ISSN 2414-1143


2021 N 1 – Vyacheslav A. Berkovskiy, Larisa A. Tronina, Aleksander A. Volkov Socio-Philosophical Analysis of Lifestyle in the Context of Ethnocultural Traditions

Vyacheslav A. Berkovskiy – Ph.D. in Sociology, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Larisa A. Tronina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Aleksandr A. Volkov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Psychology, Professor, North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

Lifestyle is a historical category that characterizes the real functioning life activities of people in the past, present and future. The way of life includes all forms of life activities of people, individuals, groups, societies. Currently, the concept of lifestyle is designed to reflect the degree of development of this society, the dynamics of living standards, and the harmonious development of the individual most comprehensively. The way of life of the vast majority of modern families is determined by the employment of spouses in public production. Various types of lifestyle development in the context of ethnocultural traditions are analyzed. Possible ways of using ethnocultural traditions of labour education and improving the domestic sphere of lifestyle of the modern family have been identified. It has been shown that for the vast majority of families, the problems caused by the well-known double industrial and family activities are relevant. One of the important problems in this aspect solved on a state scale is the improvement of the level of development and further specialization of the public service sector, the purpose of which is to meet the growing demands of the population in various forms of service, facilitate work, create better recreational conditions. However, although as a result of this important social objective, activities in the family may be minimized, the uneven burden in the domestic sphere may persist until the rational distribution of work among all family members becomes the norm of intra-family relations.

Key words: education, value orientations, socialization, culture, ethnos, social policy, ethnocultural traditions

2021 N 1 – Madina Z. Magomedova Multi-Level Structure of Identification of Modern Youth

Madina Z. Magomedova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, leading research worker, Regional Center for Ethnopolitical Studies of the Dagestan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

The article presents a multi-level structure of identification in the youth environment in an interdisciplinary manner. The search for identity is especially relevant for the younger generation, which does not have an established system of values, in connection with the crisis in the spiritual sphere of society and a certain ideological vacuum. The transformation of the sociocultural space has led to a crisis of identification certainty and blurred life strategies among modern youth. Ignoring the problems of sociocultural identification of young people will lead to negative consequences in the very near future. Therefore, it is necessary to lay the foundations of civic consciousness, critical thinking, adaptive flexibility, professional competence and responsibility in the younger generation. The formation of identity is closely related to the socialization of a person within the framework of certain sociocultural traditions. In a multi-level identification structure, many identities are simultaneously combined, some of which are basic, others are auxiliary. Taking into account the peculiarities of youth as a social group, the author considered sociocultural identity, which includes ethnic, confessional, ethnocultural and civic identity. These types of identity are considered at the individual and group levels.

Key words: identity, identification, youth, ethnos, nation, religion

2021 N 1 – Vadim N. Goncharov, Olga Yu. Kolosova, Ekaterina Yu. Litvinova Ethnocultural Agrarian Traditions: Socio-Cultural Dimension of Development

Vadim N. Goncharov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Olga Yu. Kolosova – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Ekaterina Yu. Litvinova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Assistant Professor, North-Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

In the process of ethnographic studies of modernity, the main question arose regarding the social sphere, its entities and forms, which are defined as a social connection. The problems of public relations are considered by representatives of various research areas, primarily within the framework of sociological sciences. In addition, representatives of such scientific disciplines as pedagogy, psychology, psychiatry, who in the accelerating process of civilization of the modern world see a threat to a person who is becoming increasingly lonely, trace the role and importance of public relations in certain combinations of people in their research of current problems. This threat is compounded, in particular, by constant neuropsychiatric tension, haste, an excess of information, as well as depersonalization of public relations. The public relation represents an organized system of relations, institutions, means of public control that unites individuals, subgroups and other constituent elements of the combination, into integrity. Each combination must be internally organized and streamlined. Considering agrarian traditions in the context of the socio-cultural sphere, some of their theoretical aspects are clarified. It is shown that agrarian traditions act as a kind of phenomenon in the general system of folk culture.

Key words: public consciousness, traditional rites, social action, agricultural culture, ethnos, socio-cultural relations

2021 N 1 – Anastasiya V. Perekrestova Modern Scientific Worldview as A Search for New Worldview Ideas

Anastasiya V. Perekrestova – Ph.D. student, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

In the course of development of surrounding reality by the person the results of this knowledge are always reflected and fixed in his consciousness where they take a form of skills, abilities, knowledge and also types of behaviour and communication. From the totality of these indicators, a certain model or a view of the world, is crystallized. Over the millennia of the mankind existence, many worldviews were created, and each of them had its own, unique vision of the surrounding reality and the specifics of its explanation. But only the scientific worldview is distinguished by the proper completeness of the idea of physical reality, because it includes the most important achievements of science, and thereby creates a certain understanding not only of the world itself, but also of the man`s place in it. This worldview is characterized by the ideas of general spheres, laws, levels and properties of reality, built into a holistic system. In its essence, the scientific worldview is a qualitative generalization of various scientific theories and their worldview synthesis, in other words, it represents a special form of knowledge systematization. Today, the worldview is a scientific ontology that not only studies the facets of existence, but also constantly stimulates the expansion of the cognition boundaries. In recent decades, due to the major changes in the information environment of society, the task of building an objective worldview has become especially important. In this sense, studies of the natural sciences, which precede ontological order ideas, and the integration of their results into the general model of reality, can contribute to the methodology of thinking for new interpretations of scientific discoveries and their adequate description.

