ISSN 2414-1143


2021. N 3

Modern methodologies for the study of sociocultural phenomena
(social philosophy)

Ivan P. Getmanov System-Synergetic View on The Problem of Cultural Evolution / annotation

Ivan P. Getmanov – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article develops the idea of cultural evolution and coevolution of cultures. The author applies an evolutionary-synergetic approach to substantiate his views. The notion of cultural attractor is used to justify the idea of coevolutionary unification of cultures. The patterns of cultural development are such that subse-quent cultures are influenced by previous cultures. Humanity is in captivity of both ancient and new myths. The process of unification of cultures goes through a chaotic state, through periods of increasing entropy of social systems and national-ethnic cultures. The drama of cultural evolution lies in the fact that the mutual influence of cultures is not symmetrical. For the last two centuries, Western civilization has dominated in the socio-political, scientific and technical, and information technology fields. This has determined its dominance in the world. It is noted that different nations may dominate different areas of public life. It is also alleged that the acceleration of information processes and the formation of global information networks inevitably level the cultural differences of peoples. Three levels of coevolution of cultures are distinguished, each of which includes interactions between cultures simultaneous, one-space, different in time and different in space.

Key words: culture, evolution, co-evolution, mass culture, evolutionary-synergetic approach, levels of co-evolution, cultural attractor, unification of cultures

Andrey Yu. Smirnov Risks Of the Impact of Digital Technologies on The Main Function of The Institute of Education / annotation

Andrey Yu. Smirnov – Lecturer, Branch of the Air Force Academy named after Prof. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarin, Syzran, Samara region, Russian Federation.

The main goal of this article is to analyze the risks of mass introduction of digital technologies and their impact on the main function of the social institution of education. Regardless of the historically established scientific and conceptual approaches to the institutional structure of society, the main function of the institution in question is the educational one, which is usually divided into education and training, which are not synonyms, as many believe. Each of these elements has its own content and objectives. They determine the main social and status characteristics of a person, influencing his subsequent existence in society. This article contains a brief description of the digitalization process as the main phenomenon of our time, the significance of its impact on the development of all spheres of society is determined. The specificity is also indicated and the contradictory nature of the course of this process is shown: namely, the negative component of the influence of digitalization on the main function of the social institution of education is revealed. The significance of digital technologies is quite clearly marked and has a real manifestation in the life of every modern person. Learning and education processes are no exception. With the massive introduction of an innovation, along with the positive, there are always possible negative consequences. As a rule, they are probabilistic, often unpredictable. The materials of the scientific article contain the results of research demonstrating the specific manifestation of the predicted negative consequences and their objective existence in the modern education system.

Key words: institute of education, educational function, digitalization, digital technologies, intelligent technologies, risks of introducing digital technologies

Andrey Yu. Cherepanov Hybrid Wars of Our Time / annotation

Andrey Yu. Cherepanov – Senior Lecturer, Branch of the Air Force Academy named after Prof. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarin, Syzran, Samara region, Russian Federation.

The main goal of the article is to form an idea of modern hybrid warfare. The historical forms of hybridity and their transformation at the present stage are considered. The goals of hybrid wars, the reason for their occurrence, as well as the main participants in these conflicts are identified. Thus, in spite of the fact that it is obvious that hybridity has always been inherent in wars, modern hybrid wars have reached a completely new level. Initially, hybridity acted as an auxiliary function of classic wars. Now it is an absolutely independent system that unites interrelated elements, the work of which is aimed at achieving one goal. One of the main forms of modern hybrid warfare is the use of hidden, not always armed formations, the purpose of which is to destroy the stability of the existing government.

