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Mustafaev M., Mustafaeva M., Magomedova Z. Formation and development of patriotism as the most important stability factor of modern Dagestan society / annotation

Mustafayev Mustafa – Ph.D. of pedagogical studies, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Mustafayeva Maida – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Magomedova Zuleikha Magomedovna – senior lecturer of philosophy and culture study dpt. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

All-Dagestan patriotism is considered as one of the most significant components of modern society development, and also as a feature of patriotism expression in especially specific multicultural region, as the Republic of Dagestan appears to be. The authors of the given article consider the concept “ all-Dagestan patriotism” as historically formed moral self-identification feature of Dagestan people, as a high step of emotionally-moral positive relation not only to people of their nationality, but to all so called “Dagestan people” of other nationalities. This is the feeling of the common motherland, common destiny and common perspectives of progressive development.
The highest level of all-Dagestan patriotism is the deepest comprehension by people of various nationalities of their own responsibility for destiny of their common all-Dagestan motherland. As authors note this is possible only when a person is free from individual, group and national egoism. Sociological quiz of republic’s population, conducted by the authors in different years of self-identification problems approved that “all-Dagestan” directivity of various nationalities people – personally prevailed on dozens of percent in comparison with ethnonational, nationally – personal identification.

Key words: patriotism, all-Dagestan patriotism, self-identification, traditions, customs, spiritually-moral person, multicultural environment.

M. Mustafaeva, F. Mustafaev, M. Mustafaev Comparative analysis of modern Dagestan student youth value orientations / annotation

Mustafaeva Maida – Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Mustafaev Farid – Ph.D. of philosophy, associate professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
Mustafaev Mustafa – Ph.D. of pedagogy, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.

It has been carried out a comparative socially-philosophical analysis of value orientations of the modern Dagestan youth, its relation to national and international problems in the region. Sociological material quiz and analysis of Dagestan students opinion is indicated there: DSU, DSPU, DSMA, DSTU and DSAA. Distribution of answers according to universities gives differentiating picture of students value orientations. Thus, for instance, during sociocultural and ethnonational values research of various socially-ethnical cultures modern studentship, the answers to the question “What do you follow in your behavior?” shown that traditions and customs of elders, ancestors act as the basic behavior regulator for 52,1 % of Dagestan students. Also the opinions of “relatives and friends”, surrounding people significantly influence on Dagestan students. Many students act in a certain manner by force of “habit” (17%), and “calculation” (12%) stands behind their actions. A lot of people follow “exiting national traditions” in their behavior (64, 6%). Behavior formation on “calculation” is accepted to consider as pragmatic tendencies manifestation in a person moral orientations, which in their turn, act as the result of socially-political instability of modern society, changes in the sphere of labor and personal relations, reflect disbelief to the authority and surrounding people. Birthplace and nationality of a person, settled factor can also significantly influence on his value system formation. According to the results of the research, natives of the Dagestan village are in their behavior more inclined to follow “surrounding people opinion” (35%), “existing national traditions” (35%). Urban students – “opinion of relatives and friends” (27%), “habit” (13%), “law” (10%), “intelligence” (60%). Determination of a person moral quality in the ethnonational environment is considered to be the important moment under the value orientations analysis of the Dagestan student youth.
It turned out that the students of the Dagestan universities more over appreciate in people such qualities as honesty (68,7%), kindness (40,6%), industry (28,7%), modesty (28,1%) and self-esteem (25,7%). But patriotism and internationalism are more highly ap-preciated by the Dagestan students (60,9%), than other personal qualities. The idea about Dagestan students estimation peculiarities of some or other features, person qualities, be-ginning from patriotism, gives us their further analysis depending on gender, speciality, university, nationality, place of birth and a year of study. If speak about patriotism and in-ternationalism separately in the respondents estimations according to the indicated para-meters, then men (youth) (63%) highly estimate the given quality, than women (girls) (38%). The students of technical specialities (45%) estimate patriotic orientations and qualities of a person higher, than humanitarian (25%) and naturalist students (20%). Among DSPU there are about (32%) of such students, while in DSMA there are (22%), but in DSAA the given quality remained without estimation. 28% of Russian students consider patriotism and internationalism to be valuable qualities of a person. Patriotism is rather more valuable for the village natives (45%). Industry, working efficiency, patriotism and internationalism are rather more valuable qualities for men (33%), technical specialties students (35%), DSTU students (43%), equally for the students of Kumyk, Lezgin and Lak nationalities (35%), those who live in urban area (40%). Self-esteem is more estimated by women (girls) (29%), technical specialties students (31%), DSTU students (46%), respondents of Lak nationality (39%) and urban natives (34%).