Key words: scientific worldview, theoretical knowledge, rationality, information society, post-nonclassical science, interdisciplinarity, worldview guidelines, thinking

2021 N 1 – Nazhavat N. Abueva, Atikat Sh. Archilaeva, Yulduz U. Khochavova Differences and Similarities in The Non-Verbal Language of The Peoples of The Black Sea Region and The Balkan Peninsula

Nazhavat N. Abueva – Ph.D. in Philology, Professor, Dagestan State Technical University, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Atikat Sh. Archilaeva – Assistant Professor, Dagestan State Technical University, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Yulduz U. Khochavova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State University of National Economy, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

The last decades have witnessed a growing interest in the contribution of pragmatism and non-verbal semiotics to the study of communication. Pragmatics rooted in philosophy, anthropology, sociology, explores language in social contexts, the ways in which people create and understand meanings through language. This branch of linguistics was developed in the 70s last century. The term pragmatics was invented in the 1930s by philosopher and psychologist C. Morris. According to his theory, signs do not refer to physical signs, but to the tone of voice and body language, i.e. movements, gestures, postures which often accompany speech. The application of semiotic concepts and methods in the field of cultural research today is the production and interpretation of meanings that are created through the deployment of the actions of objects that function as signs. The system of signs is made up of semantic relations that may exist between these signs. Such a relationship unfolds in space and time. The main attention in this work is paid to the consideration of the ways and means of expressing consent and disagreement in the language of the peoples of the countries of the Black Sea basin and the Balkan. A comparative typological study of the symbolic meaning of this expression in the non-verbal language of the people of Bulgaria and neighboring countries under the rule of the Ottoman Empire has been carried out.

Key words: non-verbal semiotics, language, culture, peoples of the Black Sea region

2021 N 1 – Nargilya A. Gadzhieva, Diana Sh. Asulova, Yarhanum R. Yarova Semiotics in The Ethnic Culture of Bulgaria And Macedonia

Nargilya A. Gadzhieva – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State University of National Economy, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Diana Sh. Asulova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Yarhanum R. Yarova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

Semiotics began as an academic study of the meaning of words (linguistics), switched to the study of the people`s behaviour (anthropology and psychology), then to the study of culture and society (philosophy and sociology), after which it switched to assisting in the analysis of cultural products. Semiotics has recently become a methodology for the study and analysis of national costumes, everyday clothes, food, consumer behaviour, etc. In the value picture of the world of a certain ethnos there are the most significant cultural and semantic dominants for it, defined in cultural studies as concepts. The main object of the study of semiotics of culture is the hierarchy of sign systems of both existing and historical culture, as well as the relations between these sign systems. The study of the cultural space is carried out through the study of ethnoculture, the main focus is on the consideration of semiotics of culture and ethnocultures of the Bulgarian and Macedonian peoples on the examples of national clothing, features of national cuisine, with a focus on their social significance and interrelationship.

Key words: semiotics, the Bulgarians, the Macedonians, traditions, ethical culture, history

2021 N 1 – Maxim G. Kuleshin, Pavel G. Nemashkalov, Elena A. Andreeva Historicism in Modern Ethnic Processes: Methodological Aspects of Research

Maxim G. Kuleshin – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Pavel G. Nemashkalov – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Elena A. Andreeva – Assistant Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

In the course of cooperation between different countries, high-level institutions and organizations appear, in which the exchange of experience, the development of economic, scientific and technical cooperation, as well as measures to protect the sovereignty and coordination of the most important foreign policy aspirations of states are carried out. The need for cooperation has led to the creation of a wide network of specialized bodies for joint activities of specialists, including scientists. Social scientists from different countries usually cooperate on a bilateral basis. This is not accidental, since there are purely special problems, the solution of which presupposes the joint activity of societies of several countries. Global interaction in various fields of activity is developing before the eyes of all mankind. New traditions are being formed that contribute to the strengthening of ties between countries, of course, many problems arise. Sluggishness, national narrow-mindedness and sometimes an oversight in the development of fundamental forms of cooperation, and some-times ignorance of interests, hinder the deployment of new progressive initiatives. The formation and interaction of ethnocultural traditions based on multinationalism presuppose mutual concessions on the part of all participants. Hence the problem of territorial-spatial ties, that is, the relationship between sub-ethnic, ethnic and super-ethnic in emerging cultural traditions.

