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Gurieva L.K. The role of intellectual work migration solving the problems of competitive economy development / annotation

Gurieva Lira Konstantinovna – Ph.D. of economics, professor. North-Ossetian state university of K.L. Khetagurov. Vladikavkaz, Russia.

The article presents an analysis of the American experience with migrational policy implied to build the intellectual capacity of the economy potential.Sense of responsibility for Russia rebirth in whole and Russian science in particular is peculiar for the significant part of Russian intellectual diaspora. On what continent its representatives will live, according to our point of view, does not have a principal meaning in the epoch of globalization. The main point is that people, born and grown up in Russia will contribute to country forward integration in global economic system, providing safe and competitive development of its economy.

Keywords: economic development, migration policy of the US, attraction of the intellectual elites.

Gurieva L.K. New strategic approach to the innovative development of regions / annotation

Gurieva Lira Konstantinovna – Ph.D. of economics, professor. North Ossetian state university of K.L. Khetagurov, North Ossetia, Russia.

The paper proposes a formation framework of innovative regional economic development strategies, including content strategy development methodology, the sequence of steps of forming a strategy, particularly innovation policy and factors influencing its implementation. The basis of the methodology of the formation of the actual strategy of innovative development of territories should be based on: general model of strategic regional planning; techniques and situational strategic management tool; leading scientific schools of strategic planning; international standards, reflecting the technological requirements of economic and social development of the territory; recommendations of international organizations on improving the mechanisms of state regulation establishing the principles and algorithms for the development of public policies of regional development. Conceptually, the proposed three stages of formation of the strategy are: 1) identification of priorities and structured goals of innovative development of the state, on the basis of long-term forecasts for the world of science, engineering and technology; the development of common tools, trends and tools for implementing innovative breakthrough strategy; 2) determination of regional development priorities, possible points of innovative growth and a selection of regional specialization, as well as the formation of the business environment for private companies creating additional incentives for innovation; 3) development of a common outline the strategy of innovative development of the region.

Key words: innovative development of the Russian regions, modernization of mechanisms of state regulation, strategy of innovative development of regions.

Gurieva L.K., Dzhioev A.V. Sustainable development of the Russian economy / annotation

Gurieva Lira Konstantinovna – Ph.D. of economics, professor. North Ossetian state university of K.L. Khetagurov, North Ossetia, Russia.
Dzhioev Alexander Valerievich – student of global economy and international relations dpt. North-Ossetian state university of K.L. Khetagurov. Vladikavkaz, Russia.

The article discusses the theoretical and methodological bases of management of sustainable development sectors at the regional level. The conditions for the sustainable development of the industry as a complex socio-economic system proved hierarchy of sustainable development of industry and the need to form complexes of the pyramid strategies to achieve them. On the basis of the research the following conclusions are made: 1) the development of the industry as a complex socio-economic system can be considered sustainable if it: is capable of self-preservation (which has the potential of self-development); adapting to the effects of external and internal environment (development provides security); it is an environmentally-oriented (keeps the natural foundation of its existence) and destroys the society; 2) in the light of the theory of innovation development of the sectors of the economy takes place only on the basis of consistently implemented product, process, organizational, managerial and social innovation; 3) according to the paradigm of sustainable development, federal and regional governmental power structures, companies and enterprises in the formation of a strategy for sustainable development of the industry is crucial to bear in mind the failure of industrial policy in the traditional sense of the growth of key economic indicators as economic growth only can be a sign of sustainable development, if it is aimed at improving the quality of life, the preservation of the ecological and biological balance, is provided with the newest productive forces and the development of new technological ways.

Key words: sustainable development indicators, market capitalization methodology, the cluster approach, the pyramid of sustainable development strategies.

Gurieva L. Analysis of population mortality causes in republic of North Ossetia Alania / annotation

Gurieva Lira – Ph.D. of economics, professor. Vladikavkaz branch of Finance university. Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation.

The article is dedicated to research of the most significant death reasons of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania population, to which one can refer high infant mortality and death growth of oncological diseases. Particularly, it is educed that infant mortality grew in 1,4 times for 2000-2014 in the region. It is shown that infants before one year old die from two groups of reasons in North Ossetia: from congenital anomalies, from individual conditions, appearing in perinatal period, and from the health state of mother, breeding a child. Fixed level is observed according to the first group of indice, but the index of “infant mortality from separate states, appearing in perinatal period” grew in 2,4 times in 2000-1014.The analysis of adult population mortality educed high and steadily growing intensity of deaths from morbid growths. Death intensity from this reason is generally high in Russian and in all regions of the North-Caucasian federal district, however, the number of registered sick people with firstly made diagnosis of malignant neoplasms grew to 17,1 % for ten years in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. The conclusion is made about the fact that decrease of mortality level continues to be priority aim of socioeconomic policy of Russian Federation and its regions.

Gurieva L. Conceptual Foundations of Social Responsibility of Corporate Structures: Historical Aspect / annotation

Lira K. Gurieva – Doctor of Economics, professor, Vladikavkaz branch of Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation. Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation.