Key words: value, youth value orientations, person moral qualities, sociocultural, ethnonational and interethnic social values.

Mustafaeva G., Mustafaev M. Role of ethno-confessional factor in international communication inregions of traditional islam spread / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. of Philosophy, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. of Philosophy, associate professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.

The religious factor role in the space of Russian civilization is considered. Recently ethno-confessional factor began playing the significant role in the social and socially-political life not only of Russian people, but the whole world community. Islam plays primary importance in the national culture and national consciousness formation in the separate regions of the world owing to traditional spread of Islam. National and religious concept in these regions represents in virtue of its historical specificity something united and indissoluble. However, this unity acts in many cases in extremely contradictory form. On the one hand these religions perform ethnoconsolidating function, providing ethnical and religious solidarityin the mentality and way of life, transmitting ethnical values and conserving them in the ethnospaceof these or that people, and on the other hand – they may act as disintegration factor of some or other ethnos according to ethnoreligious bases and as a conductor of ideology, psychology and impatience culture in the society, provoking international disbelief and ethno-conflicts. Religion is a universal expression of socialdemand. It acts as a system-forming element of civilizational matrix. From this point of view the activation ofavailable in its basispositive potential of international solidarity is necessary. The actualization of general sociocultural bases of Russian society major confessions,distinctly seen in the context of their analysis as Abrahamic religions, is also necessary. The united patterns row of these Abrahamic religions (monotheism, transcendentalism, God personal understanding, messianism idea and etc.), can become the basis for interethnoconfessional dialogue, necessary for positive international communication formation and opposition to extremist religious movements from the side of confessional institutes and interethnoconfessional unifications themselves.

Mustafaeva M., Musaeva E., Mustafaeva Z. Various problems of educational process in multilingual Dagestan under the globolization conditions: history and modernity / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva - Ph.D. of philosophy, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.
Elmira S. Musaeva - candidate of philosophy, assistant professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.
Zarema S. Mustafaeva – candidate of philosophy, associate professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.

Some problems in the educational space of the Dagestan Republic have been considered in retrospective. The unified educational space is affected by globalization, in-formatization, as well as socio-economic, socio-cultural factors and political changes in society. The paradigm shift in education is dictated by the need to overcome the destructive pragmatism of the technical and economic interest in nature, culture and personality, to ensure the transition of mankind to a new natural-sociocultural attitude of a protective-constructive type. The authors note that the tendencies of modern society have brought a new value to the contemporary arena – polysubjectivity, because the directions of the educational policy that are numerous and important for the welfare of the state can neither be formulated, nor even be provided only by the forces of the state. The conclusion, expressed by the authors about the mono-subjectivity of the state educational policy in Russia, Dagestan points to the need to ensure the education openness as a state-public system, the transition from the paternalistic model to the model of mutual responsibility in education, the strengthening of the role of all actors and their interaction.

Magomedova Z., Mustafaeva M., Mustafaeva Z. Intellectual-creative, socio-psychological approaches in the management of a multinational staff team / annotation

Zaira M. Magomedova - senior lecturer. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – PhD of philosophy, professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation
Zarema S. Mustafaeva – candidate of philosophy, associate professor. Dagestan state pedagogical university. Makhachkala, Russian Federation.

