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Ageeva N. Relevant issues of single ethical and legal space creation on the territory of treatment and prevention institutions of the Crimean Federal District / annotation

Nataliya A. Ageeva – candidate of philosophy, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

The article raises the questions of the necessity of medical activity bioethical measurement in the process of training and retraining of personnel for treatment and prophylactic institutions of the Crimean Federal District. In 2014 a resonant and long-awaited event took place – the annexation of the Crimea to the Russian Federation. From the very first days of the status change on the peninsula, the modernization of the health care system of the Republic of Crimea began by adapting it to modern Russian legislation. At the stage of transition, in difficult socio-political conditions, doctors were required the strict observance of the norms of international and Russian law. The author emphasizes that in the process of medical activity the doctor should be guided by the observance of ethical principles: justice, voluntariness, confidentiality and truthfulness. At the same time, according to the Federal Law “On the Fundamentals of the Protection of Citizens’ Health in the Russian Federation” (Article 71), doctors promise to be merciful, highly moral, patient, in every way to protect the health of people, helping all without discrimination, keep a medical secret, to oppose euthanasia, to respect their teachers and colleagues, to improve their professional knowledge and skills. Article 20 of the abovementioned Federal Law establishes the observance of the ethical principle of voluntariness, article 13 – confidentiality, article 22 – veracity. Observance of the principle of justice is dedicated to the Federal Law “On Compulsory Medical Insurance”. Fulfilment of these principles with a doctor is a marker of a high level of his legal conscience and professional culture in general. The multinational and multi-religious composition of the population in the Crimean Federal District points to the need for physicians to take into account the sociocultural and religious characteristics of patients. The author proceeds from the premise that high requirements to the level of training and retraining of personnel for the healthcare system of the Republic of Crimea can be realized on the condition that a single ethical and legal space is created in the territory of medical and preventive institutions of the Crimean Federal District.

Key words: bioethics, public health, Crimean federal district, modernization, legal consciousness, situational problems.

Ageeva N., Shapoval G. The topical issues of population policy in the Crimean federal district / annotation

Nataliia A. Ageeva – candidate of philosophy, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.
Galina N. Shapoval – candidate of philosophy, associate professor. Rostov state medical university. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation.

In the Russian Federation the task of providing conditions for sustainable demographic development of the country has been priority for many years. On the 9th of October, 2007 the Conception of the population policy of the Russian Federation until 2025 was approved by the Decree of the President of Russia. The plan of its realization measures has already given favorable results. In 2017 the selective observation of reproductive plans of the population was held in the territory of the Crimean Federal District. The census has revealed the general ideas of desires and fears of men and women connected with starting a family and the birth of the first and the next children. This information has given the chance for development of a complex of the actions focusing on improvement of birth rate indicators and decrease of mortality indicators. The article considers the effective measures for stimulation of birth rate and promoting of family values among young people, since the period of their studies at college and at the university: celebration in honor of professional dynasties and young families, congratulation them on wedding and child`s birth, providing young parents with benefits, etc. Measures, focusing on material support of large families: improvement of qualities of life and health care, possibility of self-realization and career development will be in demand among middle-aged people. The state national security directly depends on achievements of population policy of the state that is realizable only in the context of creation of conditions for full development of the personality and efficiency of activity of all citizens of the country. The authors consider that the people confident in future will build close-knit families and implement their reproductive plans without fear.

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