Key words: ethnos, culture, personality, ethnic identity, subethnos, ethnic traditions, society

2021 N 1 – Olga M. Zatesova The Specifics of The Cultural Impact of The Resort on The Surrounding Area

Olga M. Zatesova – teacher, Khabarovsk Technology College, Khabarovsk, Russian Federation.

The article is devoted to the study of the experience of the Kuldur resort in the formation of a special socio-cultural environment of the adjacent territory. The specificity of the cultural impact of the resort on the adjacent populated area has been investigated. Sources on the history of Far Eastern health resorts, balneology, materials of the Far Eastern press of the late 19th - early 20th centuries were collected, a number of archival documents were considered, allowing to draw up a comprehensive picture of the cultural influence on the territory. It was revealed that the Kuldur resort, which arose in the taiga, was initially in difficult conditions: remoteness from big cities, unfavorable climate, lack of attractions. The health resort was faced with the task of organizing a good rest for patients with cultural leisure. This task cannot be accomplished without trained personnel. Therefore, the young health resort, in addition to the general utilitarian function of improving the population, acted as an organizer of the cultural and educational environment for the population of the adjacent residential area. The resort passed this test and until 1991 was engaged in the organization of cultural programs for the population, much attention was paid to the aestheticization of the territory of the resort and settlement, work with personnel, scientific and educational activities, the development of the creative potential of the individual. Today shows that without a dynamic well-coordinated work with the staff and the population, the area itself and the resort fell into decay. It is concluded that the positive experience of the Kuldur resort can be applied in other resort areas of the Far East.

Key words: resort, Far Eastern health resort, socio-cultural influence, cultural and leisure activities

2021 N 2 – Vachit Kh. Akaev, Laila M. Ismailova Modern Civilization: from the Achievement of High Technologies to The Crisis of Humanism

Vachit Kh. Akaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Grozny State Oil Technical University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.
Laila M. Ismailova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Grozny State Oil Technical University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation.

The achievements of modern civilization associated with the use of scientific and technological achievements, high technologies that determine the development of the economy, social and cultural processes are characterized. There are also noted processes that have a negative character associated with the activities of transnational corporations that generate factors of suppression of the national interests of states, individual peoples involving them in the processes of urbanization, standardization of ethnic cultural values that disfigure traditional spiritual, cultural and moral values.

Key words: civilization, culture, high technologies, crisis of humanism

2021 N 2 – Olga A. Yanchenkova Xenophobia And Nationalism in The Context of The Intensification of Inter-Ethnic Conflicts

Olga A. Yanchenkova – Lecturer, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), Novocherkassk, Russian Federation.

At present, there is a rather high level of xenophobia in modern Russian society, which is a significant ideological base for ethnic nationalism, increasing intolerance and in-ter-ethnic tension, which can manifest itself in the form of inter-ethnic conflicts. The shortage of civil confidence in Russian society and the lack of mechanisms for resolving conflicts by civil society forces continue to be a source of xenophobia not only against recent migrants, but also against many representatives of indigenous ethnic groups. This requires a study of xenophobia and nationalism in the context of the in-tensification of inter-ethnic conflicts. Xenophobia arises and becomes especially noticeable in the case of significant differences of ethnic cultures, and modern nationalism actively resorts to these same differences or even contradictions, trying to form a critical discourse in relation to accepted standards of political correctness, which are really different in Russia from Western ones towards a wider range of what is considered permissible. In addition, nationalism grounded in xenophobia, for example, among the Russian ethnic group, is primarily manifested in the youth environment, which is not least associated with youth maximalism and non-conformism.

Key words: nationalism, xenophobia, inter-ethnic conflicts, civil society

2021 N 2 – Yulia V. Maslova Current Trends in The Development of Ecological Culture in Russia

Yulia V. Maslova – Associate Professor, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), Novocherkassk, Russian Federation.

The peculiarities of Russian ecological culture in the perestroika and post-perestroika periods are considered, as well as its development at the beginning of the 21st century. Modern Russian society is characterized by the desire for "institutional forgetting" and washing out traditional forms of ecological culture, forming an individualistic ("frag-mented") ecological consciousness that can be manipulated by interested communities united by financial interests. The consequence is a massive speculative use of environmental culture factors to achieve political goals. The polarization of the environment and the transformation of the general Russian natural landscape into zones of the greatest ecological comfort and zones of ecological abandonment is the result of the sharp polarization of society on the grounds of property status. Under these conditions, the situation of several ecological zones` formation in the territory of one country arises. The need to eliminate the centres of ecological disaster left as an inheritance of the USSR becomes an independent environmental factor, on the basis of which it is possible to create really interested in ensuring the environmental comfort organizations and the institutional environment. Modern Russian society at the level of public consciousness is fully aware of the need to create a practically oriented environmental education, which is based on humanistic values, which is an essential condition for the sustainable development of modern society.