The article considers the evolution of the social responsibility of business in the historical period up to the XXI century. The study shows that in its development, corporate social responsibility in countries with developed market economies has passed a series of hysterical stages. In the period from the 1900’s to the 1930’s the first stage of emergence and theoretical understanding of social responsibility of business in the countries of the developed capitalism passed. The second stage (from the 1930’s to the 1950’s) was the stage of institutionalization of corporate social responsibility. The third stage (from the 1950’s to the middle of 1970’s) was characterized by the flourishing of traditional philanthropy (or charity). Companies tried to maximize business and social activity, focusing on helping the most vulnerable categories of population (children and people with disabilities) or cultural institutions. At the fourth stage (from the middle of 1970’s to the 1980’s), the strategic philanthropy of business which is characterized by readiness to get optimum profit instead of maximum and also by the focal approach to the solution of social problems (aiming at the solution of the problem, but not on fight against its results) was created. The desire of business to coordinate the solution of social problems with strategic goals of the company is the base of this approach. From the middle of 1980’s to the early 2000’s, the concept of corporate citizenship was created. At the local level, the corporate citizenship is manifested in the form of social investments of business, which means the joint work of the commercial, non-profit and public sectors for the purpose of solving the urgent social and economic problems of local communities.

Gurieva L. Problems and Prospects of Russia's Migration Policy / annotation

Lira K. Gurieva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Economy, Professor, the Federal State-Funded Educational Institution of Higher Education Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation.

Migration processes play an important role for the socio-economic and demographic development of countries and regions. At the same time, the unresolved nature of migration issues in Russia is often a source of demographic tension, which requires the intensification of international cooperation of the country and the implementation of an effective policy to solve emerging problems in the field of migration.
The dialectical challenge of modern Russia is the fact that, on the one hand, over the last decade Russia`s migration attractiveness has grown twice, and on the other hand, the outflow of migrants from Russia has increased 11 fold. This, in many respects, is the result of a controversial, inconsistent migration policy, within the framework of which Russia’s interest in attracting permanent migrants in general and “compatriots” in particular is declared verbally, and in fact, there is a rapidly growing outflow of the Russian population to the countries of near and far abroad mainly due to tensions in the labor market, difficulties in gainful employment in Russia. Such an approach has a negative “demonstration effect” for potential migrants and directly contradicts the strategic goal of stimulating the influx of migrants in order to mitigate the last two decades of the demographic crisis in Russia. The most painful for the Russian economy is the high educational and qualification level of citizens leaving Russia, which, compared with the low education of a significant part of labor migrants arriving in Russia in search of work, which leads to a deterioration in the quality of the labor force employed in the Russian labor market, and acts as an obstacle to the formation of an innovative type of development of the Russian economy.

Dzhioeva I., Gurieva L., Techov A. State Policy of South Ossetia During the Restoration of Agriculture in 1920-1930 / annotation

Irina K. Dzhioeva – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia.
Lira K. Gurieva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Economics, Professor, North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation.
Albert V. Techov – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia.

The article is devoted to the study of the unique historical experience of agricultural development in South Ossetia during the implementation of the new economic policy of 1920-1930. The authors focus on the problems of collective farm construction and agricultural cooperation in South Ossetia, as well as new mechanisms of state management in the agricultural sector of the economy during the study period. It is shown that since agriculture was not directly subordinated to the state by 1920, it was very difficult to coordinate the labor and economic activities of peasant farms, as well as to manage their innovative development; in addition, the situation was extreme and did not allow the use of administrative methods of management. The only thing that the state could afford during this period was to increase the efficiency of management of this industry by economic methods. Thus, there were new incentives for peasant farms to expand the volume of commodity production. As a rule, the agrarian-industrial transformation corresponds to the free market, especially in agriculture, but this was not typical for Russia attempts at market transformations in the agricultural sector were stopped for the first time by the revolution of 1917. As for the new economic policy, it was an effective market regulator that takes into account the current economic situation in the country, in particular, in the period under study– the reluctance of farmers to sell grain below the market price, and buy essential goods at prices several times higher above their cost, which in any reforms severely limits the amount of savings. In this situation, people only try to consume, not invest, because of distrust of the financial policy of the state. Using the successful experience of agricultural reforms during the NEP period can help solve the problems of sustainable rural development in South Ossetia in the XXI century.

Dzhioeva I., Gurieva L., Techov A. Features of The Development of Organizational-Industrial Structures of The Agrarian Sector in South Ossetia (1953 - 1970) / annotation

Irina K. Dzhioeva – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia.
Lira K. Gurieva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Economics, Professor, North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russian Federation.
Albert V. Techov – Ph.D. in Economics, Associate Professor, South Ossetian State University, Tskhinval, Republic of South Ossetia.

The article examines the problems of agriculture in the Soviet period and their causes; the consequences of the most popular reforms in agriculture carried out in the studied period are reasonably revealed, trends and results of the transformation of the organizational and production structures of the agricultural sector, as well as the economic and social consequences of the formation of vertical structures of the agro-industrial complex are revealed. The scientific work carried out a historical and economic study of the development of agriculture in South Ossetia with consideration of the features of conceptual approaches to the analysis of the economic transformation of agriculture in the conditions of the development of the socialist mode of production. The prerequisites and incentives for economic development, indicators of economic growth, as well as existing problems in the social and economic development of society in the period under study have been clarified.

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