ISSN 2414-1143


2022. N 4

Social and ethno-cultural studies of the region
(social and political philosophy)

Yulia A. Burlova, Olga A. Baklanova Normative Conditioning of The Consciousness of The Society Subject: Sociocultural Approach / annotation

Yulia A. Burlova – Ph.D. in Law, Professor, Krasnodar University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (Stavropol Branch), Stavropol, Russian Federation.
Olga A. Baklanova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, North Caucasus Federal University, Stavropol, Russian Federation.

The study of normalization of the consciousness of a social subject, the process of forming a normative consciousness from the point of view of a sociocultural approach, is being carried out. External determinants, combinations of three regulatory systems are religion, morality and law. They create conditions for the unification of regulatory components in a conditional complex, conditionally called "normative consciousness," based on personal attitudes of morality. Social norms do not seek mobility or variability, they are characterized by traditionalism and continuity. The socio-cultural connection between the processes of rationing and humanizing the life of a subject of modern society is manifested in the fact that these processes must go in parallel with each other, and the strengthening of the regulatory component should not be ahead of humanization. The sociocultural approach helps to understand not only how the development of normative consciousness is determined, but also how its regression occurs, that is, the formation of "deviant" consciousness.

Key words: society, norm, normative consciousness, subject of society, sociocultural approach, normative conditionality, interiorization

Evgeny E. Nesmeyanov, Galina S. Kharlamova Systematic Clip Thinking: Specificity, Socio-Cultural Consequences, Ways of Overcoming / annotation

Evgeny E. Nesmeyanov – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Galina S. Kharlamova – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate professor, Professor, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article substantiates the increased threat of the loss of traditional spiritual and moral guidelines, the introduction of ideals and values isolated from historical traditions into the minds of Russian people. The theory justifying such a type of person as a posthuman is critically evaluated. The prerequisites for the appearance of a posthuman, one of the signs of which is clip thinking, are considered. The closeness of clip and mythological thinking is emphasized. It is noted that clip thinking creates prerequisites for the appearance of fakes. Methodological approaches of countering fake information, applicable in pedagogical practice, are proposed.

Key words: spiritual and moral guidelines, security, clip thinking, fake

Elena A. Agapova, Lyudmila V. Gushchina On The Problem of Comprehension of Atypicality: Sociocultural Aspect / annotation

Elena A. Agapova – Ph.D. (Advanced Doctorate) in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Lyudmila V. Gushchina – Ph.D. in Philology, Associate Professor, Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The problem of atypicality as a biopsychosocial phenomenon on the one hand requires comprehension in the context of philosophical study and further search for a solution to problems in the field of socio-philosophical research. On the other hand, the polysemantic content and terminological uncertainty of the concept of "atypicality" implies the need to create classifications using a categorical approach that allows you to generalize and determine the social phenomenon in a sociocultural context. Modern conditions of social and political instability and uncertainty, the transition to a new paradigm for the development of society and social relations require the formation of a special attitude to another person and, moreover, to people with disabilities. In this regard, it seems necessary to rethink reality and abandon "Western models" of attitude to atypicality, which led to a formal attitude on the part of the state and society. The crisis in Russian society was created under the influence of Western European models, based not so much on humanism as on pragmatism and economic conditioning, which had a strong influence on the spiritual inculturation and involvement of people with disabilities in public life, as well as on the very attitude to atypicality in Russia with elements of intolerance and formalization at all levels of public and state power. To solve these problems, a different vector of development is needed in relation to atypicality and its comprehension: not denying the borrowing and adaptation of some technologies and methods, but designed to rely on traditional values embedded in the culture and mentality of the Russian person.

Key words: atypicality, traditional values, Russian culture, cultural code

Alexander V. Dzhioev The Role of Social Values in Ensuring the Region Demographic Security / annotation

Alexander V. Dzhioev – Junior Research Fellow, Laboratory of Applied Sociology and Conflictology, Vladikavkaz Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russian Federation.
In modern Russia, there is a tendency of natural population decline, which, despite all the efforts of the state, cannot be overcome in any way, and many Russian regions, including the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, have dangerous demographic characteristics: a high mortality rate, rapidly aging population and longterm negative migration. In order to achieve demographic security, the regions of Russia, according to the Demography national project, should make efforts to increase healthy life expectancy, create social norms for a healthy lifestyle and systematic physical education and sports. However, this applies to already born people. As for the key goal of increasing the total fertility rate for ensuring socio-demographic security, in addition to financial support for families and solving their housing problems, it is necessary to strengthen the system of social values that have undergone a significant transformation as a result of reforms, as well as in the process of the second demographic transition. In particular, at the highest level of state and regional government, the highest social values should be systematically supported and the unconditional value of a large family should be demonstrated.