Key words: ecological culture, perestroika and post-perestroika periods, modern Russian society, natural resources, ecological consciousness

2021 N 2 – Svetlana S. Zubareva Information Reality in The Context of The Historical Development of The Russian Federation in The Second Half of the 20th – Early 21st Century: Dynamics and Focus

Svetlana S. Zubareva – Lecturer, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article is devoted to the analysis of specificity of information reality formation in the Russian Federation. The relevance of the appeal to the study of the construction of updated social reality is due to the fact that the specificity of its formation is determined by the transitive state of society itself and the dynamics of social processes. The synergistic approach to the analysis of the essence of the phenomenon of information reality is proposed. The purpose of the study is to analyze the construction of information reality as "social bifurcation", a turning point in the history of Russia. The model of social bifurcation of the Russian sociocultural space, expressed in the development and formation of the information society, based on a set of historical events, fundamental changes in various branches of public life, is proposed. It is noted that during the formation of the updated social reality, various social and economic relations underwent transformation. The key characteristic of updated reality is technology that replaces human activity. However, not only has technological progress become a defining element in constructing the reality of the information society. The author draws attention to the fact that in the countries of the Black Sea region, united by the common cultural history, political and trade and economic ties, this was made possible due to the penetration and entrenchment of the Western European value orientations, lifestyle and the way of perception of the outside world of the information society.

Key words: information reality, digital tribe, digital society, globalization, social bifurcation

2021 N 2 – Sarat G. Hiyasova, Maida G. Mustafaeva, Elmira Sh. Musaeva Identity Of Student Youth and New Social Reality

Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Elmira Sh. Musaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The degree of influence of the Internet environment on young people in modern culture is analyzed. It is noted that at the present stage, society and culture have ceased to be considered the main institutions of socialization, which play a major role in personal identification issues. This niche has been occupied by the global network and information and communicative space. There is a need for young people to develop critical thinking skills and media literacy, since their absence can have a number of negative consequences, from conflicts on religious grounds to violation of ethno-national and civic identity. The audience questionnaire was conducted, it was revealed that the goals of visiting social networks by young people are different in the different age range. And if in one case the Internet environment is used for educational and cognitive purposes, as a convenient platform for obtaining information, then in another case it is used for entertainment and leisure. At the present stage, due to the excessive immersion of young people in the Internet environment, processes of uncontrolled socialization are observed, as well as the formation of false identities, when it is appropriate to talk about the diversity of manifestations of their "own self" among young people. The article recommends to subject the study of the real motives of "immersion" of young people in the virtual reality, which will allow specialists to help young people in matters of self-identification, individual choice of the behavior model that would correspond to their true essence.

Key words: identity, youth, Internet, Network, communications, space, education, personal development

2021 N 2 – Rupiya I. Bachieva, Marin Sh. Ramazanova, Rashiya I. Isaeva Linguistic Competence and Language Code of The New Turkish Language

Rupiya I. Bachieva – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Marin Sh. Ramazanova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Rashiya I. Isaeva – Assistant Professor, Dagestan State University of National Economy, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

Turkish was spoken in vast territories stretching from the modern territory of Mongolia to the northern coast of the Black Sea, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, Anatolia, Iraq and the vast territory of northern Africa. Turkish was in contact with various languages that are not identical in origin. For this reason, there was mutual influence and borrowing between these languages and the Turkish language, which are the inevitable consequence of such a long contact. The population of areas where the language was long-spread, as well as of nearby territories which were under its influence in various historical periods, gradually formed and transmitted various dialects and accents from generation to generation. The entire history of the existence of the Turkish people language can be represented by three main groups: Old Turkish (from the 7th to the 13th centuries), Middle Turkish (from the 13th to the 20th centuries) and New Turkish, starting from the 20th century. The fact that the New Turkish language has its own phonetic, morphological and syntactic structures and a rich vocabulary makes it possible to consider it as a cultural and social phenomenon through the concept of the national connection of the Turkish people and linguistic competence as a system of linguistic knowledge possessed by native speakers of the Turkish language.

Key words: Turkish language, language competence, language code, communication, non-verbal communication

2021 N 2 – Dinara Ya. Gordienko, Elmira A. Imanmagomedova, Aida I. Akavova Features Of the Culture and Language of The Georgian People

Dinara Ya. Gordienko – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Elmira A. Imanmagomedova – Ph.D. in Philology, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Aida I. Akavova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State University of National Economy, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

Culture is made up of many elements. Some of the elements are more obvious, others less: clothing, language, food, customs, beliefs, values, religious beliefs, superstitions, etc. In recent years, there has been an increase in academic interest in the culture and heritage of the Black Sea region. The increased emphasis and interest in issues of national identity in the states of the region have made a significant contribution to scientific discussions. The culture and language of Georgia has changed, enriched and developed in the process of centuries-old history, forming unique customs and traditions. At the same time, the issue of national dress in the historical and cultural aspects, its connection with national identity was rarely considered in publications. It was emphasized that the Georgian national costume reveals cultural traditions, history, beliefs, ideas about the beauty of the Georgian people.

