ISSN 2414-1143

ANNOTATIONS

2022 N 1 – Madina Z. Magomedova Diversified Identity in The Information Society

Madina Z. Magomedova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, leading research worker, Regional Center for Ethnopolitical Studies, Dagestan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

The problems of the influence of information technology advances on the socio-cultural identification of modern man are considered. The degree of influence of technology on the individual has led to a diversification of identity, combining both traditional forms and new opportunities for positioning oneself in virtual space. In the world of the new technological reality, the human perception of social space has changed. People identify themselves to a lesser extent with ethnic, religious and civic communities, and the boundaries of identity become blurred and lose their clearly indicated scopes. It is noted that identity acquires characteristics such as diversity, fragmentation, variability, contextuality, uncertainty and simulation. Along with the changes in reality, identity is also transforming, and the criteria of identification are expanding, some of which are being lost, while others are being preserved. The article presents the forecasts of Western and domestic sociologists of the XX century about the increasing influence of digital technologies on all spheres of life in the future.

Key words: person, identity, identification, diversification, information society, technology

2022 N 1 – Dmitry I. Uznarodov The Formation Specifics of The Political System of The Republic of Crimea in The Post-Soviet Period

Dmitry I. Uznarodov – Ph.D. in Political Science, Research Fellow, Federal Research Centre the Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The main stages of the formation of the political system of the Republic of Crimea in the post-Soviet period are considered, as well as their main features and key aspects of its transformation are analyzed. In total, four stages were identified in the formation of the political system of the Republic of Crimea: 1992-1994; 1995-2006; 2006-2014; 2014-present time. The first stage was characterized by features of a transformative regime with a presidential form of government that was still being formed and a party system with a dominant party. The specific features of the second stage were the political crisis in the region associated with the rejection of the presidential republic, as well as the transition to a parliamentary republic and a majoritarian electoral system. The third stage in the formation of the political system of the Republic of Crimea was characterized by the transformation of the party system towards a system with a dominant party, which, starting from 2006, was the "Party of Regions" for eight years. The form of government at this stage did not undergo any changes, representing, as before, a parliamentary republic. This stage was also distinguished by a change in the party system and the transition in 2006, first to a proportional electoral system, and later, in 2010, a return to a mixed electoral system, characteristic of the political process of the Republic of Crimea in the period from 1992 to 1994. After 2014, a new stage in the formation of the political system of the Republic of Crimea began, associated with the transition to a presidential form of government. At the same time, the party and electoral systems have not changed. As in the period from 2006 to 2014, the republic currently has a party system with a dominant party (the difference is that United Russia has become the dominant political force instead of the Party of Regions), as well as a mixed electoral system.

Key words: Crimean Peninsula, Ukrainian ethnic group, population, demography, ethnic structure

2022 N 1 – Tamara A. Bondarenko, Veronika S. Vlasova Social Interaction on The Territory of Winepark Health Resort Complex Mriya Resort&Spa (Crimea)

Tamara A. Bondarenko – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Veronika S. Vlasova – student, The Higher School of Business, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Social interaction is revealed as a manifestation of social exchange, the main task of which is to create a unique product in the process of developing the terroir and landscape of the Crimean region. The elements of the cyclic system of exchange processes are highlighted: vine, terroir and people. The analysis of such a distinctive property of all the exchange processes of the wine destination of the health resort complex "MRIYA RESORT&SPA" as emergence, the essence of which goes beyond the paradigm of economic exchange, is carried out. The types of social exchanges on the territory of Winepark are reconstructed and the characteristics of the main exchange processes are given, which include the reification by specialists of their skills and knowledge in improving the terroir, communicative interpersonal interaction between employees and interaction with guests, the result of which is a new impression acting as a new marketing product. It is shown that value relations transform exchange processes into not direct economic, but containing humanistic ideals, spiritual values.

Key words: social exchange, social interaction, wine destination, terroir, symbolic interactionism

2022 N 1 – Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Magomed A. Ibragimov Socio-Philosophical Analysis of Extremism and Terrorism

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Magomed A. Ibragimov – Ph.D. in Law, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

There is an attempt to make a comprehensive analysis of such an ambiguous phenomenon as modern terrorism and extremism. Not only the ideological and historical roots of extremism and terrorism, the reasons for its activation in modern conditions are revealed, much attention is paid to the analysis of the problems of prevention and counteraction to these phenomena. Based on the analysis of the regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Dagestan, materials of conferences of various levels devoted to these issues, it is noted that among Russian scientists there is still a significant spread of opinions regarding the theoretical definition of terrorism and extremism and ways to improve the fighting against them in our country. It is emphasized that the most important instrument of antiterrorist policy is awareness, knowledge, specificity and preparedness for emergency situations in a multicultural region.