Intellectual-creative and socio-psychological approaches in the management of a multinational staff team are analyzed. The optimal mastery of management of a multinational staff team in the conditions of the Republic of Dagestan is considered within the context of the pedagogy and psychology principles. It has been emphasized the special role of tolerance as a personal value that a team leader must have in practical goals achieving. The professional success of leader’s professional activity depends upon the ability to create the process of managerial communication, to establish and develop relations with people. It has been argued that tolerance assumes the manifestation of participants personal qualities in a multinational staff team and forms a willingness to accept others as they are. The author’s concepts of the leader management culture, connected with a personal relationships culture development are considered. The importance to use professional ethics by the leader, where the duty negligence, mistakes create difficulties, problems leading to losses, failures in work has been marked. It is proved that the manager must conduct a preliminary orientation-study of the team. Reliance on “collected primary information” about a multi-ethnic team will help to plan and implement interethnic communication. The structure of professional mastery of managerial activity is revealed, which includes a system of professional (special) knowledge in the field of management theory, as well as a system of knowledge, skills, personal relationships, its spiritual, personal, ethno-national and professionally important qualities. The importance of development of ethno-psychological properties, determining unique character and personality individuality in the manager professional activity is proved. During the implementation of the study, the structure of the professional skills of the leader has been presented, which includes general, general scientific, general cultural, spiritual, ethno-psychological, ethno-pedagogical, artistic and creative aptness.

Hiyasova S., Mustafaeva M., Mustafaev F. Traditions and Customs of the Peoples of Dagestan (Historical and Cultural Analysis of Funeral Rites) / annotation

Sarat G. Hiyasova – candidate of pedagogic sciences, associate professor. Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Russia.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – doctor of philosophy, professor. Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Russia.
Farid M. Mustafaev – doctor of philosophy, associate professor. Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Russia.

The article is devoted to a comprehensive historical and cultural research of funeral rites as an important part of traditional Dagestan culture. The funeral rites of the peoples of Dagestan are the most well established and “consecrated” by the ancient traditions cycle of actions, the violation of which has met and still meets with strong condemnation from public opinion. It reflects the moral attitudes developed by a long experience of national life. Despite the deeply tragic nature of the process itself, there is a clear regulation of ritual activities, there are elements of theatricality. The entire cycle of the early funeral rites of the people of Dagestan is analyzed, which includes prefuneral customs and rituals, funerals themselves and rites and customs associated with funerals. A comparative characteristic with the funeral rite at the present stage is also carried out; its current and obsolete elements are indicated. The authors come to the conclusion that the funeral ritual of the Dagestan peoples was and remains multi-layered, despite the greatest Islamization and regulation by the clergy of many moments of the funeral cycle. It is shown that many elements of the former pagan rituals have been preserved and reflected in the funeral rites, although in a somewhat transformed and modified form.

Hiyasova S., Mustafaeva M., Fedotova P. The Important Characteristics of the Dagestan National Art Culture of the 20th Century / annotation

Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Polina Y. Fedotova – Acting rector, Ph.D. in Sociology, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The study reveals the potential of the artistic culture of the peoples of Dagestan in the XX century. This culture is of great historical value and scientific interest, because the history of the development of the artistic culture of the peoples of Dagestan is one of the important aspects of the historical, cultural and socio-political development of the republic. The indicated problem is not well understood. The article is one of the first attempts at a systematic analysis of culture as an experience in the dialogue of imaginative thinking, emotions, and the interaction of people. It is known that the cultural process is impossible without the restoration and study of the names and ideas of prominent representatives of the cultural heritage. As a result, the study is saturated with the names of famous artists, sculptors, poets and writers, playwrights. They made an invaluable contribution to the treasury of the national art culture of Dagestan. With these names, the traditions of national culture and thought return to us. Dagestan art culture of the twentieth century is represented by almost all areas of culture - from professional theater to opera, from architectural schools to postmodern searches in art and painting, and this is an objective result based on the real content and results of many years of efforts to develop national cultures.

