ISSN 2414-1143


2022. N 1

History, culture and security problems of the Black Sea region
(social and political philosophy)

Madina Z. Magomedova Diversified Identity in The Information Society / annotation

Madina Z. Magomedova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, leading research worker, Regional Center for Ethnopolitical Studies, Dagestan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

The problems of the influence of information technology advances on the socio-cultural identification of modern man are considered. The degree of influence of technology on the individual has led to a diversification of identity, combining both traditional forms and new opportunities for positioning oneself in virtual space. In the world of the new technological reality, the human perception of social space has changed. People identify themselves to a lesser extent with ethnic, religious and civic communities, and the boundaries of identity become blurred and lose their clearly indicated scopes. It is noted that identity acquires characteristics such as diversity, fragmentation, variability, contextuality, uncertainty and simulation. Along with the changes in reality, identity is also transforming, and the criteria of identification are expanding, some of which are being lost, while others are being preserved. The article presents the forecasts of Western and domestic sociologists of the XX century about the increasing influence of digital technologies on all spheres of life in the future.

Key words: person, identity, identification, diversification, information society, technology

Dmitry I. Uznarodov The Formation Specifics of The Political System of The Republic of Crimea in The Post-Soviet Period / annotation

Dmitry I. Uznarodov – Ph.D. in Political Science, Research Fellow, Federal Research Centre the Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The main stages of the formation of the political system of the Republic of Crimea in the post-Soviet period are considered, as well as their main features and key aspects of its transformation are analyzed. In total, four stages were identified in the formation of the political system of the Republic of Crimea: 1992-1994; 1995-2006; 2006-2014; 2014-present time. The first stage was characterized by features of a transformative regime with a presidential form of government that was still being formed and a party system with a dominant party. The specific features of the second stage were the political crisis in the region associated with the rejection of the presidential republic, as well as the transition to a parliamentary republic and a majoritarian electoral system. The third stage in the formation of the political system of the Republic of Crimea was characterized by the transformation of the party system towards a system with a dominant party, which, starting from 2006, was the "Party of Regions" for eight years. The form of government at this stage did not undergo any changes, representing, as before, a parliamentary republic. This stage was also distinguished by a change in the party system and the transition in 2006, first to a proportional electoral system, and later, in 2010, a return to a mixed electoral system, characteristic of the political process of the Republic of Crimea in the period from 1992 to 1994. After 2014, a new stage in the formation of the political system of the Republic of Crimea began, associated with the transition to a presidential form of government. At the same time, the party and electoral systems have not changed. As in the period from 2006 to 2014, the republic currently has a party system with a dominant party (the difference is that United Russia has become the dominant political force instead of the Party of Regions), as well as a mixed electoral system.

Key words: Crimean Peninsula, Ukrainian ethnic group, population, demography, ethnic structure

Tamara A. Bondarenko, Veronika S. Vlasova Social Interaction on The Territory of Winepark Health Resort Complex Mriya Resort&Spa (Crimea) / annotation

Tamara A. Bondarenko – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Veronika S. Vlasova – student, The Higher School of Business, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Social interaction is revealed as a manifestation of social exchange, the main task of which is to create a unique product in the process of developing the terroir and landscape of the Crimean region. The elements of the cyclic system of exchange processes are highlighted: vine, terroir and people. The analysis of such a distinctive property of all the exchange processes of the wine destination of the health resort complex "MRIYA RESORT&SPA" as emergence, the essence of which goes beyond the paradigm of economic exchange, is carried out. The types of social exchanges on the territory of Winepark are reconstructed and the characteristics of the main exchange processes are given, which include the reification by specialists of their skills and knowledge in improving the terroir, communicative interpersonal interaction between employees and interaction with guests, the result of which is a new impression acting as a new marketing product. It is shown that value relations transform exchange processes into not direct economic, but containing humanistic ideals, spiritual values.

Key words: social exchange, social interaction, wine destination, terroir, symbolic interactionism

Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Magomed A. Ibragimov Socio-Philosophical Analysis of Extremism and Terrorism / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Magomed A. Ibragimov – Ph.D. in Law, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

There is an attempt to make a comprehensive analysis of such an ambiguous phenomenon as modern terrorism and extremism. Not only the ideological and historical roots of extremism and terrorism, the reasons for its activation in modern conditions are revealed, much attention is paid to the analysis of the problems of prevention and counteraction to these phenomena. Based on the analysis of the regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Dagestan, materials of conferences of various levels devoted to these issues, it is noted that among Russian scientists there is still a significant spread of opinions regarding the theoretical definition of terrorism and extremism and ways to improve the fighting against them in our country. It is emphasized that the most important instrument of antiterrorist policy is awareness, knowledge, specificity and preparedness for emergency situations in a multicultural region.