Key words: terrorism, extremism, Russian Federation Criminal Code, Federal law, ideology, politics, society

2022 N 1 – Galina S. Kharlamova Faith As Action (Reception of A.S. Khomyakov's Ideas)

Galina S. Kharlamova – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate professor, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article aims to support the National Project "Education", the formation of students` basic (universal) skills that accompany the processes of personal formation of a person. It is noted that the processes of self-identification of person are connected with manifestation of all his abilities - not only mind, feelings, experiences, but also will, belief. A historical and philosophical overview of different approaches to the understanding of faith is presented. It shows the dependence of solutions to the problem of faith on the paradigm of a particular era. The complex character of modern domestic philosophers` research, studying both epistemology and substantive aspects of faith, is emphasized. The question of the possibility of understanding faith as an ontologically rooted property of person, which conditions his actions, is discussed. The methodology of philosophical anthropology is used, pointing out the openness of person to the world, his ability to interpret faith as an ideological universal. Ideas Reception of A.S. Chomiakova allowed us to characterize faith as a state that requires its obligatory manifestation. It is shown that faith, as a way of human activity, is the basis for the formation of a unique personality with a value attitude to the world, characterizes the moral aspect of human existence. It is concluded that faith, knowledge and action are inseparable.

Key words: education, faith, mind, character building, Russian religious philosophy

2022 N 1 – Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Sarat G. Hiyasova The Influence of Customs and Traditions on The Formation and Spiritual Development of Society in The Multicultural Region

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The peoples of Dagestan have accumulated many creative traditions and customs over their centuries-old history. It is shown that it is in traditions and customs that the national character of the people, their mentality, life priorities and ideals are embodied. Such an important sign as continuity is emphasized, which in turn is one of the most important conditions for spiritual development in the modern multicultural region. People`s morality, embedded in traditions and customs, has a pervasive ability, regulates interpersonal relations in all social spheres, including education. It is especially noted that customs and traditions acquire special significance in the conditions of multicul-turalism of the Dagestan region, where each people, regardless of the size and composition of the population, has their own special customs and traditions. Hence, in the conditions of multinational Dagestan, the problems of the development and functioning of national cultures, the tasks of preserving the national-ethnic components of spiritual culture, customs and traditions, the way of life, and folk crafts have always been relevant.

Key words: traditions, customs, culture, morality, spirituality, Dagestan

2022 N 1 – Narine L. Wiegel, Olga Yu. Zhukovets Virtual-Digital Environment as A Phenomenon of Modern Culture

Narine L. Wiegel – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Olga Yu. Zhukovets – Ph.D. in Philosophy, State Maritime University, Novorossiysk, Russian Federation.

The article analyzes the modern aspects of virtual culture associated with the creation of a modern virtual environment as a reflection of reality. Technology is a generative force that transforms culture. At the end of the 20th century, one more type of information culture arose caused by the development of computer technology and the advent of the Internet. By means of audiovisual format and information, the so-called "virtual" (imaginary) reality is created, addressed both to the individual and the mass consumer. The authors consider virtualization and digitalization of culture, which revived its relevance during the COVID-19 pandemic, the cultural sector is in a hurry to adapt events, exhibitions and experiences for a fully digital audience.

Key words: virtual environment, virtual culture, pandemic, virtual opportunities, digital interest, virtual media

2022 N 1 – Olesya S. Makarova, Artem S. Goncharov Kuban Cossack Balachka: Diachronic and Linguocultural Aspects

Olesya S. Makarova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Artem S. Goncharov – Student, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The authors investigate the peculiarities of the dialect of the Kuban Cossacks in the nineteenth century and in modern times. The lexicon, morphology and phonetics of the dialect, the historical and cultural development of the language of the Kuban Cossacks and its separation from the formed Don balachka are studied in most detail. The topicality of the subject lies in the necessity of a more detailed research of the oral and written traditions of the Kuban language group, interaction with which will provide valuable linguistic information about the specifics of speech, speech-creative activity and illumination of the current folklore of the Kuban Cossacks in the Stavropol Territory. Practical significance of the study lies in the fact that the materials of the study can be used to study the Cossacks and, in particular, the culture of the Kuban, modern social and ethnic norms, the customs of the descendants of the Cossacks of Kuban, which seems undoubtedly important for the preservation of general cultural traditions of the past. The scientific novelty of the work is due to a particular study of the linguistic peculiarities and dialect of the Kuban balachka, using a comprehensive analysis. Тhe methodological apparatus of the study consists of general scientific, linguistic, special historical and sociological research methods. The results of the study can be used as a theoretical basis for the creation of techniques and forms of linguistic interaction with the Kuban people within the framework of increasing the level of intercultural communication in the North Caucasus Federal District. Materials of the article in the regional context can be used in the lessons on «History», «Regional Studies», «Literature», the study of a number of topics in the framework of language, history and cultural disciplines in higher education, as well as for the purpose of educational activities on the culture of the Stavropol Territory.