Key words: hybrid war, protest, irregular formations, the aggressor country, the destruction of the political system

(philosophical anthropology, philosophy of culture)

Zaira M. Salamova, Patimat M. Ramazanova, Khadizhat I. Abdulzhalilova Symbolic Markers of The National Identity of The Turkish People / annotation

Zaira M. Salamova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Patimat M. Ramazanova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Khadizhat I. Abdulzhalilova – Ph.D. in Philology, Teaching assistant, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

During life, people interpret the world around them with symbols acquired in the communities to which they belong. Symbols convey information and, therefore, demonstrate the cohesion and commitment of the nation, values and way of life. Symbolic markers of the Turkish nation, like any other, differ by certain means, which distinguishes them from others. Everything, from language to action in everyday life, can be taken for symbols, and this multilayering and universality makes studying symbols extremely important. Introducing the basic concept of a symbol, using semiotic and theoretical analysis, we demonstrate the identity of the Turkish people. For the purpose of studying the national symbols of the Turkish people, manifested in language, culture and national-civic identity, symbolic characteristics used to determine the identity of the Turkic-speaking people, as well as culture, national colour, music, cuisine and state national symbols, are considered. The epistemological approach has been applied, which determines the basis of this study in the de-velopment of a concept detailed part of the national symbols of the Turkish nation.

Key words: national symbols, markers, identity, Turkic-speaking people, national colour, Turkish cuisine

Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Sarat G. Hiyasova Modern Implementation of The Concept of Spiritual and Moral Education of Student Youth (On the Example of The Dagestan State Pedagogical University) / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The subject of consideration is the emerging practice of participation of public institutions in the spiritual and moral education of students and schoolchildren, and within its framework, the practice of state-religious partnership. The formed model of activity "university-school-social partnership" is analyzed. The process of forming a system of state-religious partnership in the spiritual and moral education of students is considered in more detail, carried out in the educational and pedagogical process by the teaching staff of the oldest in the North Caucasus Dagestan State Pedagogical University. Almost all faculties of the pedagogical university conduct disciplines - religious studies, the history of world religions. It is emphasized that the training of students in this direction is necessary for a modern specialist. On the basis of questionnaires, it was concluded that university students study with interest the peculiarities of the religions of Dagestan as a multi-national and polydenominational region of the Russian Federation, there is a growing interest in Muslim law and religious disciplines in general. This interest is explained not only by the recognition of the serious contribution of Muslim lawyers to the world legal culture, but also by the role that Islam plays in the modern world, which has a direct impact on the political situation in many countries and the system of international relations in general.

Key words: state, schoolchildren, students, spiritual and moral education, clergy, denomination, social partnership

Fatimet N. Khuako Intertextuality Of the Genre, Taking into Account Dialogization and National Applicability / annotation

Fatimet N. Khuako – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philology, Professor, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation.

The chronology of the development of the terminological components of the intertext is investigated, some stages of study in domestic and foreign philological, sociological and cultural science are highlighted. The article examines and analyzes step by step the definitions of intertext and intertextuality in the works of N. Fateeva, D. Bagretsov, G. Burkitbaeva, N. Feyklau, Yu. Kristeva, M. Kremshokalova and others. national applicability. The contemporary impact of mythical postmodernism is considered. It is shown that many of the current tendencies of postmodernism have acquired their own linguopoetics in the Circassian prose of the new millennium. The intertext and inter-discourse that we distinguish work with specific linguistic and semantic features of certain exclamations, causing the inter-genre of these fragments in the corresponding (including Adyghe) language. In this way, the author`s creation, opposed to the author`s departure, does not at all oppose the intertext, since the latter is also defined as the balance of verbal statements. At the same time, taking into account the multitude of interpretations of the recipient available in the minds and forced by the literary line, one of its most important aspects is the understanding of the subscriber, which is just a reliable intertextual resource.