Key words: culture, language, nation, identity, Georgian people, national costume, Georgian writing, agglutinative language

2021 N 2 – Olesya S. Makarova, Veronika G. Pavlenko, Artem S. Goncharov Conceptual Meaning of a Linguistic Personality Development in The Polylingual Space of The North Caucasus Region

Olesya S. Makarova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Veronika G. Pavlenko – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Artem S. Goncharov – Student, Stavropol State Pedagogical Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The structural and functional properties of the development of a linguistic personality in a bilingual and multilingual environment are investigated. Particular attention is paid to the factors influencing the development of the linguistic personality in the multicultural and multilingual space of the North Caucasus region. The main features of the development of a linguistic personality are revealed, a general characteristic is given to the levels of language proficiency, as well as to those factors that can form a linguistic complex in the social and linguistic space due to the assimilation of new cultural concepts and value attractors. The factor of native and foreign language proficiency among representatives of the Caucasian culture is assessed. To study sociolinguistic material, the concept of Weinreich`s linguistic contact and the concept of Weisgerber`s linguistic personality are presented, the results of research of modern sociolinguists M.M. Kashapov and V.N. Tporov. The dialogue of cultures in a multilingual environment is analyzed from the point of view of the demonstrated linguistic and non-linguistic reactions, which are most clearly manifested in the course of the collision of different linguistic cultures. The totality of linguistic and cultural contradictions gives rise to many barriers: social, psychological, linguistic. It is emphasized that their leveling is possible only when an integral contact is established between the communicator and the recipient where the fullness of speech activity is manifested and the essence of the linguistic personality is revealed.

Key words: intercultural communication, linguistic personality, multilingualism, linguo-mental complex, polylingual space, lexicode, cultural concept

2021 N 2 – Fatimet N. Khuako A Literary Text and Its Conceptual Perspective in The Conditions of The Russian-Circassian Bilingualism

Fatimet N. Khuako – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philology, Professor, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation.

The subject of the research is the Circassian aesthetics. The linguistic panorama of the Circassians carries the Russian-Circassian double-digit core, which explains the need to turn to the modern author`s creation of a text from the standpoint of communication, taking into account the ethno-peculiar in concrete aesthetics. It is emphasized that the attention of researchers to the issues of mental thinking in the double-digit linguistic design of a literary text is increasing today. It is shown that in the bilingual Russian-Circassian space, throughout its existence, textual impregnation has been combined into the presentation of various expressive means, semantically saturated with the Circassian mentality, designated as "mental phrasemes". It is concluded that word-creators, who are themselves native speakers of the national language, deliberately and systematically include in the text they produce, the corresponding expressive phrases, sometimes colloquial, but bearing the tonality necessary for the authors. The conclusion contains the idea that the modern Circassian author manages to consider in an artistic presentation philosophical truth that continue to fill mental interests to this day. As a methodology used in the study, the periodical comparison of the conceptual data available on the issue is mainly used, as well as the terminological analysis produced on its basis, which helps to capture an objective perspective of the problem with the involvement of textual illustrations.

Key words: literary text, ethnos, Circassian, bilingualism, mental phraseme

2021 N 2 – Elena V. Dashkova Ethnocultural Tourism in The Context of Intercultural Communication

Elena V. Dashkova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Chechen State University, Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russian Federation

The concept of "tourism" is a base for a number of phenomena of human existence, directly related to going beyond the boundaries of their everyday life. That is why when we talk about tourism, it is usually not a business trip, but rather a recreational and cognitive journey. The article analyses ethnocultural tourism in the context of intercultural communication. It is justified that ethnocultural tourism, as a collection of tourism practices that demonstrate the most diverse sections of human existence in culture, plays one of the defining roles in the diversity of intercultural communication, familiarity with regional cultures and cognition of traditional ways, values and folk beliefs. Ethnocultural tourism can not only form the historical memory necessary for the formation of civic culture, but also act as a means of aesthetic enjoyment and cognition of forms of culture in their diversity. It has been suggested that ethnocultural tourism requires its participants to be more prepared and willing to learn the specifics of the peoples of Russia and the whole planet, which influences people who choose ethnocultural tourism as a leisure practice and at the same time a spiritual understanding of reality.