Key words: dialect, vocabulary, phonetics, reduction, isogloss, Cossacks, Kuban

2022 N 2 – Anastasiya V. Perekrestova Background Knowledge as A Sociocultural Factor in The Development of Science

Anastasiya V. Perekrestova – Ph.D. student, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The urgent demands of the present, as well as the epistemological interests in which mankind`s intentions regarding the prediction of future forms of studying reality, as well as its transformation, are the most important factors that determine the movement of knowledge as a whole. The development of knowledge in the world occurs through a huge number of existing sciences. In fact, all of them represent a variety of directions of this information expansion. Throughout history, the justification and analysis of the most common foundations of human knowledge, as well as the identification of their prerequisites, have always referred to the most pressing tasks of knowledge, the importance of which is not only scientifically and theoretically, but also socially and practically beyond doubt. From this perspective, consideration of the specifics of background knowledge, which acts as a vector of the epistemological process and the fundamental mechanism for the development of culture, is super actual and valuable. Having a worldview orientation, background knowledge not only contributes to the formation of a historically adequate picture of the world, but also reveals a powerful prognostic potential.

Key words: background knowledge, science, scientific and technological progress, future, cognitive activity, search for truth, historical conditionalism, culture

2022 N 2 – Evgeny E. Nesmeyanov Lies As a Life-Purpose Value of Modern Western Worldview

Evgeny E. Nesmeyanov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The most significant results and conclusions of the concepts of lies and deceit in modern Western culture are considered. It is shown that most of these concepts advance an idea of the value of lies and deceit for the formation of the person, the achievement of political, economic and cultural hegemony of Western civilization. The denial of lies and deceit as existential values is proclaimed only in religious philosophy or confessional-coloured humanitarian knowledge of the 20th-21st centuries.

Key words: lies, deceit, values, culture, Western civilization

2022 N 2 – Alexander A. Kazakov Military Ethos in The Culture of Russian Society: History and Modernity

Alexander A. Kazakov – Teacher, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University. Novocherkassk, Rostov region, Russian Federation.

The purpose of the article is to explain the main cultural and anthropological aspects of the military ethos corresponding to the leading trends in the development of the culture of modern Russian society. It has been established that the military ethos, which prevails precisely among the Russian military, continues to be a largely conservative form of national culture and also plays a key role in the development of modern patriotism including providing mass culture with elements of positive entertainment based on explication fundamental for our country military-historical events of the past. The scientific novelty of the study lies in the totality of the results obtained revealing the role of the military ethos in the culture of modern Russian society taking into account both technological and socio-cultural innovations, as well as the military-historical past of the country.

Key words: military ethos, military culture, military innovations, Russian society, cultural heritage, existential aspects of military service, war robotization

2022 N 2 – Fatimet N. Khuako Newly Scripted Coining of New Words in Adygea: Start-Up (AAR) And Current (RA) Trends

Fatimet N. Khuako – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philology, Professor, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation.

An overview of the creative era of Adyghe writers of the Adyghe Autonomous Region of the Soviet period and the subsequent republican territory has been made. Due to the low level of knowledge of the art material under study, such an overview is relevant. The author traces the initial steps, the formation and the subsequent development of the prose texts of Adyghe authors. Thematically, the writers of Adygea at the beginning of the century mainly actualized the problematic of collision with the previous world order, and often gender. The turn to factual portrayal, and with it the chronicling of events, convincingly happened later. Already in the second half of the last century, it appeared in the artistic syllable of such Adyghe writers as Iskhak Mashbash, Dzhambulat Koshubaev, NalbiiKuek, Yunus Chuyako and others. Postmodern inclusions of the 1990s. of the twentieth century in the modern literature were reflected in a more recent, closer to the new century, mythological poetics of Adygea. Ethnic coloring, themes, historicity, lyricism, address to the person - all these turns during the last and the beginning of the present centuries are analyzed with the conclusion about features of creative activity of Adygea writers. We believe that the literary material discussed in the article also allows us to speak about the specificity of the Adyghe ethnos as an independent, highly regulated (both socially and culturally) formation. The personal style of narration, generalization and tracing of the temperament of a not always understandable, sometimes mysterious character, etc., are noticeable in the fiction texts. All these and similar but highly unusual textual techniques for ethics served as proof of the creative progress of the analyzed authors.

