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Chernysheva I., Belova L. Historical records on medical culture of northern Black sea region people / annotation
Chernysheva Irina – Ph.D.of philosophy, associate professor of history and cultural studies. Volgograd state medical university. Volgograd, Russian Federation
The authors cover peculiarities of people medical culture, inhabiting the territories of the Northern Black sea region. These territories represent a certain scientific interest, as through many centuries migration processes took place there. Medical culture enrichment of separate people occurred in consequence of numerous tribes interaction, having various healing traditions. Curative, phylactic, hygienic customs of people, lived in the distinguished region, their religious ideas, and behavior samples, aimed at preservation, maintenance and promotion of health, available disease prevention techniques for the medicine of that time are appeared to be the medical culture constituent part. The medical culture analysis is provided on the ground of written, archaeological, anthropological sources and paleopathology data. The works of antique authors, containing facts about methods and ways of treatment, information about healers, about hygiene level, about region climate conditions influence to people health status are considered to be the written sources, analyzed by authors. Archaeological and anthropological sources contain the valued material about health status, undergone traumas and diseases. With the help of them one can trace the life mode influence to emersion and development of these or those diseases and peculiarities of their treatment. Medical treatment tradition is considered in the context of medical culture and it is interpreted by authors as social, political, cultural and economic power, the part of cultural genesis general process and one of the person sociocultural adjustment mechanisms. People medical culture is represented as an essential component of the world culture.