Key words: ethnocultural tourism, intercultural communication, historical memory, civic culture, values

2021 N 2 – Igor M. Grekov, Olga A. Orlenko Christian Symbolism of Death in The Works of Representatives of Russian Religious Philosophy

Igor M. Grekov – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Ryazan State University, Ryazan, Russian Federation. Olga A. Orlenko – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The specificity and essential features of the Christian symbolism of death in Russian religious philosophers of the 19th-20th centuries are considered. It is noted that the low degree of elaboration of this topic creates the problem of translating Christian symbols in religious studies courses in modern Russian universities. The insufficient degree of development of such aspects of Christian symbolism as the establishment of the source of origin, the specificity of the image and the identification of the essential features of the Christian symbolism of death based on the study of the works of representatives of Russian religious philosophy is emphasized. The connection between the dual understanding of death that developed in Russian religious philosophy in the 19th-20th centuries and the specificity of the depiction of Christian symbols of death in religious art is revealed. The presence in Russian philosophy of both theological and psychological points of view on the interpretation of Christian symbols of death is noted. Based on the study of the works of L.P. Karsavin, N.A. Berdyaev, P.A. Florensky, S.N. Bulgakov, B.P. Vysheslavtsev, I.A. Ilyin and A.F. Losev, such Christian symbols of death as a cross, a solar eclipse, the head (skull) of Adam, a grain of wheat, an hourglass (time), a door, a flower are revealed. Examples of the embodiment of Christian symbols in religious art are given, it is concluded that the symbols of death in Russian religious philosophy are simultaneously symbols of resurrection.

Key words: od, Christian values, death, symbols of death, symbol of resurrection, image of death

2021 N 2 – Dmitry I. Uznarodov Ukrainian Population of Crimea in 1989-2014: Specifics of Demo-Graphic Transformations

Dmitry I. Uznarodov – Ph.D. in Philology, Research Fellow, Federal Research Centre the Southern Scientific Centre of The Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The specificity of the demographic transformations of the Ukrainian population of Crimea in the period from 1989 to 2014 is considered. Based on the analysis of the popu-lation censuses of 1989, 2001 and 2014, demographic changes within the Ukrainian ethnos are revealed during two periods: from 1989 to 2001 and from 2001 to 2014. The analysis of changes in the number of the Ukrainian ethnic group in the context of the municipalities of the Crimean Peninsula is carried out. It is concluded that the percent-age of the Ukrainian ethnic group in the structure of the population of the Crimean Peninsula, which we could observe in the period from 1989 to 2001, was formed as a result of the policy of resettlement of citizens to this region in the late 1940-s and early 1950-s from various republics of the Soviet Union, mainly the RSFSR and the Ukrainian SSR. It is noted that the regions with the maximum number of the Ukrainian ethnic group are historically located in the northern regions of the Crimean Peninsula, and with the smallest – in the southern regions. The study showed that changes in the ethnic structure began to occur after the events of 2014 and the entry of Crimea into the Russian Federation, when, according to the 2014 population census, the number of Ukrainians in the republic, compared to 2001, decreased by almost 9%. According to the analysis, if in the period from 1989 to 2001 the maximum scale of the decrease in the number of the Ukrainian ethnic group took place in the central part of the Crimean peninsula, then in the period from 2001 to 2014 the largest scale of the decrease in the number of the Ukrainian ethnic group was observed in the municipalities of the northern part of the Republic of Crimea, which, in our opinion, this is mainly due to the outflow of the population from these territories, due to the negative reaction of some Ukrainians to the events of the "Crimean Spring" 2014.

Key words: Crimean Peninsula, Ukrainian ethnic group, population, demography, ethnic structure

2021 N 3 – Ivan P. Getmanov System-Synergetic View on The Problem of Cultural Evolution

Ivan P. Getmanov – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article develops the idea of cultural evolution and coevolution of cultures. The author applies an evolutionary-synergetic approach to substantiate his views. The notion of cultural attractor is used to justify the idea of coevolutionary unification of cultures. The patterns of cultural development are such that subse-quent cultures are influenced by previous cultures. Humanity is in captivity of both ancient and new myths. The process of unification of cultures goes through a chaotic state, through periods of increasing entropy of social systems and national-ethnic cultures. The drama of cultural evolution lies in the fact that the mutual influence of cultures is not symmetrical. For the last two centuries, Western civilization has dominated in the socio-political, scientific and technical, and information technology fields. This has determined its dominance in the world. It is noted that different nations may dominate different areas of public life. It is also alleged that the acceleration of information processes and the formation of global information networks inevitably level the cultural differences of peoples. Three levels of coevolution of cultures are distinguished, each of which includes interactions between cultures simultaneous, one-space, different in time and different in space.

Key words: culture, evolution, co-evolution, mass culture, evolutionary-synergetic approach, levels of co-evolution, cultural attractor, unification of cultures

2021 N 3 – Andrey Yu. Smirnov Risks Of the Impact of Digital Technologies on The Main Function of The Institute of Education

Andrey Yu. Smirnov – Lecturer, Branch of the Air Force Academy named after Prof. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarin, Syzran, Samara region, Russian Federation.

