public life, is proposed. It is noted that during the formation of the updated social reality, various social and economic relations underwent transformation. The key characteristic of updated reality is technology that replaces human activity. However, not only has technological progress become a defining element in constructing the reality of the information society. The author draws attention to the fact that in the countries of the Black Sea region, united by the common cultural history, political and trade and economic ties, this was made possible due to the penetration and entrenchment of the Western European value orientations, lifestyle and the way of perception of the outside world of the information society.

Key words: information reality, digital tribe, digital society, globalization, social bifurcation

Sarat G. Hiyasova, Maida G. Mustafaeva, Elmira Sh. Musaeva Identity Of Student Youth and New Social Reality / annotation

Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Elmira Sh. Musaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The degree of influence of the Internet environment on young people in modern culture is analyzed. It is noted that at the present stage, society and culture have ceased to be considered the main institutions of socialization, which play a major role in personal identification issues. This niche has been occupied by the global network and information and communicative space. There is a need for young people to develop critical thinking skills and media literacy, since their absence can have a number of negative consequences, from conflicts on religious grounds to violation of ethno-national and civic identity. The audience questionnaire was conducted, it was revealed that the goals of visiting social networks by young people are different in the different age range. And if in one case the Internet environment is used for educational and cognitive purposes, as a convenient platform for obtaining information, then in another case it is used for entertainment and leisure. At the present stage, due to the excessive immersion of young people in the Internet environment, processes of uncontrolled socialization are observed, as well as the formation of false identities, when it is appropriate to talk about the diversity of manifestations of their "own self" among young people. The article recommends to subject the study of the real motives of "immersion" of young people in the virtual reality, which will allow specialists to help young people in matters of self-identification, individual choice of the behavior model that would correspond to their true essence.

Key words: identity, youth, Internet, Network, communications, space, education, personal development

(philosophical anthropology, philosophy of culture)

Rupiya I. Bachieva, Marin Sh. Ramazanova, Rashiya I. Isaeva Linguistic Competence and Language Code of The New Turkish Language / annotation

Rupiya I. Bachieva – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Marin Sh. Ramazanova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Rashiya I. Isaeva – Assistant Professor, Dagestan State University of National Economy, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

Turkish was spoken in vast territories stretching from the modern territory of Mongolia to the northern coast of the Black Sea, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, Anatolia, Iraq and the vast territory of northern Africa. Turkish was in contact with various languages that are not identical in origin. For this reason, there was mutual influence and borrowing between these languages and the Turkish language, which are the inevitable consequence of such a long contact. The population of areas where the language was long-spread, as well as of nearby territories which were under its influence in various historical periods, gradually formed and transmitted various dialects and accents from generation to generation. The entire history of the existence of the Turkish people language can be represented by three main groups: Old Turkish (from the 7th to the 13th centuries), Middle Turkish (from the 13th to the 20th centuries) and New Turkish, starting from the 20th century. The fact that the New Turkish language has its own phonetic, morphological and syntactic structures and a rich vocabulary makes it possible to consider it as a cultural and social phenomenon through the concept of the national connection of the Turkish people and linguistic competence as a system of linguistic knowledge possessed by native speakers of the Turkish language.

Key words: Turkish language, language competence, language code, communication, non-verbal communication

Dinara Ya. Gordienko, Elmira A. Imanmagomedova, Aida I. Akavova Features Of the Culture and Language of The Georgian People / annotation

Dinara Ya. Gordienko – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Elmira A. Imanmagomedova – Ph.D. in Philology, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Aida I. Akavova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State University of National Economy, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

Culture is made up of many elements. Some of the elements are more obvious, others less: clothing, language, food, customs, beliefs, values, religious beliefs, superstitions, etc. In recent years, there has been an increase in academic interest in the culture and heritage of the Black Sea region. The increased emphasis and interest in issues of national identity in the states of the region have made a significant contribution to scientific discussions. The culture and language of Georgia has changed, enriched and developed in the process of centuries-old history, forming unique customs and traditions. At the same time, the issue of national dress in the historical and cultural aspects, its connection with national identity was rarely considered in publications. It was emphasized that the Georgian national costume reveals cultural traditions, history, beliefs, ideas about the beauty of the Georgian people.