Key words: terrorism, extremism, Russian Federation Criminal Code, Federal law, ideology, politics, society

(philosophy of religion and religious studies)

Mercurius (Igor V. Ivanov) Topical Issues of The Worldview Formation of Youth in The Teaching of Disciplines of Spiritual and Moral Orientation in Educational Organizations of The Rostov Region / annotation

Mercurius (Igor V. Ivanov) – Head of the Don Metropolia, Metropolitan of Rostov and Novocherkassk, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Galina S. Kharlamova Faith As Action (Reception of A.S. Khomyakov's Ideas) / annotation

Galina S. Kharlamova – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate professor, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article aims to support the National Project "Education", the formation of students` basic (universal) skills that accompany the processes of personal formation of a person. It is noted that the processes of self-identification of person are connected with manifestation of all his abilities - not only mind, feelings, experiences, but also will, belief. A historical and philosophical overview of different approaches to the understanding of faith is presented. It shows the dependence of solutions to the problem of faith on the paradigm of a particular era. The complex character of modern domestic philosophers` research, studying both epistemology and substantive aspects of faith, is emphasized. The question of the possibility of understanding faith as an ontologically rooted property of person, which conditions his actions, is discussed. The methodology of philosophical anthropology is used, pointing out the openness of person to the world, his ability to interpret faith as an ideological universal. Ideas Reception of A.S. Chomiakova allowed us to characterize faith as a state that requires its obligatory manifestation. It is shown that faith, as a way of human activity, is the basis for the formation of a unique personality with a value attitude to the world, characterizes the moral aspect of human existence. It is concluded that faith, knowledge and action are inseparable.

Key words: education, faith, mind, character building, Russian religious philosophy

(philosophical anthropology, philosophy of culture)

Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Sarat G. Hiyasova The Influence of Customs and Traditions on The Formation and Spiritual Development of Society in The Multicultural Region / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The peoples of Dagestan have accumulated many creative traditions and customs over their centuries-old history. It is shown that it is in traditions and customs that the national character of the people, their mentality, life priorities and ideals are embodied. Such an important sign as continuity is emphasized, which in turn is one of the most important conditions for spiritual development in the modern multicultural region. People`s morality, embedded in traditions and customs, has a pervasive ability, regulates interpersonal relations in all social spheres, including education. It is especially noted that customs and traditions acquire special significance in the conditions of multicul-turalism of the Dagestan region, where each people, regardless of the size and composition of the population, has their own special customs and traditions. Hence, in the conditions of multinational Dagestan, the problems of the development and functioning of national cultures, the tasks of preserving the national-ethnic components of spiritual culture, customs and traditions, the way of life, and folk crafts have always been relevant.

Key words: traditions, customs, culture, morality, spirituality, Dagestan

Narine L. Wiegel, Olga Yu. Zhukovets Virtual-Digital Environment as A Phenomenon of Modern Culture / annotation

Narine L. Wiegel – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Olga Yu. Zhukovets – Ph.D. in Philosophy, State Maritime University, Novorossiysk, Russian Federation.

The article analyzes the modern aspects of virtual culture associated with the creation of a modern virtual environment as a reflection of reality. Technology is a generative force that transforms culture. At the end of the 20th century, one more type of information culture arose caused by the development of computer technology and the advent of the Internet. By means of audiovisual format and information, the so-called "virtual" (imaginary) reality is created, addressed both to the individual and the mass consumer. The authors consider virtualization and digitalization of culture, which revived its relevance during the COVID-19 pandemic, the cultural sector is in a hurry to adapt events, exhibitions and experiences for a fully digital audience.

Key words: virtual environment, virtual culture, pandemic, virtual opportunities, digital interest, virtual media

(theory and history of culture)

Olesya S. Makarova, Artem S. Goncharov Kuban Cossack Balachka: Diachronic and Linguocultural Aspects / annotation

Olesya S. Makarova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Artem S. Goncharov – Student, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The authors investigate the peculiarities of the dialect of the Kuban Cossacks in the nineteenth century and in modern times. The lexicon, morphology and phonetics of the dialect, the historical and cultural development of the language of the Kuban Cossacks and its separation from the formed Don balachka are studied in most detail. The topicality of the subject lies in the necessity of a more detailed research of the oral and written traditions of the Kuban language group, interaction with which will provide valuable linguistic information about the specifics of speech, speech-creative activity and illumination of the current folklore of the Kuban Cossacks in the Stavropol Territory. Practical significance of the study lies in the fact that the materials of the study can be used to study the Cossacks and, in particular, the culture of the Kuban, modern social and ethnic norms, the customs of the descendants of the Cossacks of Kuban, which seems undoubtedly important for the preservation of general cultural traditions of the past. The scientific novelty of the work is due to a particular study of the linguistic peculiarities and dialect of the Kuban balachka, using a comprehensive analysis. Тhe methodological apparatus of the study consists of general scientific, linguistic, special historical and sociological research methods. The results of the study can be used as a theoretical basis for the creation of techniques and forms of linguistic interaction with the Kuban people within the framework of increasing the level of intercultural communication in the North Caucasus Federal District. Materials of the article in the regional context can be used in the lessons on «History», «Regional Studies», «Literature», the study of a number of topics in the framework of language, history and cultural disciplines in higher education, as well as for the purpose of educational activities on the culture of the Stavropol Territory.

Key words: dialect, vocabulary, phonetics, reduction, isogloss, Cossacks, Kuban

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'