The main goal of this article is to analyze the risks of mass introduction of digital technologies and their impact on the main function of the social institution of education. Regardless of the historically established scientific and conceptual approaches to the institutional structure of society, the main function of the institution in question is the educational one, which is usually divided into education and training, which are not synonyms, as many believe. Each of these elements has its own content and objectives. They determine the main social and status characteristics of a person, influencing his subsequent existence in society. This article contains a brief description of the digitalization process as the main phenomenon of our time, the significance of its impact on the development of all spheres of society is determined. The specificity is also indicated and the contradictory nature of the course of this process is shown: namely, the negative component of the influence of digitalization on the main function of the social institution of education is revealed. The significance of digital technologies is quite clearly marked and has a real manifestation in the life of every modern person. Learning and education processes are no exception. With the massive introduction of an innovation, along with the positive, there are always possible negative consequences. As a rule, they are probabilistic, often unpredictable. The materials of the scientific article contain the results of research demonstrating the specific manifestation of the predicted negative consequences and their objective existence in the modern education system.

Key words: institute of education, educational function, digitalization, digital technologies, intelligent technologies, risks of introducing digital technologies

2021 N 3 – Andrey Yu. Cherepanov Hybrid Wars of Our Time

Andrey Yu. Cherepanov – Senior Lecturer, Branch of the Air Force Academy named after Prof. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarin, Syzran, Samara region, Russian Federation.

The main goal of the article is to form an idea of modern hybrid warfare. The historical forms of hybridity and their transformation at the present stage are considered. The goals of hybrid wars, the reason for their occurrence, as well as the main participants in these conflicts are identified. Thus, in spite of the fact that it is obvious that hybridity has always been inherent in wars, modern hybrid wars have reached a completely new level. Initially, hybridity acted as an auxiliary function of classic wars. Now it is an absolutely independent system that unites interrelated elements, the work of which is aimed at achieving one goal. One of the main forms of modern hybrid warfare is the use of hidden, not always armed formations, the purpose of which is to destroy the stability of the existing government.

Key words: hybrid war, protest, irregular formations, the aggressor country, the destruction of the political system

2021 N 3 – Zaira M. Salamova, Patimat M. Ramazanova, Khadizhat I. Abdulzhalilova Symbolic Markers of The National Identity of The Turkish People

Zaira M. Salamova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Patimat M. Ramazanova – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Khadizhat I. Abdulzhalilova – Ph.D. in Philology, Teaching assistant, Dagestan State Medical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

During life, people interpret the world around them with symbols acquired in the communities to which they belong. Symbols convey information and, therefore, demonstrate the cohesion and commitment of the nation, values and way of life. Symbolic markers of the Turkish nation, like any other, differ by certain means, which distinguishes them from others. Everything, from language to action in everyday life, can be taken for symbols, and this multilayering and universality makes studying symbols extremely important. Introducing the basic concept of a symbol, using semiotic and theoretical analysis, we demonstrate the identity of the Turkish people. For the purpose of studying the national symbols of the Turkish people, manifested in language, culture and national-civic identity, symbolic characteristics used to determine the identity of the Turkic-speaking people, as well as culture, national colour, music, cuisine and state national symbols, are considered. The epistemological approach has been applied, which determines the basis of this study in the de-velopment of a concept detailed part of the national symbols of the Turkish nation.

Key words: national symbols, markers, identity, Turkic-speaking people, national colour, Turkish cuisine

2021 N 3 – Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Sarat G. Hiyasova Modern Implementation of The Concept of Spiritual and Moral Education of Student Youth (On the Example of The Dagestan State Pedagogical University)

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The subject of consideration is the emerging practice of participation of public institutions in the spiritual and moral education of students and schoolchildren, and within its framework, the practice of state-religious partnership. The formed model of activity "university-school-social partnership" is analyzed. The process of forming a system of state-religious partnership in the spiritual and moral education of students is considered in more detail, carried out in the educational and pedagogical process by the teaching staff of the oldest in the North Caucasus Dagestan State Pedagogical University. Almost all faculties of the pedagogical university conduct disciplines - religious studies, the history of world religions. It is emphasized that the training of students in this direction is necessary for a modern specialist. On the basis of questionnaires, it was concluded that university students study with interest the peculiarities of the religions of Dagestan as a multi-national and polydenominational region of the Russian Federation, there is a growing interest in Muslim law and religious disciplines in general. This interest is explained not only by the recognition of the serious contribution of Muslim lawyers to the world legal culture, but also by the role that Islam plays in the modern world, which has a direct impact on the political situation in many countries and the system of international relations in general.

Key words: state, schoolchildren, students, spiritual and moral education, clergy, denomination, social partnership

2021 N 3 – Fatimet N. Khuako Intertextuality Of the Genre, Taking into Account Dialogization and National Applicability

Fatimet N. Khuako – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philology, Professor, Maykop State Technological University, Maykop, Republic of Adygea, Russian Federation.