Key words: Adyghe prose, writer, geographical Adygea, development

2022 N 2 – Nina G. Keleberda, Asiya I. Ryaboshapka Specifics Of Relations Between State and Church in Modern Georgia

Nina G. Keleberda – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Rostov Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Asiya I. Ryaboshapka – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, Rostov Branch of the Russian Customs Academy, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

Features of the model of state-religious relations that have developed so far in Georgia are being considered. The position of the Georgian Orthodox Church in Georgian society is due to the historical and social significance of its activities in the most difficult post-Soviet period of the formation of Georgian independence. It is argued that the presence of religion, using the example of the Georgian Orthodox Church in Georgian society, is a special model, different from Russian, and generally uncharacteristic for Orthodoxy. This model allowed the clergy of the Georgian Orthodox Church to actively participate in the ongoing internal political and socio-cultural processes, thereby contributing to the strengthening of the power of the Church in society. As a result, the Georgian Orthodox Church has become a powerful institution in the public sphere, although the principle of separation of church from state is legally binding.

Key words: Georgian Orthodox Church, state-church relations, public space, secularism

2022 N 2 – Elena K. Sklyarova, Olga N. Kamalova Parliamentary Investigations in Britain During the Crimean War

Elena K. Sklyarova – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in History, Professor, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Olga N. Kamalova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

In this research, parliamentary investigations in the UK during the Crimean War (1853-1856) are under consideration. On the basis of the historical-genetic method of research, the features of the domestic and foreign policy of the government of Aberdeen, which was dismissed after the end of the war, are analyzed. It is shown that there were disagreements in the government regarding the country`s entry into the war, the organization of medical and military departments. The war became part of a factional and cross-party struggle for power. During the Crimean War, soldiers of the British army died in military hospitals from epidemics of typhus and cholera, lack of food and medical supplies. The military expedition to the Crimea, undertaken by Great Britain using funds insufficient to carry out military operations, became the reason for parliamentary investigations and the resignation of the British government. The object of criticism of the parliament was the lack of vehicles, the outdated system of military training, medical and food security. Corruption in the British government and the army, the commission system was named as the reason for the death of British soldiers in the Crimea. Parliamentary investigations were considered a national affair, which was supposed to lead to a restructuring of the state system. The consequences of the war were the reorganization of the administration of the army and the care of the wounded, an attempt to overcome corruption in Britain and the resignation of the government.

Key words: Crimean War, Great Britain, Russian Empire, Ottoman Empire, public health, corruption

2022 N 2 – Elena B. Ivushkina, Alisa A. Kholodova Ethnographic Resources: Peculiarities of Use

Elena B. Ivushkina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.
Alisa A. Kholodova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Rostov Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

In connection with the active development of domestic tourism in the Russian Federation, it is necessary to develop as many destinations and types of tourism as possible. Modern urbanized society pays close attention to the preservation of the ethnic identity of peoples. Since ancient times, the culture of peoples has remained an integral part of the development of society. Acquaintance with the culture and customs of different peoples enriches the spiritual world of a person, contributes to broadening of outlook. A way to get acquainted with this culture is tourist travel, for the organization of which it is necessary to develop routes based on the selection of such objects that will arouse undoubted interest among tourists.

Key words: ethnography, tourism, tourist resources

2022 N 2 – Olesya S. Makarova, Svetlana A. Molchanenko, Artyom S. Goncharov Gender Aspect of the Cossacks' Song Traditions of Kuban and Stavropol Territory

Olesya S. Makarova– Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation. Svetlana A. Molchanenko – Ph.D. in Economics, Senior Lecturer, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation. Artem S. Goncharov – Student, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The authors investigate the peculiarities of gender in the folklore of the Cossacks of the Kuban region and the Stavropol Province, analyzing the songs of the Cossacks, taking into account male and female speech-making peculiarities. The relevance of the research lies in the necessity of more detailed study of the Kuban and Stavropol Cossack song traditions as a linguistic group, interaction with which would provide valuable information for illumination of the current folklore of the regional Cossack group in the historical space of the southern provinces of the Russian Empire. The gender aspect in the speech-making of the Cossacks of the Stavropol Province was especially relevant due to the fact that the majority of the population came from immigrants from other provinces, where female song traditions were developed. The gender potential of the songs of the settlers of Volga province is especially worth mentioning, where the moral tunes were widespread in common, family songs with borrowing of characteristic elements of marching songs. The source base of the study is represented by ethnographic and written types of historical sources, among which the most valuable are ethnographic expeditions of L.A. Jacoby and A.D. Bigdai, as well as the works of contemporary historians and governors of Stavropol. Within the framework of this study, we use a set of special-historical and linguistic methods. The results of the study can be used as a theoretical basis for the creation within the framework of increasing the level of intercultural communication between the Cossack communities in the North Caucasus Federal District, as well as for the purpose of educational activities on the culture of Krasnodar territory and Stavropol territory.

Key words: Kuban, Stavropol, gender, folklore, song, tradition, everyday motive

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'