Hiyasova S., Mustafaeva M., Musaeva E. Forms of Conflict Regulation in Pre-Revolutionary Dagestan / annotation

Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Elmira Sh. Musaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogi-cal University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

Forms of conflict regulation in pre-revolutionary Dagestan are analyzed: Maslaat (an arbitrational or mediatory method of conflict regulation, which has become common in the North Caucasus) and Adat (a custom, relic norms of pre-Islamic legal complexes, a set of rules of a customary law among Dagestan peoples). Various models of their implementation in the traditional pre-revolutionary culture of the peoples of Dagestan are revealed. Features of Dagestan Adats of different societies and settlements are noted. These features are manifested in the fact that, for all the unity and external similarity of codes and provisions, no paragraph repeats the other literally, that is, all of them are of a private nature. The authors analyze the origins of Adats in Dagestan and note that each community (jamaat) had its own code on the basis of common, i.e. single Adat right in Dagestan is divided into many codified codes. Each code fell into Adats of specific communities. The reasons of sustainability of these forms in society are investigated, despite numerous attempts to introduce Shariat norms in pre-revolutionary Dagestan, and the main factors by which Shariat has not displaced Adats are being identified. According to the authors among such factors there is, for example, the fact that Adats got into the life of the Highlanders firmly, and became the basis of their lifestyle and morality. They were more understand-able for the Highlanders, as they provided for less stringent punishments than Shariat. Adats were means of replenishment of the budget of leadership elite: bek (the category of privileged population), uzden (the feudal class in the Caucasus), etc. In their elimination the last saw a real threat of their financial wellbeing. The significance and relevance of Adats and Maslaat in modern society are justified and their role in modern culture of Dagestan peoples is determined.

Hiyasova S., Mustafaeva M., Musaeva E. Forms of Conflict Regulation in Pre-Revolutionary Dagestan / annotation

Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Elmira Sh. Musaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The article is devoted to an important and relevant topic of reflection of pagan customs and rituals in the traditional culture of Dagestan (using the example of traditional Islam). The authors set a goal to differentiate the purely religious-canonical and actually surviving, pagan forms in this religion. As a result of the analysis of a whole complex of pagan customs and rituals: a pilgrimage to the mountains, the cult of saints, graves, the cult of deceased ancestors, magic, and comparing them with the existing norms of Islam, it was found that pagan rudiments were firmly entrenched in folk, traditional Islam. It has been established that at the present stage, these vestiges and cults continue to influence the ethical and moral norms of the peoples of Dagestan, since they are often perceived as purely canonical norms of Islam. This circumstance is often caused by numerous disputes and discussions in modern society. The essence of the discussions usually boils down to the following. The religious concept of Islam clearly defines the thesis of rejection of any innovations in religion. As a rule, innovations or new teachings mean everything that was somehow superimposed on Islam over many centuries, and that has nothing to do with early Islam of the period of the righteous caliphs. Hence the question is whether this or that phenomenon in religion is a pagan relic, a rudiment, or this canonically justified view is of particular relevance.

Mustafaeva M., Hiyasova S., Musaeva E. Customs and Traditions of The Peoples of Dagestan As the Basis of The Dagestan Mentality / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Elmira Sh. Musaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The features of the Dagestan mentality are studied, the characteristic of the traditional system of customary law embodied in adats and Sharia is given, the conclusion about their direct influence on the formation of the mentality of the Dagestan peoples is made. A number of customs and traditions of the peoples of Dagestan are analyzed, including such public institutions as hospitality, kunachestvo (friendship), twinning, atalychestvo (fosterage) and others, which embodied the identity, national psychology and mentality of the highlanders. The creative, humanistic beginning of the traditional national culture of Dagestan is justified and its key role in consolidating the peoples of Dagestan and strengthening good neighborhood relations with the peoples of the North Caucasus is emphasized. Analysis of the origins of traditional Dagestan culture allows us to better understand and accept the features of the modern Dagestan mentality, its specificity and uniqueness.