Key words: social values, socio-demographic security, demographic development of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania

Madina Z. Magomedova Problems Of Identification of The North Caucasian Youth in The Context of The Digitalization of Society / annotation

Madina Z. Magomedova – Ph.D. in Philosophy, Associate Professor, leading research worker, Regional Center for Ethnopolitical Studies of the Dagestan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dagestan State University of National Economy, Makhachkala, Dagestan Republic, Russian Federation.
The formation of the young generation identity of the North Caucasus is closely connected with socialization within certain socio-cultural traditions of the region. In the multi-level identification structure of the North Caucasian youth, many identities are simultaneously combined, some of which are basic, others are auxiliary. The former includes ethnic, confessional, ethno-cultural, civic identities, while the auxiliary one includes positioning oneself in the virtual space. The article was written on the basis of the survey “Problems of Identification of Youth” conducted in April-May 2022 in the North Caucasian republics, in which 1240 people were interviewed. The purpose of this sociological study was to identify the key identification markers of the North Caucasian youth. The object of the study was young people from 14 to 35 years old, the subject of the study was a comparative analysis of the identification preferences of modern North Caucasian youth. The hypothesis of the study, which was that with the active penetration of digital technologies into our lives, there was a leveling of basic forms of identity among the youth of the North Caucasus, was not confirmed. In the North Caucasian society, the stability of traditional social institutions, the strength of connection with the past, and resistance to change are still preserved.

Key words: identity, identification, youth, ethnos, nation, religion, digitalization, North Caucasus

(philosophical anthropology, philosophy of culture)

Konstantin A. Lukyanenko Orthodox Culture as A Source of Overcoming the Crisis of Personality in The Post-Secular World / annotation

Konstantin A. Lukyanenko – Senior Lecturer, Don State Technical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Genuine spirituality and religiosity in modern society are undergoing incredible transformations. On the one hand, traditional family values are threatened by the Western liberal agenda, which openly levels the institution of the family and offers new non-traditional forms that clearly contradict the historical development of mankind. On the other hand, religion itself in the West is changing so radically that what is abnormal and frankly sinful is recognized as normal and in demand. In some cases, it is necessary to talk about mental illness, but when this becomes a widespread trend, it is necessary not only to sound the alarm, but to try as quickly as possible to find out what is the reason for such cardinal changes in the structure of human society and how it is possible, if possible, to get out of this impasse? Is real religious faith possible today? We are sure that the causes of the spiritual crisis must be sought in person himself - the external person - who develops mainly according to the principle of the inclinations of the flesh. The centuries-old experience of the Orthodox tradition can help us understand this.

Key words: Orthodoxy, church, secularity, post-secularity, religious system, external and internal person, configuration, value, modification, religiosity, carnal, spirituality, hyperreli-giousness

(theory and history of culture)

Marina I. Zhbannikova, Kseniya A. Milenkaya The study of songs of the period of the Great Patriotic War by Turkish researchers as a factor in the formation of citizens' motivation to fight the invaders / annotation

