ISSN 2414-1143


2022. N 2

Cultural-Historical and Ethno-Confessional Region Studies
(social and political philosophy)

Anastasiya V. Perekrestova Background Knowledge as A Sociocultural Factor in The Development of Science / annotation

Anastasiya V. Perekrestova – Ph.D. student, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The urgent demands of the present, as well as the epistemological interests in which mankind`s intentions regarding the prediction of future forms of studying reality, as well as its transformation, are the most important factors that determine the movement of knowledge as a whole. The development of knowledge in the world occurs through a huge number of existing sciences. In fact, all of them represent a variety of directions of this information expansion. Throughout history, the justification and analysis of the most common foundations of human knowledge, as well as the identification of their prerequisites, have always referred to the most pressing tasks of knowledge, the importance of which is not only scientifically and theoretically, but also socially and practically beyond doubt. From this perspective, consideration of the specifics of background knowledge, which acts as a vector of the epistemological process and the fundamental mechanism for the development of culture, is super actual and valuable. Having a worldview orientation, background knowledge not only contributes to the formation of a historically adequate picture of the world, but also reveals a powerful prognostic potential.

Key words: background knowledge, science, scientific and technological progress, future, cognitive activity, search for truth, historical conditionalism, culture

(philosophical anthropology, philosophy of culture)

Evgeny E. Nesmeyanov Lies As a Life-Purpose Value of Modern Western Worldview / annotation

Evgeny E. Nesmeyanov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The most significant results and conclusions of the concepts of lies and deceit in modern Western culture are considered. It is shown that most of these concepts advance an idea of the value of lies and deceit for the formation of the person, the achievement of political, economic and cultural hegemony of Western civilization. The denial of lies and deceit as existential values is proclaimed only in religious philosophy or confessional-coloured humanitarian knowledge of the 20th-21st centuries.

Key words: lies, deceit, values, culture, Western civilization

Alexander A. Kazakov Military Ethos in The Culture of Russian Society: History and Modernity / annotation

Alexander A. Kazakov – Teacher, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University. Novocherkassk, Rostov region, Russian Federation.

The purpose of the article is to explain the main cultural and anthropological aspects of the military ethos corresponding to the leading trends in the development of the culture of modern Russian society. It has been established that the military ethos, which prevails precisely among the Russian military, continues to be a largely conservative form of national culture and also plays a key role in the development of modern patriotism including providing mass culture with elements of positive entertainment based on explication fundamental for our country military-historical events of the past. The scientific novelty of the study lies in the totality of the results obtained revealing the role of the military ethos in the culture of modern Russian society taking into account both technological and socio-cultural innovations, as well as the military-historical past of the country.

Key words: military ethos, military culture, military innovations, Russian society, cultural heritage, existential aspects of military service, war robotization

Fatimet N. Khuako Newly Scripted Coining of New Words in Adygea: Start-Up (AAR) And Current (RA) Trends / annotation

Fatimet N. Khuako – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philology, Professor, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation.

An overview of the creative era of Adyghe writers of the Adyghe Autonomous Region of the Soviet period and the subsequent republican territory has been made. Due to the low level of knowledge of the art material under study, such an overview is relevant. The author traces the initial steps, the formation and the subsequent development of the prose texts of Adyghe authors. Thematically, the writers of Adygea at the beginning of the century mainly actualized the problematic of collision with the previous world order, and often gender. The turn to factual portrayal, and with it the chronicling of events, convincingly happened later. Already in the second half of the last century, it appeared in the artistic syllable of such Adyghe writers as Iskhak Mashbash, Dzhambulat Koshubaev, NalbiiKuek, Yunus Chuyako and others. Postmodern inclusions of the 1990s. of the twentieth century in the modern literature were reflected in a more recent, closer to the new century, mythological poetics of Adygea. Ethnic coloring, themes, historicity, lyricism, address to the person - all these turns during the last and the beginning of the present centuries are analyzed with the conclusion about features of creative activity of Adygea writers. We believe that the literary material discussed in the article also allows us to speak about the specificity of the Adyghe ethnos as an independent, highly regulated (both socially and culturally) formation. The personal style of narration, generalization and tracing of the temperament of a not always understandable, sometimes mysterious character, etc., are noticeable in the fiction texts. All these and similar but highly unusual textual techniques for ethics served as proof of the creative progress of the analyzed authors.