The chronology of the development of the terminological components of the intertext is investigated, some stages of study in domestic and foreign philological, sociological and cultural science are highlighted. The article examines and analyzes step by step the definitions of intertext and intertextuality in the works of N. Fateeva, D. Bagretsov, G. Burkitbaeva, N. Feyklau, Yu. Kristeva, M. Kremshokalova and others. national applicability. The contemporary impact of mythical postmodernism is considered. It is shown that many of the current tendencies of postmodernism have acquired their own linguopoetics in the Circassian prose of the new millennium. The intertext and inter-discourse that we distinguish work with specific linguistic and semantic features of certain exclamations, causing the inter-genre of these fragments in the corresponding (including Adyghe) language. In this way, the author`s creation, opposed to the author`s departure, does not at all oppose the intertext, since the latter is also defined as the balance of verbal statements. At the same time, taking into account the multitude of interpretations of the recipient available in the minds and forced by the literary line, one of its most important aspects is the understanding of the subscriber, which is just a reliable intertextual resource.

Key words: intertext, discourse, fiction, postmodernity, communication, speech act

2021 N 3 – Tamara A. Bondarenko Transformational Effects of Virtual Reality

Tamara A. Bondarenko – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The concept of virtual reality is reconstructed, which is defined as a symbolic, in fact, objectively and actually existing reality. It is initially set by a person; it is dynamic and actively interacts with the person and society as a whole. Being symbolic in nature, it objectively exists only in the consciousness of a person at the moment of being in it. It is noted that due to these properties, virtual reality acts as a significant factor of influence on a person, which is ambivalent in nature, has both positive (lability, new communicative experience, relaxation, etc.) and negative (psychological discomfort, current stress, dependent behaviour, etc.) consequences. Indicated changes in the self-consciousness of the individual are manifested in socially significant actions for the individual. It is shown that virtual reality can help to reveal the inner world of a person, especially his hidden desires, thoughts, and gravitations. Through it, a person can receive moral support, which in general will increase self-esteem, positively affect the psychological state and ensure confident and effective behaviour. The article points to the relevance of the problems both from the point of view of philosophy and from the point of view of practical significance, especially in the field of psychology and pedagogy.

Key words: virtual reality, self-awareness, ambivalence, factor potential of virtual reality, virtual behaviour

2021 N 3 – Evgeny P. Agapov, Lyudmila P. Pendyurina Logical Culture of Ancient Rus

Evgeny P. Agapov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Lyudmila P. Pendyurina – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article is devoted to the formation of logic in Russia, which began in the 18th century. However, its prerequisites go into much deeper layers of Russian culture. The logical culture of any society is a characteristic set of stereotypes of thinking, which is manifested in the methods of argumentation, as well as in the ability to evaluate inferences, develop hypotheses, systematize objects, etc. The first logical and philosophical treatise in Ancient Rus is considered to be the "Anthology of Svyatoslav," the logical part of which contained a presentation of the Aristotelian treatise "Categories," as well as a commentary on it, written in the 3rd century by the Syrian logician Porphyry. More extensive logical material could be drawn from the translations and renditions of "Dialectics," written in the 8th century by Byzantine theologian John of Damascus. The Aristotelian categories were considered in them, as well as judgment and categorical syllogism. The emergence of logic in Russia was associated not only with its internal objective laws, but also with needs for the development of those areas of theoretical and practical activity in which the important role was assigned to the validity and persuasiveness of reasoning. Mathematics and philosophy were the most important among the areas of theoretical activity. Governance of community and veche was the most important among the areas of practical activity. The development of logical culture, which began in Ancient Rus in the 11th century, in the 18th century led to the formation of logic in Russia. But it took decades for logic in Russia to become an independent science.

Key words: culture, logical culture, ancient Russian culture, logic as a science, logic prerequisites, doctrine of inference

2021 N 3 – Irina K. Dzhioeva, Nodar G. Caberty, Albert V. Techov Social Infrastructure Services as A Factor of The Economic Development of South Ossetia During the Period of The Planned and Administrative Economic System

Irina K. Dzhioeva – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinvali, Republic of South Ossetia.
Nodar G. Koberti – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia, Russian Federation.
Albert V. Techov – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinvali, Republic of South Ossetia.

Considering the opinion of a number of scientists, the revolutionary explosion in 1917 was not so much a natural change of economic formations, as a form of resolving the most acute contradictions of Russian society in the socio-economic sphere. One of the main contradictions was the lag of Russia from industrialized countries both in the direction of the development of technology and labor productivity and the general culture of the population. It is justified that the development of infrastructure services sector during the period of the planned economy contributed to economic growth and was important in solving the strategic tasks of the country`s economic development for the effective use of material and labor resources, since insufficient level of its development is a significant deterrent to achieving economic growth, which requires state policy strengthening in relation to infrastructure services sector. Objects of social and household infrastructure create opportunities to meet both the biological needs of a person for creation of conditions for his survival as a member of a social community, and from the point of view of his existence and realization as a person. The formation of these minimal needs and the process of their implementation in relation to the Soviet period are insufficiently studied, which is explained by certain socio-economic reasons, one of which is disregard for the social needs of a person. The study of the socio-economic needs of the population, including in the dynamics of its development, is necessary for the more complete understanding of the social policy of the Soviet state, and determining the degree of its influence on the daily life of the people.

Key words: social sphere, income of the population, the presence of imbalances, socio-economic situation, essential commodities

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'