Key words: culture, language, nation, identity, Georgian people, national costume, Georgian writing, agglutinative language

Olesya S. Makarova, Veronika G. Pavlenko, Artem S. Goncharov Conceptual Meaning of a Linguistic Personality Development in The Polylingual Space of The North Caucasus Region / annotation

Olesya S. Makarova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Veronika G. Pavlenko – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Artem S. Goncharov – Student, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The structural and functional properties of the development of a linguistic personality in a bilingual and multilingual environment are investigated. Particular attention is paid to the factors influencing the development of the linguistic personality in the multicultural and multilingual space of the North Caucasus region. The main features of the development of a linguistic personality are revealed, a general characteristic is given to the levels of language proficiency, as well as to those factors that can form a linguistic complex in the social and linguistic space due to the assimilation of new cultural concepts and value attractors. The factor of native and foreign language proficiency among representatives of the Caucasian culture is assessed. To study sociolinguistic material, the concept of Weinreich`s linguistic contact and the concept of Weisgerber`s linguistic personality are presented, the results of research of modern sociolinguists M.M. Kashapov and V.N. Tporov. The dialogue of cultures in a multilingual environment is analyzed from the point of view of the demonstrated linguistic and non-linguistic reactions, which are most clearly manifested in the course of the collision of different linguistic cultures. The totality of linguistic and cultural contradictions gives rise to many barriers: social, psychological, linguistic. It is emphasized that their leveling is possible only when an integral contact is established between the communicator and the recipient where the fullness of speech activity is manifested and the essence of the linguistic personality is revealed.

Key words: intercultural communication, linguistic personality, multilingualism, linguo-mental complex, polylingual space, lexicode, cultural concept

Fatimet N. Khuako A Literary Text and Its Conceptual Perspective in The Conditions of The Russian-Circassian Bilingualism / annotation

Fatimet N. Khuako – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philology, Professor, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation.

The subject of the research is the Circassian aesthetics. The linguistic panorama of the Circassians carries the Russian-Circassian double-digit core, which explains the need to turn to the modern author`s creation of a text from the standpoint of communication, taking into account the ethno-peculiar in concrete aesthetics. It is emphasized that the attention of researchers to the issues of mental thinking in the double-digit linguistic design of a literary text is increasing today. It is shown that in the bilingual Russian-Circassian space, throughout its existence, textual impregnation has been combined into the presentation of various expressive means, semantically saturated with the Circassian mentality, designated as "mental phrasemes". It is concluded that word-creators, who are themselves native speakers of the national language, deliberately and systematically include in the text they produce, the corresponding expressive phrases, sometimes colloquial, but bearing the tonality necessary for the authors. The conclusion contains the idea that the modern Circassian author manages to consider in an artistic presentation philosophical truth that continue to fill mental interests to this day. As a methodology used in the study, the periodical comparison of the conceptual data available on the issue is mainly used, as well as the terminological analysis produced on its basis, which helps to capture an objective perspective of the problem with the involvement of textual illustrations.

Key words: literary text, ethnos, Circassian, bilingualism, mental phraseme

Elena V. Dashkova Ethnocultural Tourism in The Context of Intercultural Communication / annotation

Elena V. Dashkova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation

The concept of "tourism" is a base for a number of phenomena of human existence, directly related to going beyond the boundaries of their everyday life. That is why when we talk about tourism, it is usually not a business trip, but rather a recreational and cognitive journey. The article analyses ethnocultural tourism in the context of intercultural communication. It is justified that ethnocultural tourism, as a collection of tourism practices that demonstrate the most diverse sections of human existence in culture, plays one of the defining roles in the diversity of intercultural communication, familiarity with regional cultures and cognition of traditional ways, values and folk beliefs. Ethnocultural tourism can not only form the historical memory necessary for the formation of civic culture, but also act as a means of aesthetic enjoyment and cognition of forms of culture in their diversity. It has been suggested that ethnocultural tourism requires its participants to be more prepared and willing to learn the specifics of the peoples of Russia and the whole planet, which influences people who choose ethnocultural tourism as a leisure practice and at the same time a spiritual understanding of reality.