Key words: intertext, discourse, fiction, postmodernity, communication, speech act

(religion studies)

Tamara A. Bondarenko Transformational Effects of Virtual Reality / annotation

Tamara A. Bondarenko – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The concept of virtual reality is reconstructed, which is defined as a symbolic, in fact, objectively and actually existing reality. It is initially set by a person; it is dynamic and actively interacts with the person and society as a whole. Being symbolic in nature, it objectively exists only in the consciousness of a person at the moment of being in it. It is noted that due to these properties, virtual reality acts as a significant factor of influence on a person, which is ambivalent in nature, has both positive (lability, new communicative experience, relaxation, etc.) and negative (psychological discomfort, current stress, dependent behaviour, etc.) consequences. Indicated changes in the self-consciousness of the individual are manifested in socially significant actions for the individual. It is shown that virtual reality can help to reveal the inner world of a person, especially his hidden desires, thoughts, and gravitations. Through it, a person can receive moral support, which in general will increase self-esteem, positively affect the psychological state and ensure confident and effective behaviour. The article points to the relevance of the problems both from the point of view of philosophy and from the point of view of practical significance, especially in the field of psychology and pedagogy.

Key words: virtual reality, self-awareness, ambivalence, factor potential of virtual reality, virtual behaviour

(theory and history of culture)

Evgeny P. Agapov, Lyudmila P. Pendyurina Logical Culture of Ancient Rus / annotation

Evgeny P. Agapov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Lyudmila P. Pendyurina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article is devoted to the formation of logic in Russia, which began in the 18th century. However, its prerequisites go into much deeper layers of Russian culture. The logical culture of any society is a characteristic set of stereotypes of thinking, which is manifested in the methods of argumentation, as well as in the ability to evaluate inferences, develop hypotheses, systematize objects, etc. The first logical and philosophical treatise in Ancient Rus is considered to be the "Anthology of Svyatoslav," the logical part of which contained a presentation of the Aristotelian treatise "Categories," as well as a commentary on it, written in the 3rd century by the Syrian logician Porphyry. More extensive logical material could be drawn from the translations and renditions of "Dialectics," written in the 8th century by Byzantine theologian John of Damascus. The Aristotelian categories were considered in them, as well as judgment and categorical syllogism. The emergence of logic in Russia was associated not only with its internal objective laws, but also with needs for the development of those areas of theoretical and practical activity in which the important role was assigned to the validity and persuasiveness of reasoning. Mathematics and philosophy were the most important among the areas of theoretical activity. Governance of community and veche was the most important among the areas of practical activity. The development of logical culture, which began in Ancient Rus in the 11th century, in the 18th century led to the formation of logic in Russia. But it took decades for logic in Russia to become an independent science.

Key words: culture, logical culture, ancient Russian culture, logic as a science, logic prerequisites, doctrine of inference

Irina K. Dzhioeva, Nodar G. Caberty, Albert V. Techov Social Infrastructure Services as A Factor of The Economic Development of South Ossetia During the Period of The Planned and Administrative Economic System / annotation

Irina K. Dzhioeva – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinvali, Republic of South Ossetia.
Nodar G. Koberti – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia, Russian Federation.
Albert V. Techov – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinvali, Republic of South Ossetia.

Considering the opinion of a number of scientists, the revolutionary explosion in 1917 was not so much a natural change of economic formations, as a form of resolving the most acute contradictions of Russian society in the socio-economic sphere. One of the main contradictions was the lag of Russia from industrialized countries both in the direction of the development of technology and labor productivity and the general culture of the population. It is justified that the development of infrastructure services sector during the period of the planned economy contributed to economic growth and was important in solving the strategic tasks of the country`s economic development for the effective use of material and labor resources, since insufficient level of its development is a significant deterrent to achieving economic growth, which requires state policy strengthening in relation to infrastructure services sector. Objects of social and household infrastructure create opportunities to meet both the biological needs of a person for creation of conditions for his survival as a member of a social community, and from the point of view of his existence and realization as a person. The formation of these minimal needs and the process of their implementation in relation to the Soviet period are insufficiently studied, which is explained by certain socio-economic reasons, one of which is disregard for the social needs of a person. The study of the socio-economic needs of the population, including in the dynamics of its development, is necessary for the more complete understanding of the social policy of the Soviet state, and determining the degree of its influence on the daily life of the people.

Key words: social sphere, income of the population, the presence of imbalances, socio-economic situation, essential commodities

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'