Marina I. Zhbannikova – Lecturer, Branch of Moscow University named after S.Yu. Witte, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Kseniya A. Milenkaya – Specialist, Branch of Moscow University named after S.Yu. Wit-te, Ros-tov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article deals with the study of songs from the period of the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) by Turkish researchers as a factor in the formation of motivation of citizens to fight the Nazi invaders. One of the main values of folklore – songs - greatly influences the morale in harsh military conditions. The Soviet government was well aware of the influence of folk songs not only on soldiers, but also on all Soviet citizens, for whom the war became a difficult exam for survival and left an indelible mark in their memory. Within the framework of the historical and genetic research method, the emergence and development of the popularity of songs of the war years are analyzed. On the basis of chronological and ideographic methods, the songs of the war years, their authors, and the peculiarities of their influence on the morale of the Soviet population are considered. The military song repertoire reflected frontline events and everyday experiences. Especially popular during the Great Patriotic War among soldiers and partisans were such songs as "Under the green broom", "There in the distance, across the river", "Young Red Army soldier", "Don`t worry, seagulls, over the sea", "Through the valleys and along the hills". And some of the songs date back to the time of the Civil War. Some songs were written to the tune of earlier songs or poems, such as, for example, the song about the feat of Alexander Matrosov "The Valdai dark Forest was Noisy" to the tune of K. Ryleev`s poem "The Death of Ermak". Difficult wartime gave Soviet citizens such songs as "Holy War", "Beloved City", "Katyusha", "Blue Handkerchief", "Dugout", "Dark Night" and many others. The tragedies that happened during the Nazi occupation are also the source of writing some folk songs, for example, about the feat of Rostov resident Vitya Cherevichkin. Another type of songwriting specific to the period of the Great Patriotic War, the Turkish author considers the songs of Soviet women who were captured, and in his research, he relies on the works of Soviet researcher L.N. Pushkarev. In his work, Turkish author Hanife Sarac comes to the conclusion that front-line folklore is an indispensable guide through the hardships of war. And indeed, the songs of the war years were an effective weapon in the fight against the enemy in the Patriotic War, they became the quintessence of the war, were in the thick of military events.

Key words: songs, the Great Patriotic War, culture, folklore, fighting spirit, Soviet society, foreign studies

Irina S. Voziyanova, Danil A. Pokrovsky, Artem V. Kamalov Historical Events as a Basis for The Development of Militaristic Tourism: Defense of Vladikavkaz in The Battle for The Caucasus / annotation

Irina S. Voziyanova – Ph.D. in History, Associate Professor, North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russian Federation.
Danil A. Pokrovsky – Student, North Ossetian State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russian Federation.
Artem V. Kamalov – Ph.D. student, Rostov State University of Economics, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article is devoted to the study of events of the Great Patriotic War within the limits of one of directions of a modern tourist industry – militaristic tourism, allowing to plunge into atmosphere of war time and to learn about occurring events through categories of informative tourism. "Battle for the Caucasus" which is one of the largest companies in 1942-1943, the theatre of military operations which, in terms of territory coverage, stretched from the Don River to the slopes of the Main Caucasus Range where the battles of a critical nature occurred in the territory of the modern Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, namely near Mozdok, the Elkhotov Gate and Vladikavkaz. The result was the transition of the strategic initiative to the Soviet side. A significant number of objects from the Great Patriotic War period have been preserved in North Ossetia: There are museums, memorial complexes, and monuments to those who died in the war have been erected in almost every settlement. The development of military-historical tours contributes to the preservation of the military heritage of the Ossetian people, strengthens the sense of patriotism of the younger generations, helps to understand the concepts of "peace" and "war", and allows to participate as volunteers in the "Memory Watch" search activities.

Key words: Caucasus, North Ossetia, Vladikavkaz, history, Great Patriotic War, memory, tourism, excursions

Dmitry I. Uznarodov Demographic Transformations of The Belarusians of The Crimea at The End of the 19th-First Half of the 20th Century / annotation

Dmitry I. Uznarodov – Ph.D. in Political Science, Research Fellow, Federal Research Centre the Southern Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
The article examines the specifics of demographic transformations of the Belarusian population of the Crimean Peninsula in the late 19th-first half of the 20th century. The choice of the topic of the work is due to the fact that studies on the demographic processes of the Belarusian population of the Crimean Peninsula are not yet reflected in scientific discourse in detail, despite the fact that Belarusians are the fourth largest ethnic minority of Crimea. The methodological basis of the study was made up of statistical analysis methods, in particular, a summary and grouping of the obtained statistical data, as well as correlation analysis of statistical data were used during the study. The dynamics of changes in the number of the Belarusian population in the context of the administrative-territorial Crimean Peninsula from 1897 to 1939 is analyzed. It is concluded that at the end of the 19th-first half of the 20th century, the maximum concentration of the Belarusian ethnic group was observed in the eastern and southeastern parts of the peninsula. The analysis also showed that if in the first two decades of the 20th century there was a sharp increase in the share of the Belarusian ethnic group in the western part of the peninsula, then in the period from 1926 to 1939 the number of Belarusians in the western part of the Crimea again significantly decreased.

Key words: Crimean Peninsula, Belarusian ethnic group, demographic processes, ethnic minorities

Don State Technical University
Tbilisi State University
Moldavian association of international law
DANUBIUS University
Varna Free University 'Chernorizets Hrabar'