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Kolosova O.Y., Vergun T.V. Peculiarities of marginal ethnocultural groups consciousness formation / annotation

Kolosova Olga Yurievna – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Krasnodar university of Ministry of Inner Affairs of Russian Federation. Krasnodar, Russia.
Vergun Tatyana Viktorovna – candidate of philosophy, professor assistant. Russian state social university (Stavropol branch).

Globalization implies growth of migrators, who appear to be marginals, as in cultural, so as in social directions. The analysis of marginal ethnocultural consciousness formation process from the position of social philosophy is given in the article. Marginal consciousness represents relatively stable system of conscious ideas and estimations, really existingethnodifferentiating and ethnointegrating life signs of ethnocultural society. Consciousness of various ethnocultural society representatives appears to be a converted form of consciousness, ascendant to archetypes of communal consciousness, considered to be relatively stable system of realized ideas and estimations, really existing ethnodifferentiating and ethnointegrating features of ethnocultural society development.

Key words: migration, marginalization, ethnical self-identification, ethnical consciousness, ethnical selfconsciousness.

Vergun T. Ecological crisis as civilizational crisis / annotation

Vergun Tatyana – candidate of philosophy, professor assistant. North-Caucasus social institute. Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The question about consciousness ecologization appears to be currently a question about environment preservation from anthropogenic influence of a man on the Earth. Realization of this is possible under the conditions of necessary significance comprehension of ecological culture and ecological consciousness by every person. Ethical and humanistic relations of a man and nature became the historical prerequisite of ecological consciousness formation. Ecological consciousness is, first of all, comprehension of nature defense necessity, and comprehension of anthropogenic effect results. Besides, ecological consciousness is acquirement and comprehension of the fact that every separate man has responsibility for preservation of life in whole on the Earth. Modernity forms the question about transition to the new interaction model, which is called coevolution. The situation, which the mankind got to nowadays reflects and determines the general doctrine crisis of a person consumer view to natural and social resources. Nevertheless common sense forces the mankind to rethinking and comprehension of a sharp necessity of interconnections harmonization in the system “man-nature”. Involving the varied estimations ecological crisis in itself can be interpreted as objective violation in system interaction “man-nature”. The given violation is expressed in the serious anthropogenic pressure to biosphere, including the growth of planet population number, and in natural resources depletion, and equilibration disorder in natural environment. Ecological problematics, by all means, should have philosophical ground, as under the ecological crisis formed conditions it is closely connected with worldview basements alteration. The opinion that from the point of view of philosophical anthropology and culture philosophy ecological problematics arouses interest as some particular case of more general system “artificial-natural” was formed in domestic tradition. New rationality formation through the perspective of ecological values, relations alteration in the system “man-nature”, consciousness ecologization is entirely the problem of philosophical character. The necessity of revelation and grounding of knowledge sphere, connected with ecological problems and searching of the new worldview orientations from the positions of philosophical anthropology and culture philosophy, appeared in the realias of modernity. Emphasizing of anthropic values predominantly influences on culture, science and society in general. The result of this influence is an impact to a person by means of culture and science to the surrounding reality and in consequence of this the significant transformation of the last one. In the foreseeable future people have to realize the ecological problematics, and especially, the understanding process of human survival in general.

Key words: environmental crisis, ecological consciousness, civilizational crisis, environmentalism, axiological paradigm.

Vergun T. Ethnic Villages as a Factor of the Development of Ethnic Tourism / annotation

Tatiana V. Vergun – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Head of the Chair, department of Foreign Languages and Tourism, Autonomous Non-Profit Higher Education Organization “North Caucasus Social Institute”, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The article presents the role of ethnic villages in the development of ethnic tourism. It is noted that ethnic villages are a relatively new segment of the tourist market which reflects the ethnocultural mosaic of the modern world. The basis for the creation of ethnic villages is, as the title suggests, ethnos with its cultural and historical traditions, socio-economic and public-political structure. The loss of many unique and distinctive elements of ethnoculture in the condition of a globalizing world has been reflected in the search of many peoples for their identity. Tourism as a sociocultural practice of mankind has responded to these processes by establishing centers of tourist attraction such as ethnic and ethno-national settlements, villages.
The concept of "ethnic village" has not been clearly recorded yet. The concept of "ethno-graphic", "national" and sometimes "international" village or settlement is applied to such settlements. This term can be analyzed from different positions. Ethnic villages reflect ethnocultural heritage and include natural resources management systems, ways of life, customs, a language, a cuisine, a layout, a type of settlements and buildings, forms of folk creativity, religious and other phenomena of spiritual culture.
The global crises of our time, including the social and cultural crisis, the over-pragmatism and commercialization of culture, and the growing threat to cultural and civilizational education have necessitated comprehensive reflection and the development of a coherent long-term strategy that would ensure the development of culture through a dialogue of civilizations.
It is shown that one of the significant advantages of the development of national villages and ethnic tourist centers in the world is the support of local residents and representatives of small peoples, more precisely, cultural carriers.

Vergun T., Grishin D. Impact of Ethnic Tourism on Inter-Ethnic Relations / annotation

Tatiana V. Vergun – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North Caucasus Social Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Denis V. Grishin – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, North Caucasus Social Institute, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

Issues of impact of ethnic tourism on formation of inter-ethnic relations are considered. It is noted that the growth of ethnic identity can lead to the emergence on the market of tourist products, new proposals that will take into account the growing interest of people in under-standing the culture and life both of their ancestors and of representatives of other ethnic groups. The development of issues which are related to the ontogenesis of ethnotourism has arisen relatively recently, researches of this nature are still new. The conceptual questions are also in the formation stage. Most researchers of this topic highlight the main purpose of ethnic tourism as familiarity with the peculiarities of traditional material and spiritual culture, the unique way of life of the ethnic group, traditions and customs. Such a definition of "ethnic tourism" can be considered the most generic and universal. Ethnic tourism as a phenomenon is a significant element in the understanding of inter-ethnic relations and inter-ethnic culture. In practice, this is realized through the promotion of ethnic tourism and awareness of its importance for the tourist industry as a whole. From a theoretical perspective, ethnic tourism is a productive strategy for raising awareness of the concepts of "ethnic identity" and "ethnic relations". As a conclusion, it is noted that the emergence and strengthening of positive trends in the development of ethnotourism are particularly relevant, as they contribute to the preservation of the cultural and historical heritage of an ethnic group, they support the identity of ethnic groups, and they are a factor of the sustainable development of their traditional territories. Considering ethnic identity and tourism, one can say with confidence about interinfluence of these two elements. Tourism, one of the largest industries in the world, has an impact on the formation of the ethnic identity of the person.

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