Sarat G. Hiyasova, Maida G. Mustafaeva, Elmira Sh. Musaeva Identity Of Student Youth and New Social Reality / annotation

Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Elmira Sh. Musaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The degree of influence of the Internet environment on young people in modern culture is analyzed. It is noted that at the present stage, society and culture have ceased to be considered the main institutions of socialization, which play a major role in personal identification issues. This niche has been occupied by the global network and information and communicative space. There is a need for young people to develop critical thinking skills and media literacy, since their absence can have a number of negative consequences, from conflicts on religious grounds to violation of ethno-national and civic identity. The audience questionnaire was conducted, it was revealed that the goals of visiting social networks by young people are different in the different age range. And if in one case the Internet environment is used for educational and cognitive purposes, as a convenient platform for obtaining information, then in another case it is used for entertainment and leisure. At the present stage, due to the excessive immersion of young people in the Internet environment, processes of uncontrolled socialization are observed, as well as the formation of false identities, when it is appropriate to talk about the diversity of manifestations of their "own self" among young people. The article recommends to subject the study of the real motives of "immersion" of young people in the virtual reality, which will allow specialists to help young people in matters of self-identification, individual choice of the behavior model that would correspond to their true essence.

Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Sarat G. Hiyasova Modern Implementation of The Concept of Spiritual and Moral Education of Student Youth (On the Example of The Dagestan State Pedagogical University) / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The subject of consideration is the emerging practice of participation of public institutions in the spiritual and moral education of students and schoolchildren, and within its framework, the practice of state-religious partnership. The formed model of activity "university-school-social partnership" is analyzed. The process of forming a system of state-religious partnership in the spiritual and moral education of students is considered in more detail, carried out in the educational and pedagogical process by the teaching staff of the oldest in the North Caucasus Dagestan State Pedagogical University. Almost all faculties of the pedagogical university conduct disciplines - religious studies, the history of world religions. It is emphasized that the training of students in this direction is necessary for a modern specialist. On the basis of questionnaires, it was concluded that university students study with interest the peculiarities of the religions of Dagestan as a multi-national and polydenominational region of the Russian Federation, there is a growing interest in Muslim law and religious disciplines in general. This interest is explained not only by the recognition of the serious contribution of Muslim lawyers to the world legal culture, but also by the role that Islam plays in the modern world, which has a direct impact on the political situation in many countries and the system of international relations in general.

Maida G. Mustafaeva, Magomed A. Ibragimov, Sarat G. Hiyasova Formation Of the Culture of Students in The Process of Teaching Youth Studies at The Faculty of Management and Law at The Dagestan State Pedagogical University / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Magomed A. Ibragimov – Ph.D. in Law, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The specificity and peculiarities of the disciplines - youth studies, juvenile law, juvenile court and their role in the formation of innovative culture of students are analyzed. The processes taking place among the young generation of the XXI century, with its new geopolitical spaces, challenges and risks of globalization, and geo-economic crises are investigated. For Russia, the role and attitude of young people are directly linked to the country`s national security. The mechanisms linking youth studies, juvenile court and juvenile law to all branches of law are traced. An attempt is made to analyze youth studies, juvenile justice and juvenile law in the interdisciplinary aspect as a new complex branch of science, which considers the young generation as the major factor of social reproduction, which determines progressive development of the future society.

Elmira Sh. Musaeva, Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev Ethnonational and Ethnoconfessional Dagestan: Problems of Implementation of The National Policy / annotation

Elmira Sh. Musaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.