Key words: Adyghe prose, writer, geographical Adygea, development

(philosophy of religion and religious studies)

Nina G. Keleberda, Asiya I. Ryaboshapka Specifics Of Relations Between State and Church in Modern Georgia / annotation

Nina G. Keleberda – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Rostov Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Asiya I. Ryaboshapka – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, Rostov Branch of the Russian Customs Academy, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Features of the model of state-religious relations that have developed so far in Georgia are being considered. The position of the Georgian Orthodox Church in Georgian society is due to the historical and social significance of its activities in the most difficult post-Soviet period of the formation of Georgian independence. It is argued that the presence of religion, using the example of the Georgian Orthodox Church in Georgian society, is a special model, different from Russian, and generally uncharacteristic for Orthodoxy. This model allowed the clergy of the Georgian Orthodox Church to actively participate in the ongoing internal political and socio-cultural processes, thereby contributing to the strengthening of the power of the Church in society. As a result, the Georgian Orthodox Church has become a powerful institution in the public sphere, although the principle of separation of church from state is legally binding.

Key words: Georgian Orthodox Church, state-church relations, public space, secularism

(theory and history of culture)

Elena K. Sklyarova, Olga N. Kamalova Parliamentary Investigations in Britain During the Crimean War / annotation

Elena K. Sklyarova – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in History, Professor, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Olga N. Kamalova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

In this research, parliamentary investigations in the UK during the Crimean War (1853-1856) are under consideration. On the basis of the historical-genetic method of research, the features of the domestic and foreign policy of the government of Aberdeen, which was dismissed after the end of the war, are analyzed. It is shown that there were disagreements in the government regarding the country`s entry into the war, the organization of medical and military departments. The war became part of a factional and cross-party struggle for power. During the Crimean War, soldiers of the British army died in military hospitals from epidemics of typhus and cholera, lack of food and medical supplies. The military expedition to the Crimea, undertaken by Great Britain using funds insufficient to carry out military operations, became the reason for parliamentary investigations and the resignation of the British government. The object of criticism of the parliament was the lack of vehicles, the outdated system of military training, medical and food security. Corruption in the British government and the army, the commission system was named as the reason for the death of British soldiers in the Crimea. Parliamentary investigations were considered a national affair, which was supposed to lead to a restructuring of the state system. The consequences of the war were the reorganization of the administration of the army and the care of the wounded, an attempt to overcome corruption in Britain and the resignation of the government.

Key words: Crimean War, Great Britain, Russian Empire, Ottoman Empire, public health, corruption

Elena B. Ivushkina, Alisa A. Kholodova Ethnographic Resources: Peculiarities of Use / annotation

Elena B. Ivushkina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.
Alisa A. Kholodova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Rostov Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

In connection with the active development of domestic tourism in the Russian Federation, it is necessary to develop as many destinations and types of tourism as possible. Modern urbanized society pays close attention to the preservation of the ethnic identity of peoples. Since ancient times, the culture of peoples has remained an integral part of the development of society. Acquaintance with the culture and customs of different peoples enriches the spiritual world of a person, contributes to broadening of outlook. A way to get acquainted with this culture is tourist travel, for the organization of which it is necessary to develop routes based on the selection of such objects that will arouse undoubted interest among tourists.

Key words: ethnography, tourism, tourist resources

Olesya S. Makarova, Svetlana A. Molchanenko, Artyom S. Goncharov Gender Aspect of the Cossacks' Song Traditions of Kuban and Stavropol Territory / annotation

Olesya S. Makarova– Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation. Svetlana A. Molchanenko – Ph.D. in Economics, Senior Lecturer, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation. Artem S. Goncharov – Student, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The authors investigate the peculiarities of gender in the folklore of the Cossacks of the Kuban region and the Stavropol Province, analyzing the songs of the Cossacks, taking into account male and female speech-making peculiarities. The relevance of the research lies in the necessity of more detailed study of the Kuban and Stavropol Cossack song traditions as a linguistic group, interaction with which would provide valuable information for illumination of the current folklore of the regional Cossack group in the historical space of the southern provinces of the Russian Empire. The gender aspect in the speech-making of the Cossacks of the Stavropol Province was especially relevant due to the fact that the majority of the population came from immigrants from other provinces, where female song traditions were developed. The gender potential of the songs of the settlers of Volga province is especially worth mentioning, where the moral tunes were widespread in common, family songs with borrowing of characteristic elements of marching songs. The source base of the study is represented by ethnographic and written types of historical sources, among which the most valuable are ethnographic expeditions of L.A. Jacoby and A.D. Bigdai, as well as the works of contemporary historians and governors of Stavropol. Within the framework of this study, we use a set of special-historical and linguistic methods. The results of the study can be used as a theoretical basis for the creation within the framework of increasing the level of intercultural communication between the Cossack communities in the North Caucasus Federal District, as well as for the purpose of educational activities on the culture of Krasnodar territory and Stavropol territory.

Key words: Kuban, Stavropol, gender, folklore, song, tradition, everyday motive

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'