Key words: ethnocultural tourism, intercultural communication, historical memory, civic culture, values

(philosophy of religion, theology)

Igor M. Grekov, Olga A. Orlenko Christian Symbolism of Death in The Works of Representatives of Russian Religious Philosophy / annotation

Igor M. Grekov – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Ryazan State University, Ryazan, Russian Federation. Olga A. Orlenko – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The specificity and essential features of the Christian symbolism of death in Russian religious philosophers of the 19th-20th centuries are considered. It is noted that the low degree of elaboration of this topic creates the problem of translating Christian symbols in religious studies courses in modern Russian universities. The insufficient degree of development of such aspects of Christian symbolism as the establishment of the source of origin, the specificity of the image and the identification of the essential features of the Christian symbolism of death based on the study of the works of representatives of Russian religious philosophy is emphasized. The connection between the dual understanding of death that developed in Russian religious philosophy in the 19th-20th centuries and the specificity of the depiction of Christian symbols of death in religious art is revealed. The presence in Russian philosophy of both theological and psychological points of view on the interpretation of Christian symbols of death is noted. Based on the study of the works of L.P. Karsavin, N.A. Berdyaev, P.A. Florensky, S.N. Bulgakov, B.P. Vysheslavtsev, I.A. Ilyin and A.F. Losev, such Christian symbols of death as a cross, a solar eclipse, the head (skull) of Adam, a grain of wheat, an hourglass (time), a door, a flower are revealed. Examples of the embodiment of Christian symbols in religious art are given, it is concluded that the symbols of death in Russian religious philosophy are simultaneously symbols of resurrection.

Key words: od, Christian values, death, symbols of death, symbol of resurrection, image of death

(theory and history of culture (historical sciences))

Dmitry I. Uznarodov Ukrainian Population of Crimea in 1989-2014: Specifics of Demo-Graphic Transformations / annotation

Dmitry I. Uznarodov – Ph.D. in Philology, Research Fellow, Federal Research Centre the Southern Scientific Centre of The Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The specificity of the demographic transformations of the Ukrainian population of Crimea in the period from 1989 to 2014 is considered. Based on the analysis of the popu-lation censuses of 1989, 2001 and 2014, demographic changes within the Ukrainian ethnos are revealed during two periods: from 1989 to 2001 and from 2001 to 2014. The analysis of changes in the number of the Ukrainian ethnic group in the context of the municipalities of the Crimean Peninsula is carried out. It is concluded that the percent-age of the Ukrainian ethnic group in the structure of the population of the Crimean Peninsula, which we could observe in the period from 1989 to 2001, was formed as a result of the policy of resettlement of citizens to this region in the late 1940-s and early 1950-s from various republics of the Soviet Union, mainly the RSFSR and the Ukrainian SSR. It is noted that the regions with the maximum number of the Ukrainian ethnic group are historically located in the northern regions of the Crimean Peninsula, and with the smallest – in the southern regions. The study showed that changes in the ethnic structure began to occur after the events of 2014 and the entry of Crimea into the Russian Federation, when, according to the 2014 population census, the number of Ukrainians in the republic, compared to 2001, decreased by almost 9%. According to the analysis, if in the period from 1989 to 2001 the maximum scale of the decrease in the number of the Ukrainian ethnic group took place in the central part of the Crimean peninsula, then in the period from 2001 to 2014 the largest scale of the decrease in the number of the Ukrainian ethnic group was observed in the municipalities of the northern part of the Republic of Crimea, which, in our opinion, this is mainly due to the outflow of the population from these territories, due to the negative reaction of some Ukrainians to the events of the "Crimean Spring" 2014.

Key words: Crimean Peninsula, Ukrainian ethnic group, population, demography, ethnic structure

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'