The issues of preserving and strengthening the historical and cultural interaction and unity of Dagestan and Russia are analyzed. In the context of the socio-philosophical approach and historical approaches, a retrospective analysis of national and ethno-confessional relations in the Republic of Dagestan is proposed, the specifics and features of development, forms and methods of their improvement are shown. The problem of studying interethnic conflicts as additional factors of destabilization of the economic and socio-political situation and complicating the implementation of reforms is being actualized. It is emphasized that the development and implementation of a scientifically grounded national policy in the realities of our time is the main task of scientists and the government of Russian society.

Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Magomed A. Ibragimov Socio-Philosophical Analysis of Extremism and Terrorism / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Magomed A. Ibragimov – Ph.D. in Law, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

There is an attempt to make a comprehensive analysis of such an ambiguous phenomenon as modern terrorism and extremism. Not only the ideological and historical roots of extremism and terrorism, the reasons for its activation in modern conditions are revealed, much attention is paid to the analysis of the problems of prevention and counteraction to these phenomena. Based on the analysis of the regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Dagestan, materials of conferences of various levels devoted to these issues, it is noted that among Russian scientists there is still a significant spread of opinions regarding the theoretical definition of terrorism and extremism and ways to improve the fighting against them in our country. It is emphasized that the most important instrument of antiterrorist policy is awareness, knowledge, specificity and preparedness for emergency situations in a multicultural region.

Maida G. Mustafaeva, Farid M. Mustafaev, Sarat G. Hiyasova The Influence of Customs and Traditions on The Formation and Spiritual Development of Society in The Multicultural Region / annotation

Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Farid M. Mustafaev – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Synergy University, Moscow, Russian Federation.
Sarat G. Hiyasova – Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

The peoples of Dagestan have accumulated many creative traditions and customs over their centuries-old history. It is shown that it is in traditions and customs that the national character of the people, their mentality, life priorities and ideals are embodied. Such an important sign as continuity is emphasized, which in turn is one of the most important conditions for spiritual development in the modern multicultural region. People`s morality, embedded in traditions and customs, has a pervasive ability, regulates interpersonal relations in all social spheres, including education. It is especially noted that customs and traditions acquire special significance in the conditions of multicul-turalism of the Dagestan region, where each people, regardless of the size and composition of the population, has their own special customs and traditions. Hence, in the conditions of multinational Dagestan, the problems of the development and functioning of national cultures, the tasks of preserving the national-ethnic components of spiritual culture, customs and traditions, the way of life, and folk crafts have always been relevant.

Nariman A. Asvarov, Maida G. Mustafaeva, Zarema S. Mustafaeva Systematic Approach in Education (On the Example of National Schools of The Republic of Dagestan) / annotation

Nariman A. Asvarov – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, Rector, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Maida G. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Dagestan State Pedagogical University, Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.
Zarema S. Mustafaeva – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Municipal Budgetary General Education Institution "Secondary General School No.16," Makhachkala, The Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation.

Currently, understanding the foundations of education in the context of world problems is a necessary prerequisite for the sustainable development of the Russian society. It is shown that the problem of determining the content of education has a long and complex historical tradition, which is closely related to the stages of development of science and social practice. The features of the national educational policy in the Republic of Dagestan are being considered. It is emphasized that multilingual, multinational Dagestan has extensive experience in organizing the educational process of various types of schools in a multi-ethnic environment. The main priorities for the development of the Dagestan national school are highlighted: ensuring the content of education, which harmoniously combines federal and national-regional components; realization of the right to educate Dagestani students in their native language from preschool age; formation of intellectual abilities and moral qualities among students taking into account ethno-psychological characteristics and traditions of folk pedagogy of Dagestan; introducing the young generation not only to their national culture, but also to the culture of other peoples; priority of the national-regional component in the content and structure of subjects of a cognitive nature, aesthetic, physical and labour education; formation of national-Russian and Russian-national bilingualism; education of language, national and ethnocultural tolerance. Data are given indicating the great merit of the teaching staff of Dagestan in the development of modern education in the Republic.

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